Superlatives

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Superlatives

  1. 1. Superlatives
  2. 2. <ul><li>You just finished doing comparatives. Now you’re going to do superlatives. </li></ul><ul><li>In English, we have what we call the </li></ul><ul><li>positive form, tall gorgeous </li></ul><ul><li>the comparative form, taller more gorgeous </li></ul><ul><li>and the superlative form. tallest most gorgeous </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish doesn’t have that, exactly, but if you just think of “más” as meaning both “more” AND “most,” both the comparative and superlative are very similar to English. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The comparative is for when you’re talking about two people or things: </li></ul><ul><li>Addison is more beautiful than Meredith. </li></ul><ul><li>Addison es más hermosa que Meredith. </li></ul><ul><li>The superlative is for when you’re talking about three or more people or things: </li></ul><ul><li>Addison is the most beautiful of all . </li></ul><ul><li>Addison es la más hermosa de todas . </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>As you can see, if you use “most” rather than “-est” (which, like “-er,” doesn’t exist in Spanish), the word order is identical to English: </li></ul><ul><li>Addison is the most beautiful of all . </li></ul><ul><li>Addison es la más hermosa de todas . </li></ul><ul><li>However, you need to note that if you put a noun in the superlative expression, it will come BEFORE “más + adjective.” </li></ul><ul><li>Addison is the most beautiful woman of all . </li></ul><ul><li>Addison es la mujer más hermosa de todas . </li></ul><ul><li>But that should be no surprise, since, as you learned in chapter 2, adjectives normally come after the noun they describe: </li></ul><ul><li>noun adjective </li></ul><ul><li>Addison es una mujer hermosa. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Click here to go to a brief practice exercise. When you’re done with the first one (there’s only one problem per page), click on the arrow to go to the next. There are five problems total. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>That was “superlatives for dummies.” Click here to go to a more challenging exercise. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>OK, one more thing. You don’t have a problem with </li></ul><ul><li>Addison es la más hermosa de todas. </li></ul><ul><li>But what about </li></ul><ul><li>Addison es la más hermosa del mundo. </li></ul><ul><li>Literally, that translates </li></ul><ul><li>Addison is the most beautiful OF the world. </li></ul><ul><li>We, of course, would say </li></ul><ul><li>Addison is the most beautiful IN the world. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>But in Spanish, you have to say “de”: </li></ul><ul><li>Juan es el hombre más alto de la ciudad. </li></ul><ul><li>Juan is the tallest man in the city. </li></ul><ul><li>Elisa es la más bonita de la clase. </li></ul><ul><li>Elisa is the prettiest in the class. </li></ul><ul><li>Antonio y Carlos son los más gordos de Georgia. </li></ul><ul><li>Antonio and Carlos are the fattest in Georgia. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>So there are three (little) things that make the superlative in Spanish different from the superlative in English: </li></ul><ul><li>1. The fact that you always have to use “most” and not something like “-est” that you can put on the end of the adjective: </li></ul><ul><li>Bill Gates es el más rico de nuestro país. </li></ul><ul><li>Bill Gates is the richest in our country. </li></ul><ul><li>The fact that you have to put the noun BEFORE “más + adjective”: </li></ul><ul><li>Bill Gates es el hombre más rico de nuestro país. </li></ul><ul><li>Bill Gates is the richest man in our country. </li></ul><ul><li>The fact that you have to say “de” in Spanish where we usually say “in” in English: </li></ul><ul><li>Bill Gates es el más rico de nuestro país. </li></ul><ul><li>Bill Gates is the richest in our country. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Watch out for the irregulars! <ul><li>Remember mejor , peor , mayor , menor ? </li></ul><ul><li>Since they mean better , worse , older , younger , </li></ul><ul><li>they also mean best , worst , oldest , youngest . </li></ul><ul><li>Juan es el mejor estudiante de la clase. </li></ul><ul><li>Juan is the best student in the class. </li></ul><ul><li>Juan es el peor estudiante de la clase. </li></ul><ul><li>Juan is the worst student in the class. </li></ul><ul><li>Juan es el mayor estudiante de la clase. </li></ul><ul><li>Juan is the oldest student in the class. </li></ul><ul><li>Juan es el menor estudiante de la clase. </li></ul><ul><li>Juan is the youngest student in the class. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Click here to go to your homework. </li></ul>

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