-Expansion of sailing in the 15th century was growing along with the curiosity to explore the rest of the worldPrince Henry “the navigator” was Portuguese prince who created the first ship school. This school taught males how to navigate and sail a boat.In 1453 the turkish empire cut off all land routes to Asia, therefore not cutting off all spice supply to Europe.1488 Diaz sailed around the “Cape of Storms”which is the southern tip of Africa. This route to Asia was long and very tretchorous. Which lead to nations looking for an alternate route.
Santa Maria, The Pinta, and the Nina were the three ships in the voyage Christopher Columbus lead to discover a new route to IndiaHe was sent by Spain as a “Conquistador” Bahamas, Cuba, Hispaniola, Dominica, Guadeloupe, Puerto Rico and Jamaica ware what Columbus found instead.
Under the commision of Henry VII of EnglandFirst europen encounter with the mainland of North America since the Vikings in Vinland in the 11th centuryLanded on the island of Newfoundland
-Vicente Yáñez Pinzón discoversBrazil at a cape he names "Santa Maria de la Consolación"-1500:Rodrigo de Bastidas explores the Columbian coast from Cabo de la Vela to the Gulf of Urabá.-Gonçalo Coelho discovers "Rio de Janeiro" (Guanabara Bay).
-Montezuma graciously welcomed cortez, cortez then had him executed- The aztecs attacked and were defeated-1521, Guatemoc, the new Aztec emperor, surrendered. This was the end of the great empire of the Aztecs.1524 and 1526 were both failed attempts at taking the incan empire1533 finally took the incan empire that extended down then west side of south america
Chelsea SchroederAGE OF EXPLORATION IN THE AMERICAS Photo: http://thelonggoodbye.wordpress.com/2010/01/19/old-globe-map-1596-pragmatic-progress-is-still-progress/
TYPICAL SHIP OF A EUROPEAN EXPLORERPhoto: http://karenswhimsy.com/european-explorers.shtm
LOOK BACK A LITTLE FURTHER… Expansion of sailing 1450: Prince Henry the Navigator 1453: Turkish Empire 1488: Bartholomeu Dias Photo: http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/bartholomew-alternate-spelling- bartolomeu-dias
IN 1492 COLUMBUS… Santa María, the Piñta, and the Niña New route to India Bahamas, Cuba, Hispaniola, Dominica, Guadeloupe, Puerto Rico and Jamaica. Photo: http://oh-wheezers.blogspot.com/2010/10/manila-acapulco-galleon-trade.html#axzz2973bp59J
JOHN CABOT Italian Navigator First European encounter 1947: Newfoundland Photo: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Cabot
SOUTH AMERICAPhoto: http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/sa.htm
ON THE OTHER SIDE OF THE EQUATOR… 1498 Columbus discovers mainland 1500: Vicente Yáñez Pinzón 1500: Rodrigo de Bastidas 1502: Gonçalo CoelhoPhoto: http://estrolabio.blogs.sapo.pt/tag/brasil
THE FALL OF THE ANCIENTS Hernando Cortez Francisco Pizzaro Spanish Conquistador Spanish Conquistador 1519: Tenochtitlan 1524 & 1526 Expeditions 1521: Guatemoc surrenders 1533: Third ExpeditionPizzaro Photo: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francisco_Pizarro Cortes Photo:http://musicmaven.wordpress.com/2008/01/13/cortez-the-kille
-Amerigo Vespucci returns from his explorations of the New World. American continents named after him by German mapmaker.