19th & 20th Centuries: France

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19th & 20th Centuries: France

  1. 1. 19th & 20th Century: FranceMichael Chan-Pong
  2. 2. World War I• World War I began July28, 1914– France pulled in byRussian alliance• Germans plan to sweepthrough France similarlyto the Franco-PrussianWar in order to takeRussia on the East– Schlieffen Plan
  3. 3. World War I• Major front: Western Front• Between France and Germany• Germans penetrate British(Allied) defenses– Become 50 miles from Paris• U.S. turn the tides at Battle ofChâteau-Thierry• November 11, 1918: Armisticesigned• Treaty of Versailles– France got its beloved Alsace-Lorraine back– Germany severely punished– Guilt clause
  4. 4. World War I• World War I used newweaponry• 1.375 million dead– #3• 8.4 million wounded– #4• 4.266 million wounded– #2• 537,000 missing/POW– #5• Lost generation
  5. 5. World War II• May 10, 1940: Germanylaunches invasion of France• 4 days later: Germans passthrough French lines• June 14: French capitalinvaded• June 22: Armistice signed• June 25: Armistice takes effect– France divided into two zones• 2/3: German-occupied• 1/3: Still French, led by Vichygovernment
  6. 6. World War II
  7. 7. World War II• November 8, 1942: Alliesinvade NorthAfrica, Germany and Italyquickly occupy the rest ofFrance• June 6, 1944: Franceliberation begins– Operation Overlord/Battleof Normandy• Operation Neptune/D-Day• August 25, 1944: Paris
  8. 8. World War II• Effects– Damages• Financial• Military• Psychological• Political– Losing colonies• Resist for a while
  9. 9. Post-War Era• Self-determinism– Idea proposed by WoodrowWilson, became morepossible after World War II– Lebanon released fromFrance• France recognizedindependence November22, 1943– Algeria became independentof France• Goes down in war
  10. 10. Post-War Era• Founder member of NATO• Fourth Republicestablished under newconstitution– Economic growth– Lost control of Indochina– Algeria• 1958: Fourth Republicunstable, constitution forFifth Republic established– Current• First World
  11. 11. 1990s• Early 1990s: Criticized for undergroundnuclear testing in French Polynesia• 1992: Hosts Albertville Winter Cup• Late 1990s: Recovering from an economicrecession• 1998: Hosts FIFA World Cup• January 1, 1999: Switch to Euros– No more Franc
  12. 12. Bibliography• Caroline. Paris, France in the 1990s. Digital image. DeviantART. DeviantART, 2011. Web. 22 May 2013.• "Effect of World War II on Each Country." Worldology. Worldology, 2009. Web. 22 May 2013.• The Fall of France Banner. Digital image. History. AETN UK, n.d. Web. 22 May 2013.<http://www.history.co.uk/explore-history/ww2/fall-of-france/heroBackgroundImage/thefalloffrance_hero.jpg>.• "Fall of France." History. AETN UK, n.d. Web. 22 May 2013.• The Fall of France Skin. Digital image. History. AETN UK, n.d. Web. 22 May 2013.<http://www.history.co.uk/explore-history/ww2/fall-of-france/backgroundImage/thefalloffrance_skin.jpg>.• Four Soldiers. Digital image. RootsWeb. Ancestry.com, n.d. Web. 22 May 2013.• "France." National Cold War Exhibition. Trustees of the Royal Air Force Museum, n.d. Web. 22 May 2013.• "France Surrenders, 1940." EyeWitness to History. Ibis Communications, 2007. Web. 23 May 2013.• Front-line Trench in Northern France. Digital image. The Winter of the World. Carleton College, 2 Oct. 2008.Web. 22 May 2013.• Gaba, Eric, and Rama. Occupation zones of France during the Second World War. Digital image.Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 8 Mar. 2011. Web. 22 May 2013.• Hals, Beth. "World War I." SlideShare. SlideShare, 7 Mar. 2013. Web. 22 May 2013.• Hanlon, Mike. "Timeline: 1914-1918 - Casualty Figures." Trenches on the Web. Great War Society, N.d.Web. 22 May 2013.• Maxim Machine Gun. Digital image. Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, n.d. Web. 22 May2013.
  13. 13. Bibliography• National Archives and Records Administration. French "37" in firing position on parapet in second-line trench. Digital image. About.com 20thCentury History. About.com, n.d. Web. 22 May 2013.• The New York Times. An American soldier in France during The Great War. Digital image. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, TheFree Encyclopedia, 20 Oct. 2007. Web. 22 May 2013.• Royde-Smith, John Graham. "World War II". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica, 2013. Web.22 May. 2013• Wikipedia Contributors. "Algeria–France Relations." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 20 Apr. 2013. Web.22 May. 2013.• Wikipedia Contributors. "Algerian War." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 22 May. 2013. Web. 22 May.2013.• Wikipedia Contributors. "Alsace-Lorraine." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 17 May. 2013. Web. 20 May.2013.• Wikipedia Contributors. "Ardennes." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 21 May. 2013. Web. 22 May. 2013.• Wikipedia Contributors. "First World." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 16 May. 2013. Web. 22 May.2013.• Wikipedia Contributors. "France." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 22 May. 2013. Web. 22 May. 2013.• Wikipedia Contributors. "French Army in World War I." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 21 May. 2013.Web. 20 May. 2013.• Wikipedia Contributors. "Lebanon." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 22 May. 2013. Web. 20 May. 2013.• Wikipedia Contributors. "Military Administration in France (Nazi Germany)." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The FreeEncyclopedia, 30 Apr. 2013. Web. 22 May. 2013.• Wikipedia Contributors. "Self-determination." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 23 May. 2013. Web. 22May. 2013.• Wikipedia Contributors. "World War I." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 21 May. 2013. Web. 20 May.2013.• World War I Infantry Unit. Digital image. SCHOOLWORKHELPER. St. Rosemary Educational Institution, n.d. Web. 22 May 2013.

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