Source: www.fatfast.net/Articles/Article/1/302www.fatfast.netTop 10 Questions and Answers on Atkins Diet1. What is Atkins Diet?Dr. Atkins diet, first introduced in 1972, is strictlyfocused on limiting carbohydrate consumption.That is why it is called a low-carb, high-protein diet orsometimes simply a low-carb diet, together with otherdiets such as South Beach Diet, Power Protein Diet etc...2. What are carbohydrates, and where can they be found?Carbohydrates provide your body with its basic fuel, verymuch like a car engine and gasoline. Glucose goes directlyinto the cells, which convert it into the energy they need.There are two types of carbohydrates:Simple carbohydrates (also called "sugars" on foodpackage labels): glucose, fructose and galactose arereferred to as monosaccharides. Lactose, sucrose andmaltose are called disaccharides (they contain twomonosaccharides).Complex carbohydrates ("starches"), made up of chainsof glucose molecules, which is simply a way plants storeglucose.Starches can be found in great quantities in mostgrains (wheat, corn, oats, rice) and things like potatoesand plantains.Your digestive system breaks a starch back down intoits component glucose molecules so that the glucosecan enter your bloodstream.A complex carbohydrate is digested more slowly thansimple carbohydrates because it takes longer to breakdown a starch.Complex carbs can be either high in fiber such asbroccoli or low in fiber such as bananas or potatoes.But carbohydrates are not the only substances the bodyuses: it also needs proteins and fats.3. What are proteins and where can they be found?A protein is any chain of amino acids. Carbohydratesprovide cells with energy, proteins provide cells with thebuilding material they need to grow and maintaintheir structure.Protein can be found in both animal and vegetable foods.
Most animal sources (meat, milk, eggs) provide "completeprotein": they contain all of the essential amino acids.Vegetable foods usually have few or none of the essentialamino acids. Example: rice is low in isoleucine and lysine.Some vegetable sources contain quite a bit of protein --things like nuts, beans, soybeans, etc. are all high in protein.4. What are fats and where can they be found?Fats are also an important part of our diet. Many foodscontain fat in different amounts. High-fat foods includedairy products like butter and cream as well as mayonnaiseand oils.There are two kinds of fats: saturated and unsaturated.Saturated fats are normally solid at room temperature,while unsaturated fats are liquid at room temperature.Vegetable oils are the best examples of unsaturated fats,while lard and shortening (along with the animal fat yousee in raw meat) are saturated fats.We can further distinguish the unsaturated fats betweenpolyunsaturated and monounsaturated. Unsaturated fatsare currently thought to be more healthy than saturated fats,and monounsaturated fats (as found in olive oil and peanut oil)are thought to be healthier than polyunsaturated fats.Fat is necessary because: the only way to get certainfat-soluble vitamins is to eat fat, your body has no way tomake certain essential fats, so you must get them in yourfood.Another reason is that fat is a good source of energy,in fact it contains twice as many calories per gram asdo carbohydrates or proteins. Your body can burn fat asfuel when necessary5. and how can I loose weight by reducing carbohydrateconsumption?Atkins diet and other low-carb diets are based on the theorythat certain carbohydrates have a greater impact on bloodsugar levels than others.So you count these carbs. They are the ones that matter.To figure out the net carb count of a food item, you need toidentify the carbs that dont have a high impact -- those fromfiber and sugar alcohol, and subtract that total from theoverall carb countJust regulate your blood sugar levels (from carbohydrates)
and youll be able to better regulate your appetite... andyour weight.Therefore, say Atkins diet proponents, the culprits arecarbohydrates and there is nothing wrong with eating asmuch meat as you want!What you should do is restrict carbohydrate consumption,specially starchy foods such as bread, rice, corn etc...,except for what they consider as "good carbohydrates"such as high fiber vegetables (broccoli etc...)According to them, the energy we need should be takenfrom proteins, and sometimes fat, but as few carbohydratesas possible, hence the name: low carbohydrate diet..6 . What else does the human body need?Mainly vitamins and minerals. These can be found in variousfoods, fruits, etc..It seems the "Standard Western Diet" isdeficient in vitamins and minerals. This has led to thecreation of vitamin and mineral supplements.7. Is Atkins diet efficient?Anybody can note the simple fact that cutting back oncarbohydrates works, at least for a quick drop in body fatand body water.However, for most dieters the problem is the long-termeffects on the body due to such a drastic reduction incarbohydrates.Whatever Atkins diet proponents have said, this remains areal problem and people like those at South Beach Diet havetried to solve it by introducing carbohyfrates after the 14 daysinitial phase.8. What about the "fat makes you fat" theory?According to Anthony Colpo, one of the most articulate of theAtkins diet defenders:"Some folks have been so inculcated with the simplistic"fat makes you fat" theory that they just cannot believea diet high in fat can lead to a loss of bodyfat.The fact is, high fat diets can result in spectacular fat loss- as long as carbohydrate intake is kept low. Eat a diet thatis high in both fat and carbohydrate and your bodyfatpercentages will head north real quick! "9. Does Atkins diet cause coronary heart disease (CHD)?On May 26, 2004 A Florida businessman filed suit againstthe makers of Atkins diet.The man claimed as a consequence of following the low-carb
diet, he suffers from severe heart disease, necessitatingangioplasty and a stentOne of the fiercest opponents of Atkins diet, the PhysiciansCommittee for Responsible Medicine (PCRM) PresidentNeal Barnard, M.D, said that the diet proponents "push dietersto avoid healthy foods, like rice, beans, and pasta, whileignoring the risks of high-cholesterol, high-fat meat andcheese. The idea that cholesterol and saturated fat dontmatter is a dangerous myth."But what does the other side say? As expected, we heara totally different story.Here is Anthony Colpos take on the CHD issue:"A low carb diet based on paleolithic food choices, that is,a diet based on free-range animal products and lowcarbohydrate, low-glycemic plant foods, fits the bill quitenicely. So go ahead, eat your steak and salad!"10. Are there any other health risks?In additon to CHD - coronary heart disease - Atkins diet hasalso been blamed for a number of other "atrocities", such as:colon cancer, impaired kidney function, osteoporosis,complications of diabetes, and to cap it all: constipation,headache, bad breath, muscle cramps, diarrhea, generalweakness.A few quick answers to some of these accusations fromAnthony Colpo:Kidney disease: "Bodybuilders and strength athletes havebeen consuming high-protein diets for decades. Given thewidespread global participation in these activities, if theclaims of kidney damage were true, by now there would bean enormous number of case studies of ex-bodybuildersand strength athletes afflicted with kidney disease," whichis obviously not the case.Osteoporosis: "a low-carbohydrate, high fat, high proteindiet is a far better choice for building strong bones thana low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet."A.M.Sall invites you to cash in on his 30 years experience as a professional medicaltranslator and say goodbye forever to all your Health, Beauty and Wellness problems!http://www.health-beauty-wellness.com/10.htm