Rough gude to Sardinia: Cagliari - Pula - Chia [Travel Guide]


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Rough Guide Cagliari-Pula-Chia: general info, restaurants, beaches, places to visit, details on food specialities and local drinks.

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Rough gude to Sardinia: Cagliari - Pula - Chia [Travel Guide]

  1. 1. SARDINIA„In Italy you won’t find what you find in Sardinia and in Sardinia you won’t find what you find inItaly“ that wrote the natural scientist and Jesuit monk Francesco Cetti during a visit at the end ofthe 18th century .Sardinia, that means respect for the traditions which are deeply laid down in the minds of thepeople and they are living them day by day. This means passionate resistance against everyinvasion as a result of an ancient and constant fight against the ambitious MediterraneanEmpires who wanted to enlarge their territories. During the course of the history the Sardinianshad only few contact with the sea. Their history and their activities developed in the interior partof the country where they retired in order to escape from the coasts that were occupied by theinvaders and conquerors. There they developed a civilisation which is firmly connected with themountains and plains as well as the meadows. The origins of the Sardinian economy lay in theanimal breeding (especially sheep) and agriculture.Sardinia has a lot to offer! Most peoples visit the second biggest island in the Mediterranean seabecause of it’s 1.850 km long coast line and the crystal clear seawater that gleams in all facets ofgreen, blue and turquoise. In fact, the water around Sardinia is among the cleanest in wholeMediterranean basin.On the other hand there is a lot of history to discover: thousands of years old archaeological sitesare testimonies of the strategic and geographic importance of Sardinia and the peoples whosettled on it. Starting with the prehistoric tombs caved in the rocks – Domus de Janas, followedby the “nuraghe” buildings which are unique in Sardinia and the most monumental andastonishing buildings of the ancient history after the pyramids – giant tombs, sacred wellscontinuing with Phoenician-Punic-Roman trade centres and commercial cities – Paleo-Christianchurches, Medieval abundance and richness and the Spanish occupation as well as the modernlive of today.Centuries old traditions, wild, uncontaminated nature, intact landscapes give Sardinia a strongtaste of originality – get enchanted by the magic of the island!Also discover the interior of the country the landscapes where olive trees grow on granite rocksand longhair sheep graze the highland meadows around the villages of the mountains. Feasts in Sardinia beaches of SardiniaFeatured by Charming Sardinia tel.: +39 070 513 489 fax: +39 070 554 964 E-Mail:
  2. 2. GEOGRAPHIC ASPECTSSardinia is situated almost in the centre of the Mediterranean Sea. It has a surface of almost24‘090 km2 and is therefore the second biggest island of Italy and the whole Mediterranean Sea.It’s about 3 times Corsica and 7 times Mallorca. The rhomboidal shape of the island explains thename that it was given by the Greek Ichnusa (Icnos = trace footprint) and Sandaliotis (sandal).The Roman name Sardinae is supposed to result from the legendary Sardus son of Hercules,who is supposed to have brought a group of Libyans to the island.Sardinia has a lot of space and landscape but the population is rather few with only 1.7 millioninhabitants. 17% are occupied with sheep breeding and agriculture which is the double of theEuropean average. In Sardinia there are about the double of sheep rather than inhabitants!Sardinia is mostly hilly, the biggest mountain massif is the Supramonte – Gennargentu in thecentre of the island. The highest summit is Punta La Marmora with 1‘834 m. Nevertheless themountain chains seem very majestic because of their bizarre granite rocks looming up to the sky.The steep cliffs of the mountains that end in the sea on the West and East coast, the fertileplains, of the West or the fjords in the North are typical imagines of this very individual island.The short rivers which deserve their name only in spring during the melting of the snow and therain period. After short flooding periods most of them dry out in summer. The biggest river is theTirso. It has its source in the mountains close to Buddusò and leads to the Golf of Oristano. Theonly navigable river is the Temo which passes through Bosa. When the river deltas were driedout in order to extinguish the marshland because it was dominated by malaria flies which transmitthe malaria disease until the 1950’s, the water was blocked and accumulated at the beginning ofmany rivers. In this way small lakes were created like the Lago Omodeo (not far from the Tirso),the Lago Coghinas etc. In the rivers there can be found eels, trouts and mullets.Sheep breading and minery have a long tradition in Sardinia. Coal, iron, lead, zinc, copper andsilver were mined. Lead and zinc mineries were founded as well as petrol refineries, chemicaland textile works. In the Gallura, in the North-East of Sardinia, there are many granite caves andalso the cork production and elaboration is an important economic branch. Another good is seasalt from the Salinas of Cagliari for example which has been traded since ancient times. ButSardinia is also famous for wine- and olive-oil production.Sardinia has about 64‘000 acres forest territory with mostly cork oaks which are the origin of thisbranch. Sardinia for a long time was leader in the cork production until it was passed by Portugaland Spain.Featured by Charming Sardinia tel.: +39 070 513 489 fax: +39 070 554 964 E-Mail:
  3. 3. HISTORYIn order to understand Sardinia better we would like to introduce you to Sardinian history.Sardinia never “made” history but Sardinia had always to stand it.Some parts of Sardinia are 600 million years old. The island has situated in its today’s position for65 million years. Geologically it is one of the oldest territories of Europe, older than Italy, and hasbeen inhabited for about 10.000 – 8.000 yearsThe Sardinian people of the prehistory lived in villages with huts or pile dwellings, in grottos alongthe lagoons or in megalithic fortresses (nuraghs). Their religion consisted in the symbols of lifeand fertility. They worshiped the mother goddess and the bull deity, did the death cult and buriedtheir death in tombs caved in the rock which were called “Domus de Janas” – fairy tombs.From the year 2.200 – 1.800 B.C. other peoples of the East arrived in Sardinia, spread over thewhole island and constructed buildings megalithic style, that means with big stone blocks, onheights, on the promontories or at the valley’s ends. From this nuraghe civilisation there are stilltoday 7’000 nuraghe ruins on the island. The nuraghe people worshiped the water cult with theirsacred wells “pozzo sacro” and venerated their ancestors with the “giant tombs” by offeringthem bronze figures. archaeological monuments historical monumentsFeatured by Charming Sardinia tel.: +39 070 513 489 fax: +39 070 554 964 E-Mail:
  4. 4. Featured by Charming Sardinia tel.: +39 070 513 489 fax: +39 070 554 964 E-Mail:
  5. 5. CAGLIARI The main town of Sardinia is one of the oldest cities in Europe. The area around Cagliari has been settled for at least 3.000 years. The Phoenicians who came around the year 1.000 – 900 B.C. to Sardinia and established commercial places and storage houses had their centre on the Laguna S. Gilla where today the airport is situated. When Carthage in the 6th century B.C. achieved more commercial and political importance than their homeland also the Phoenician places on Sardinia became Carthaginian colonies.„Karalis“ was nominated for the first time as a city foundation and the settlement enlarged slowlyfrom along the today’s viale Trieste in direction to via Roma. 239 B.C. when the Punic lost thewar against the Romans Sardinia became a Roman colony.During the Roman domination the city centre run from Piazza del Carmine to via Regina Elena.Especially in the Marina quarter testimonies of the Roman period were found. After thedecadence of the Roman Empire in 455 A.C. for 80 years Sardinia came under the domination ofthe Vandals which lasted about 80 years.Until the year 800 A.C. the island suffered from the incursions and attacks of Sarazenes, piratesand Arabs. During the domination of Emperor Justitian I. Sardinia was brought back to the EastRoman Empire. The island together with Corsica and the Balearic islands was part of the dioceseAfrica which was part of the Byzantine Empire. Because of the distance to Byzance theconnection between them was rather weak. Therefore Sardinia was able to develop a kind ofindependence und the island was divided in four parts. These areas were called “Giudicati”.Every area was governed by a “judge” who had the entire might.However, the judges were not able to stop the invasions of the Arabs and when in 1014 theArabian fleet appeared in front of the Sardinian coast the Marine Republics Genoa and Pisacame to help the Sardinian people. Once they drove the Arabs away they settled on Sardinia: theGenoese in the North and the peoples from Pisa in the South and an important exchange ofknowledge, methods, handcraft took place. Sardinia was living a prosperous period of commerceand trade.On the limestone hill which overlooks the Gulf of Cagliari called “Angel’s Gulf”, the peoples ofPisa built a fortress “The Castello”. On the Castello hill in the Castello quarter all the importantpublic offices were located. It was the religious, economic al and political seat of Cagliari until 100years ago.Featured by Charming Sardinia tel.: +39 070 513 489 fax: +39 070 554 964 E-Mail:
  6. 6. CAGLIARIIn 1323 the Aragonese army conquered Cagliari and so slowly the whole island. They introduceda feudal system and the island and the local inhabitants were exploited and hat no civil rights. In1708 after the Spanish heritage war Cagliari was assigned to the Habsburg court and becameAustrian. In 1717 the Spanish tried again to re-conquer the Sardinian main town. In 1718 theywere forced to leave it to the Savoyan court but they assured their privileges until 1836.The economic and social problems which had appeared in 400 years of Spanish reign remainedunresolved until 1836 when the feudal system was abolished.In 1861 Italy was united thanks to the efforts of Giuseppe Garibaldi and Sardinia became Italian.All that conquerors left traces in the main town of the island therefore one can find Phoenician-Punic-Roman testimonies as well as Byzantine, Romanic-Pisan, Gothic-Catalan and PiemonteseBarock. A visit of Cagliari means also to get in touch with the various epochs of the Sardinianhistory.Featured by Charming Sardinia tel.: +39 070 513 489 fax: +39 070 554 964 E-Mail:
  7. 7. SOUTH COAST – PULA AND SANTA MARGHERITA DI PULAIN GENERALThe small town Pula is situated 35 km away from Cagliari and has about 6’500 inhabitants. It wasfounded in the 10th century B.C. not far from the ancient Phoenician-Punic-Roman trade cityNora. At Nora you can admire the interesting ruins still today.In the centre of Pula the archaeological museum is situated where findings of the excavation ofNora are exhibited. The most interesting pieces, however, can be admired in the ArchaeologicalNational Museum of Cagliari.The main economic activities are tourism and agriculture. A part of the Sulcis mountains whichcover the South West of Sardinia belong to the area of Pula as well as the National ForestPixinamanna north of Pula where the intense green of the “Machia Mediterranea“ (Mediterraneanvegetation) changes with the red of the impressive summits of the granite mountains.Besides of the sea and beaches there is a variety of other natural places to discover and enjoy!Featured by Charming Sardinia tel.: +39 070 513 489 fax: +39 070 554 964 E-Mail:
  8. 8. SOUTH COAST – PULA AND SANTA MARGHERITA DI PULABEACHESSanta Margherita di Pula is the Name of the area south west of Pula. There are a series of hotelsand (private) holiday houses. Many of the beaches of Santa Margherita di Pula are private.Therefore, but also because of the marvellous natural setting, it is recommendable to drive toChia.It is well known that the beaches and dunes of Chia are enchanting. There are also many saltwater lagoons where you can watch flamingos at certain times of the day. Along the Sardiniancoast you can see Guardian towers of the Spanish period. The Spanish King let them built in the17th century in order to facilitate the surveying of the Sardinian coasts and – in case of enemyapproach – to inform as fast as possible the next military camp.LEISUREDuring summer time in the Roman amphitheatre of Nora or in the pittoresk Village of Pula thereare lectures of poetries and small concerts. One well known is „la notte dei poeti“.Featured by Charming Sardinia tel.: +39 070 513 489 fax: +39 070 554 964 E-Mail:
  9. 9. SOUTH COAST – PULA AND SANTA MARGHERITA DI PULAThe grotto „Is Zuddas“ near by Santadi. Unique concretions of minerals and crystals upto 600 million years old!FEATS & TRADITIONSIn Sardinia traditions are an important part of the daily life. There are many folklore activitiesduring which the population like fishermen, shepherds and farmers pass the ancient informationand knowledge of the local beliefs and uses. Guests are always welcome on Sardinian feastsand so old traditions, history, hospitality and the pleasure of staying in company melt togetherand every participant will enjoy himself. The most famous and biggest feast in Sardinia is Sant Efisius which takes place every year in Cagliari from 1st to 4th May in honour of the Sardinian Saint patron. The wooden statue of the Saint is carried from its church in Cagliari to its church in Nora where the martyr S. Efisio was executed in 303 A.C. This means – 35 km by foot! The celebration though Cagliari is especially picturesque and many folklore groups in their costumes come to Cagliari from everywhere in Sardinia and you can watch lovely and carefully decorated ox-carts and horses with flowers.Featured by Charming Sardinia tel.: +39 070 513 489 fax: +39 070 554 964 E-Mail:
  10. 10. SOUTH COAST – PULA AND SANTA MARGHERITA DI PULA- In June the harvest feast of the figs takes place in Domus de Maria. Especially Chia is famousfor its figs.- In August the hunting feast of the boar takes place again in Domus de Maria. There are manyboars in the forests of Sardinia.- Again in August the “Mauritanian Wedding” takes place in Santadi.Shopping in PulaThe main street is Corso Vittorio Emanuele which leads to the “Piazza del Popolo”. Along themain street there can be found the archaeological museum, the town hall (municipio),pharmacies, cafeterias and of course – shops.More shops, bars, pizzerias, restaurants around Piazza del Popolo but also in the surroundingsof Pula. There are several supermarkets, one for example is in viale Europa.Our hotels suggested are:Forte Village Resort Suite – S. Margherita di Pula del Parco & Spa – Forte Village Resort – S. Margherita di Pula Molas Golf Hotel – Pula by Charming Sardinia tel.: +39 070 513 489 fax: +39 070 554 964 E-Mail:
  11. 11. SOUTH COAST – PULA AND SANTA MARGHERITA DI PULAGASTRONOMYCorte Noa Restaurant-Pizzeria-Disco – along the main road S.S. 195 Km 32’300 (Località SantaMargherita di Pula), in July, August on Thursday, Friday, Saturday and Sunday discotheque.I giardini di Alice, Restaurant–Pizzeria with dancing, Pula KM 28 SS 195, phonen° 070 9209104Bars and Restaurants in Pula / Nora- Irish Pub – Via XXIV Maggio 9- Bar Su Nuraghe – Piazza del Popolo 57- Bar LIncontro – Piazza del Popolo- Bar Cocktail – Via Nora 92- Restaurant-Pizzeria Le Terme di Nora – Viale Nora- Restaurant Su Guventeddu – Località Su Guventeddu- Restaurant I Millenari – Località Sa Perda Fitta- Restaurant Sa Macinera – Via Nora 68- Restaurant Il Buongustaio – Via Porrino 36- Restaurant-Pizzeria Eleonora – Via Nora 37 along the main road SS 195Restaurants in S. Margherita- Restaurant Su Talleri – S.S. 195 Km 32.000 (Località Peddana) – fish specialities (not far fromthe Corte Noa bar, pizzeria, dancing)- Restaurant-Pizzeria La Quercia - S.S. 195 Km 41.200 (Località Santa Margherita)- Restaurant-Pizzeria Sa Launedda - S.S. 195 Km 34.700 (Località Santa Margherita)You can get more information from your Charming Sardinia Team or at the hotel reception.NIGHTLIFESa Launedda Restaurant and Disco SS195 KM 34.70Tsunami Disco SS195 KM 30,00Featured by Charming Sardinia tel.: +39 070 513 489 fax: +39 070 554 964 E-Mail:
  12. 12. CHIAChia is an area which became famous mainly because of its beautiful beaches and dunes. FromCapo Spartivento North Africa is only 180 km away. The area is especially known by windsurfers.In Chia there are many holiday houses which are used only during summer. It ist administratedby the town of Domus de Maria which is situated about 10 km away from the coast on thecountryside.GASTRONOMYIf you follow the road to Chia after having taken the deviation from the main road SS 195 you’llarrive at the restaurant MIRAGE, Viale del Porto 10, phone n° 070 923 0249After about 500 m on the same road there is the bar and supermarket Mongittu. There is also thedeviation to Torre Chia and the Guardian tower is there is a Restaurant-Pizzeria which is openonly in high season, phone n° 070 923 0054The beach restaurant of the hotel Le Merdien Chia Laguna is also open for clients who don’t stayin the hotel. DUNE DI CAMPANA, Loc. Chia, phone n° 070 923 0158In the Chia Village Centre is a Restaurant-Pizzeria IL CHIOSTRO, phone n° 070 923 0334RAINBOW PUB – Ristorante-Pizzeria, via Isonzo 3/b, phone n° 070 923 6363Restaurant CRARE E LUNA for fish specialities, viale Chia, Loc. Spartivento,phone n° 070 9230056.NIGHTlFEBaia Chia Disco & Cafè in ChiaOur suggested hotel of is:Hotel Aquadulci – Chia by Charming Sardinia tel.: +39 070 513 489 fax: +39 070 554 964 E-Mail:
  13. 13. GENERAL INFORMATIONBus Public busses are more frequent during the main season (June – September).Car rental Charming Sardinia will helps you with renting a car. Please follow this link In case of emergency the hotel reception calls a doctor at any time. Important: You will have to pay right away for every visit. Please keep the receipt in order to get refunded by your insurance.Drinking water Water is very precious in Sardinia. Water from the tap generally is clean, if not indicated differently. However, we recommend to use bottled water for drinking. There is “frizzante/con gas“ (sparkling) or “naturale/senza gas“ without carbonic acid.Golf 18-hole-camp Is Molas Golf Club in S. Margherita di Pula is international knownHorseback Horseback riding and scuba diving places are possible in the surrounding.Riding / Diving The hotels or the Charming Sadinia team will give you more information.Markets Typical Italian markets where you can get fruit, vegetables, fish, cheese but also clothes, shoes, leather articles, household and handcraft articles. They take place from 8 a.m. to 1 p.m.: Tuesday Pula – around the sport camp Wednesday Quartu S. Elena – in Via San Benedetto (food & cloths) Sunday Cagliari – Flee market daily Cagliari – “Mercato San Benedetto“ (food)Post office «Ufficio Postale» in Pula – in Via Monte Santo or Via San Giovanni General opening hours: Monday to Saturday from 08.30 – 13.00h Kosten für Briefe und Postkarten 0.65 EuroPrecious objects Cash, cheques, jewellery and other precious objects can be deposited in the hotel safe or in your room safe. No hotel is responsible if precious objects are stolen from your hotel room.Shopping Usually the shops are open as follows: Morning 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. Evening 5 p.m. to 8 p.m. and in tourist areas during high season shops are often open from 6 p.m. until midnight.Souvenirs Baskets, products of cork, wooden sculptures or caved patterns on furniture, ceramics, hand-woven Sardinian carpets, embroidery, golden jewellery and leather articles. Sardinian wines are among the best in Italy. The Romans called Sardinia “a swimming vineyard”. You can find good Sardinian wines in every supermarket.Featured by Charming Sardinia tel.: +39 070 513 489 fax: +39 070 554 964 E-Mail:
  14. 14. GENERAL INFORMATIONSport On the beach in Chia you find some surf or scuba centre. It is also a very nice area to bike and hike.Tips Normally tip is included. However, every employee of the hotel will be pleased about a further recognition. In the restaurants, if not especially indicated, tips are not included and you are expected to give about 10% of the amount of the bill.Traffic rules It’s compulsory to fasten the seat belt. Speed limit is 50 km/h within cities. There are no highways in Sardinia. The speed limit on the “superstradas = SS” the fast roads is 90 km/h. Drive carefully and defensive, Italian drivers can hardly be previewed. Always be aware of animals (sheep, goats, cows, etc.) on the road, especially in the mountain regions. Keeping animals in stables is not very common in Sardinia. In the case you may have an accident please always call “Polizia” or “Carabinieri” and fill out the accident report “CID”. Your rent car is insured therefore you can’t do without the damage report. Please note the no-claims bonus. We ask you kindly to inform the Charming Sardinia Team. Sardinian handmade productsFeatured by Charming Sardinia tel.: +39 070 513 489 fax: +39 070 554 964 E-Mail:
  15. 15. SARDINIAN SPECIALITIESCarta da Musica very thin flat breadPane Frattau Carta di Musica with tomato sauce and fried eggsZuppa Gallurese a kind of “Lasagne” bread with broth baked in the ovenGnocchetti Sardi small noodle “Gnochetti” wit tomato sauce and pieces of meatRavioli alla Ricotta Ravioli filled with a fresh cooked cheesePorcetto suckling pig (about 6kg)Capretto small goatAgnello LambOrata, Spigola, Cernia, Dentice, gilthead, sea brass, brass, dentex,Pagello, Triglie, Ricciola, Sarago red sea bream, red mullet, other local fishAragosta Spiny lobsterArselle Venus clams (white)Vongole small Venus clamsCozze black musselsBottarga Dried fish eggs which are served with spaghetti or with celery as starter.Pinzimonio Raw vegetables consisting in tomatoes, celery, radishes, carrots served with a dip from olive oil, lemon juice and salt.Seadas Sweet dessert: “pastry bag” foiled with fresh Pecorino cheese, fried and served with a spoon of honey or sugar on top.Featured by Charming Sardinia tel.: +39 070 513 489 fax: +39 070 554 964 E-Mail:
  16. 16. LOCAL DRINKSDry white wines Torbato, Cala Viola, Terre Bianche, Funtanaliras, Vermentino, Seleme, Giogantinu, Ladas und Balari lightly sparklingDry red wines Thaora, Rosé di Alghero, Filieri rosatoRed wines Cannonau, Monica, Tanca Farra, Filieri, Terre Brune, Santa Cristana Abbaia, NepenteAs an aperitif you may have “spumante“ or “frizzante“ which is a dry sparkling white wine.Vernaccia is a kind of dry Port wine as aperitif or the sweet “moscato” and among the dessertwines there is “Malvasia di Bosa” or “Malvasia di Alghero” which is a kind of “Vin Santo” sweetwhite wine for after meals, ideal digestive.The most produced liqueur of the island is the “Mirto”, red (berries) or white (leaves) made fromthe myrtle bush.The famous “Filu e Ferru“ is another “effective” digestive. It’s the Sardinian grappa which is verystrong. “Fil de Ferru” means a peace of wire. „Mallureddus“ and „Culurgiones“ typical Sardinian pasta „Dolci Sardi“ Sardinian sweets Variety of Sardinian cheese, dry sausage, typical bread and wine grilled suckling pig – the traditional main courseFeatured by Charming Sardinia tel.: +39 070 513 489 fax: +39 070 554 964 E-Mail:
  17. 17. Looking forward and interested coming to Sardinia, spend some beautiful and unforgettableholidays on this wonderful island?Book here and now with , your online specialist for luxury holidays inSardinia.We are pleased to give you more information or further particulars, kindly contact us general office opening hours are from Monday to Friday from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. OFFICE Royal Travel Jet Sardegna S.r.l. Via S. Tommaso D’Aquino 18 09134 Cagliari – Italy tel.: +39 070 513 489 fax: +39 070 554 964Featured by Charming Sardinia tel.: +39 070 513 489 fax: +39 070 554 964 E-Mail: