Energy Justice      By: DaJohn Hart
The ProblemLack of Environmental Justice  – Energy companies:    • Extraction sites near poor communities  – Citizens    •...
The Problem (continued)Example: Hydraulic Fracturing  What?    • Water mix with toxins forced into rocks  Harm Caused    •...
Figure 1Figure 2       Figure 3
The Problem (continued)Example: Mountaintop Removal  What?    • Blowing up mountains to access and extract coal  Harm Caus...
Figure 2Figure 1          Figure 3
Constitutionality• Commerce Clause: Federal government has  the power to regulate interstate commerce• Supremacy Clause: A...
State and Federal Government BalanceMountaintop removal:Appalachian mountain area: extractionSent to power plants througho...
Does environmental protection justify   a loss in economic development?Loss IS Justified               Loss IS NOT Justifi...
Does environmental protection justify a   loss in economic development?
Does environmental protection justify  a loss in energy independence?      Loss IS Justified         Loss IS NOT Justified...
Should local, state, or federal government,      make environmental policy?• Federal Government:   – Make sure States meet...
Political AcceptabilityProblem                    Hydraulic Fracturing          Mountaintop RemovalFavorable Public Opinio...
Proposed/Traditional Policies• Traditional:  – There are no Traditional laws to limited Fracturing    or Mountaintop Remov...
Alternative Policy: Energy Justice Policy• Require full disclosure before coal, “fracking,”  or similar operations begin• ...
Closing• Although domestic energy self-sufficiency is  important, it should not be at the expense of  environmental justic...
Work Cited•   http://definitions.uslegal.com/e/environmental-racism/•   http://earthjustice.org/features/campaigns/what-is...
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DaJohn Hart - Environmental Justice Thesis Presentation

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DaJohn Hart is a senior graduating from Chavez Parkside High School with a 3.4 G.P.A. He has been an honor roll student from 2008 to present and a College Advocate Scholar since 2010. He has gained work experience with organizations such as Amnesty International, Increase Access to Higher Education and Breakthrough. Mr. Hart’s interests are in math, natural science computers and medicine and he will be attending Morehouse College in the fall.

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  • Can not solve at state level, so must be federally regulated.
  • CSO: House approved correction, but unfunded.
  • Pennsylvania and Oklahoma stats on fraking approval—make sure they are on a notecard somewhere in case you are asked. Also citations!Verbally note that the costs are to the companies, not the government. Governments experience indirect costs related to environmental damages, enforcement, public health, etc. However, these costs are hard to calculate.
  • DaJohn Hart - Environmental Justice Thesis Presentation

    1. 1. Energy Justice By: DaJohn Hart
    2. 2. The ProblemLack of Environmental Justice – Energy companies: • Extraction sites near poor communities – Citizens • Not fully informed • Taken advantage of • Suffer health problems – Environmental damage
    3. 3. The Problem (continued)Example: Hydraulic Fracturing What? • Water mix with toxins forced into rocks Harm Caused • Toxic waste – Goes in nearby communities’ drinking water and air – Spreads to other areas
    4. 4. Figure 1Figure 2 Figure 3
    5. 5. The Problem (continued)Example: Mountaintop Removal What? • Blowing up mountains to access and extract coal Harm Caused • Waste covers rivers, schools, and family graveyards • Toxins enter the environment • Modifies natural contours and displaces wildlife
    6. 6. Figure 2Figure 1 Figure 3
    7. 7. Constitutionality• Commerce Clause: Federal government has the power to regulate interstate commerce• Supremacy Clause: All States must abide by federal law• Tenth Amendment: Reserved powers to the States
    8. 8. State and Federal Government BalanceMountaintop removal:Appalachian mountain area: extractionSent to power plants throughout the East coast – More than one state, therefore Commerce ClauseHydraulic Fracturing:Mariellus Shale: multiple statesWaste and product throughout the United States – More than one state, therefore Commerce Clause
    9. 9. Does environmental protection justify a loss in economic development?Loss IS Justified Loss IS NOT Justified• Increased public safety & • Negative impact on health urbanization• Job creation in “green” • Negative impact on job industries creationBabbitt v. Sweet Home Chapter Mariellus Shale:of Communities for a GreatOregon: – More than 60,000 jobs – SCOTUS protected created environment over economic development
    10. 10. Does environmental protection justify a loss in economic development?
    11. 11. Does environmental protection justify a loss in energy independence? Loss IS Justified Loss IS NOT Justified• Promotes innovation • Negative economic impact – Job creation – Higher prices/inflation – Global competitiveness – Job loss – Return to recession• Protects Public Health
    12. 12. Should local, state, or federal government, make environmental policy?• Federal Government: – Make sure States meet federal requirements – Focus on issues that affect multiple States• State Government: – Focus on State level environmental problems – Meet Federal environmental regulations – Focus on issue that affect multiple jurisdiction within its borders• Local: – Focus on local environmental problems – Focus on issues with its borders• District of Columbia should gain “home rule” powers to create and enforce environmental policies.
    13. 13. Political AcceptabilityProblem Hydraulic Fracturing Mountaintop RemovalFavorable Public Opinion A majority of people are in A majority oppose favor of hydraulic Mountaintop Removal, but fracturing are in favor of coal useCost A single well costs more $100 million annually to than $7.6 million extract from one mountainProven Effectiveness Laws have yet to correct Laws have yet to correct the problem the problem
    14. 14. Proposed/Traditional Policies• Traditional: – There are no Traditional laws to limited Fracturing or Mountaintop Removal in a way that supports environmental justice • Clean Air Act and Clean Water Act• Proposed: – Hydraulic fracturing companies must disclose substances used after “fracking” is complete.
    15. 15. Alternative Policy: Energy Justice Policy• Require full disclosure before coal, “fracking,” or similar operations begin• Require an agreement to terms with full information and without coercion.• Imminent domain should never apply in these cases.
    16. 16. Closing• Although domestic energy self-sufficiency is important, it should not be at the expense of environmental justice or public health.
    17. 17. Work Cited• http://definitions.uslegal.com/e/environmental-racism/• http://earthjustice.org/features/campaigns/what-is-mountaintop-removal-mining• http://www.earthworksaction.org/issues/detail/hydraulic_fracturing_101#HEALTH• http://mountainjustice.org/facts/steps.php• http://web.mit.edu/polisci/mpepp/Reports/Econ%20Impact%20Enviro%20Reg.pdf• http://web.mit.edu/polisci/mpepp/Reports/Econ%20Impact%20Enviro%20Reg.pdf• www.epa.gov/hydraulicfracture/• http://ddoe.dc.gov/service/environmental-protection• http://dccityzen.com/?p=20238• http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp- dyn/content/article/2007/09/29/AR2007092900959.html• http://www.epa.gov/hydraulicfracture/• http://www.epa.gov/hydraulicfracture/• http://www.thegatewaypundit.com/2012/05/obama-administration-to-pass-new- laws-to-limit-fracking-obama-kills-more-jobs/

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