Substance abuse

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Drugs are a major constraints in our community targeting adults and young people. Substance abuse education is vital to teach the society of the danger of all the types of drugs that are out there.

this slide serves the purpose of teaching people and making them aware. It defines what is substance abuse, the types of drugs and their examples, how it affects the neurotransmitters, the effects that drugs have on our body and mind.

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  • Substance abuse/drug abuse is not limited to mood-altering or psycho-active drugs. If an activity is performed using the objects against the rules and policies of the matter (as in steroids for performance enhancement in sports), it is also called substance abuse. Therefore, mood-altering and psychoactive substances are not the only types of drugs abused
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  • Substance abuse

    1. 1. SUBSTANCE ABUSE • (MASHUP OF SLIDES) SECONDARY SOURCED BY CHARMAINE
    2. 2. SUBSTANCE ABUSE • Substance abuse is significant problem for the society and healthcare system all over the world . • Substance abuse is a patterned use of a substance (drug) in which the user consumes the substance in amounts or with methods neither approved nor supervised by medical professionals
    3. 3. Why do people abuse drugs? Biopsychosocial Theory
    4. 4. Common Properties of Addiction • • • • Physical dependence Tolerance Withdrawal symptoms Drug rebound effect
    5. 5. Dependence • A state of physiological and/or psychological need to take more of a substance after continued use. • Withdrawal follows if the drug is discontinued
    6. 6. Tolerance • Reduced responsiveness to a drug, prompting the user to increase the dosage to achieve effects previously obtained by lower doses of the drug
    7. 7. Tolerance
    8. 8. Withdrawal • The discomfort and distress that follow when a person who is dependent on a drug discontinues the use of the drug • Withdrawal symptoms are usually the opposite of the drug’s effects – Drug Rebound Effect
    9. 9. Drug Classifications
    10. 10. Depressants • Drugs that reduce neural activity and slow body functioning • Includes alcohol and sedatives
    11. 11. •Alcohol •Barbiturates •Tranquilizers •Ambien •Rohypnol (Roofies)
    12. 12. Stimulants • Drugs that excite neural activity and speed up body functions • Include: caffeine, nicotine, amphetamines, and cocaine • All are at least mildly addictive.
    13. 13. •Caffeine •Nicotine •Cocaine •Amphetamines •Bath salts
    14. 14. Alcohol (ethyl alcohol) • Found in beer, wine, and liquor • The second most used psychoactive drug (caffeine first) • Slows thinking, and impairs physical activity
    15. 15. Hallucinogens/Psychedelic Drugs • Drugs that distort perceptions and evoke sensory images in the absence of sensory input • Include: LSD, Mescaline and Marijuana
    16. 16. •Marijuana (mild) •Mushrooms •LSD •Spice/K2/Synthetic Marijuana
    17. 17. Opiates/Narcotics • Drugs that depress neural activity, temporarily lessen pain and anxiety and produce feelings of euphoria • Include: opium, morphine, and heroin
    18. 18. • Morphine • Heroin •Oxycontin • Percoset •Vicodin/hydrocodone
    19. 19. How is it used? INJECTED SMOKED SNORTED
    20. 20. Drugs and Neurotransmission
    21. 21. Neurotransmission • The process whereby neurons communicate with each other • Neurotransmission, especially in the brain and spinal cord, helps explain the effects of psychoactive drugs. • Psychoactive drugs interfere with normal neurotransmission.
    22. 22. Neurotransmitters • Chemical messengers that cross synaptic gaps between neurons • When released by the sending neuron, neurotransmitters travel across the synapse and bind to receptor sites on the receiving neuron, setting up the next link in the chain of communication.
    23. 23. Neural Activity
    24. 24. An overview of normal signalling by neurotransmitter
    25. 25. How Cocaine Works
    26. 26. EFFECTS OF DRUGS IN OUR BRAIN AND BODY
    27. 27. IT RUINS OUR PHYSICAL APPEARANCE
    28. 28. Alcohol’s Affect on the Brain Alcoholism shrinks the brain
    29. 29. SHORT TERM • • • • • • Sensory distortion Panic Anxiety Poor coordination of movement Lowered reaction time After an initial “up,” the user feels sleepy or depressed • Increased heartbeat (and risk of heart attack)
    30. 30. Bones will mature early, growth can be stunted, can cause sever acne, increased cholesterol, rapid weight gain, liver damage, kidney tumors, heart disease and heart attacks.
    31. 31. Feeling of paranoia, panic attacks, depression, anxiety and even suicidal thoughts
    32. 32. • • • • • • • • • Physical Effects of Chronic Drinking Peripheral neuropathy Alcoholic cardiomiopathy Esophagitis Gastritis Pancreatitis Hepatitis Cirrhosis Leukopenia Thrombocytopenia
    33. 33. WHY? What is wrong with being YOUNG?
    34. 34. There are many difficult physical and emotional changes that take place when young people move from childhood to the teenage years, a period often called adolescence. This is generally the critical time when most young people begin experimenting with drugs.
    35. 35. RESIST! AND SAY NO!
    36. 36. “Get High with GOD; Not with Drugs.”
    37. 37. Reference list  Dr Manasia. 1 month. Substance – related disorders  Trikochi. 2011. drug education  Scott25gp. 2013. illegal drugs  University of Miami, 2012, substance abuse  Gosrani, P. 6 months. Addictive and Psychotropic drugs

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