William Shakespeare


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William Shakespeare

  1. 1. William Shakespeare<br />Bard of Avon<br />*Bard: Poet<br />
  2. 2. Who is Shakespeare?<br />Famous playwright, actor and theatre entrepreneur<br />Born on around 23rd April 1564 in the family home in Stratford-upon-Avon<br />Baptised in 26 April 1564 in Holy Trinity Church in Stratford<br />Married Anne Hathaway at the age of 18 and had 3 children<br />Died on 23rd April 1616<br />
  3. 3. Family<br />Son of John Shakespeare, a successful glove-maker and eventually a bailiff (mayor), and Mary Arden, daughter of a rich and ancient landowning family<br />Had 7 siblings<br />Upper-middle social status due to affluence of his family<br />
  4. 4. Early Life of Shakespeare<br />Probably attended the King’s New School, a local grammar school<br />School days were hectic – started at six in the morning till five in the afternoon<br />Left school at the age of fifteen or sixteen <br />Became an apprentice or trainee in his father’s shop<br />
  5. 5. Inspirations and Works<br />Inspired to write both by nature and most importantly, the other great novelists of his day such as Ovid and Seneca<br />Famous plays that he had written include “Macbeth”, “Romeo and Juliet”, “Hamlet”, “The Tempest” and of course “The Merchant of Venice”<br />Shakespeare’s plays were well-received even till now because of their unbeatable balance of prose and verse, profound study of human nature and their relevance <br />
  6. 6. Interesting Facts<br />Shakespeare lived for exactly 52 years(1564-1616)<br />Humorous scenes in his plays mostly deal with ordinary people rather than aristocrats<br />Shakespeare wrote a total of 38 plays (including The Two Noble Kinsmen) and 154 sonnets<br />Shakespeare’s works contain over 600 references to birds of all kinds, one of the most among poets<br />
  7. 7. England in Shakespeare’s Time<br />The Elizabethan Era<br />
  8. 8. England in Shakespearian Time<br />Very different from modern England<br />An age of great poetry and drama<br />Rapid progress in scientific and medical knowledge<br />Height of The Renaissance, which included Shakespeare’s plays<br />Monarchy: Ruled by Queen Elizabeth I from 1558 to 1603 <br /> (The Elizabethan Era)<br />
  9. 9. Social System<br />Great difference between the way ordinary people and the rich lived<br />The rich landowners<br />Employ hundreds of permanent servants<br />‘patrons’ to actors or musicians<br />Ordinary people led normal lives<br />Everyone at any level of society was likely to remain there<br />People could not easily rise to a position of power through education, unlike today<br />
  10. 10. Significant Events<br />Anglo-Spanish War of 1585-1604<br />Defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588<br />Drake-Norris Expedition in 1589<br />Signing of the Treaty of London in 1604, concluding the Anglo-Spanish War<br />
  11. 11. Theatres<br />Central part of theatres had no roof<br />No electricity to light theatres; depended on sunlight<br />Central, open-air part contained stage and yard<br />A storey above the back of the stage contained machinery<br />Trapdoors <br />No scenery<br />
  12. 12. Impact of Set-up of Theatres<br />Allowed actors to move about freely<br />Shape of theatres (polygonal) provided an all-rounded effect<br />Balcony was used in plays such as Romeo and Juliet<br />
  13. 13. The Renaissance<br />Rebirth of Learning<br />
  14. 14. The Renaissance<br />French word, meaning rebirth or revival<br />Happened during 14th Century and 17th Century<br />Began in Italy in the 14th Century before spreading throughout Europe<br />New interest in the ancient Greek and Roman classics, new forms of art, architecture, music and literature<br />
  15. 15. Significant Events<br />Black Death in Europe<br />Changed the views of people and they began to care more about their lives on Earth, rather than spirituality and afterlife<br />Period of change, questioning and vitality<br />People no longer believed everything they were told, but found things out for themselves<br />
  16. 16. Effects on Shakespeare’s Work<br />Made use of his knowledge of Greek and Roman classics in his plays<br />Portrayed humanity in every character regardless of his/her social status, since hierarchy no longer existed during the Renaissance<br />
  17. 17. Thank you!<br />