Preparing Multiculturally
Competent School Counselors

Charlette Taylor
Katrina Brooks
Terminology
 Race – originally used to categorize people on the basis of

skin color. Currently race is a social construc...
What is
Multicultural
Competence?
Definition
Cultural competence is having an awareness of
one’s own cultural identity and views about
difference, and the a...
Multicultural Counseling
Competence and Training
Survey- Revised (School
Pedersen’s (1994) Cultural Competence
Model

Skills
Knowledge
Awareness
Pedersen’s (1994) Cultural Competence
Model
Awareness: awareness of own attitudes, biases, and
assumptions about human beh...
Mason et al. (1996) Cultural Competence Model
1. Cultural destructiveness – acknowledgement of differences is
refused
2. C...
Why do we need multiculturally competent
counselors?
 To demonstrate multicultural, ethical and professional

competencie...
Ways School Counselors Can Increase
Multicultural Competence
 Begin by examining your awareness, biases, beliefs, and

as...
Multicultural Group Exercise
1.Determine the nature of the dilemma.
2.How do you assess the scenario through your own

cul...
How will you know
when you’re
multiculturally
competent?
Preparing multiculturally competent school counselors
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Preparing multiculturally competent school counselors

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  • Brief background of who we are:
    Doctoral students
    Certified school counselors
    Current employment
    Why this topic?
  • I like to think of these as “sight words”.
    You know…words you see & understand their meaning, but when someone asks you to define them, you tend to use examples.
    Race
    Ethnicity
    Culture
    Competence
  • Pose question to the group: What’s your definition of multicultural competence?
    If you were to look up a definition for m/c comp. you would find many different versions.
    There’s non one definition of cultural competence.
    Here are 2 that we liked.
  • Dr. Carter G. Woodson introduced the concept of cultural competence back in 1927 when created the society for the study of negro culture and life.
    1986, Dr. Gary Weaver used the image of an iceberg to better explain the concept of culture.
    Top:
    Changes as its affected by its environment
    Easily observed
    Easy to identify
    Below: Gives a whole new meaning to the question, “What lies beneath?”
    9/10 hidden from view
    Slow to change—less affected by its environment
    Large part of an individual
  • 3 Dimensions: Each domain builds successively on the previous one, such that mastery of an earlier domain is necessary before proceeding to the next domain.
  • Pose question to the group: What stereotypes, perceptions, and beliefs do we hold about culturally diverse groups that may hinder our ability to form a helpful and effective relationship with students and families?
  • 1st bullet: discuss ASCA School Counselor Competencies reference to multiculturalism
  • How would one go about achieving these?
    Any experiences you want to share?
  • This is an individualist path and no one person may have the same experience.
  • Preparing multiculturally competent school counselors

    1. 1. Preparing Multiculturally Competent School Counselors Charlette Taylor Katrina Brooks
    2. 2. Terminology  Race – originally used to categorize people on the basis of skin color. Currently race is a social construction that addresses social and political dynamics that subordinate non-White groups.  Ethnicity – refers to groups that share cultural heritage, as well as political and economic interests, nationality, and language.  Culture – ways of living developed by a group of human beings to meet their needs. Often includes patterns of thought, behavior, communication, customs, values and beliefs.  Competence – implies having the capacity to function effectively.
    3. 3. What is Multicultural Competence?
    4. 4. Definition Cultural competence is having an awareness of one’s own cultural identity and views about difference, and the ability to learn and build on the varying cultural and community norms of students and their families (National Education Association). Cultural competence is a developmental process that evolves over an extended period. Both individuals and organizations are at various levels of awareness, knowledge, and skills along the cultural continuum. (National Center for Cultural Competence)
    5. 5. Multicultural Counseling Competence and Training Survey- Revised (School
    6. 6. Pedersen’s (1994) Cultural Competence Model Skills Knowledge Awareness
    7. 7. Pedersen’s (1994) Cultural Competence Model Awareness: awareness of own attitudes, biases, and assumptions about human behavior as well as the sociopolitical issues that confront culturally different individuals Knowledge: accumulation of factual information about different cultural groups. Acquire knowledge and understanding of the worldview of culturally diverse individuals and groups. Skills: integration of awareness and knowledge competencies to develop appropriate and effective helping, teaching, communication, and intervention strategies with culturally diverse groups and individuals.
    8. 8. Mason et al. (1996) Cultural Competence Model 1. Cultural destructiveness – acknowledgement of differences is refused 2. Cultural incapacity – differences are widely ignored 3. Cultural blindness – cultural differences are not viewed as important 4. Cultural pre-competence – the need for cultural competence is recognized 5. Cultural competence – differences are acknowledged and students’ cultural experiences are valued and integrated into learning experiences
    9. 9. Why do we need multiculturally competent counselors?  To demonstrate multicultural, ethical and professional competencies in planning, organizing, implementing and evaluating the comprehensive school counseling program  To meet the needs of students from various cultural backgrounds  To close achievement gaps between students of different cultures  To increase representation of students in Gifted and Talented, Advanced Placement, and accelerated courses.
    10. 10. Ways School Counselors Can Increase Multicultural Competence  Begin by examining your awareness, biases, beliefs, and assumptions about human behavior.  Examine your own cultural or ethnic background and experiences  Read literature written by ethnic minority authors or about ethnic cultures  Become familiar with and stay abreast of multicultural education literature  Actively participate and engage in activities that enhance multicultural sensitivity  Attend workshops, conferences, and other professional development events that focus on multicultural issues
    11. 11. Multicultural Group Exercise 1.Determine the nature of the dilemma. 2.How do you assess the scenario through your own cultural lens? 3.Determine a course of action. 4.In what ways did the scenario challenge your multicultural competence?
    12. 12. How will you know when you’re multiculturally competent?

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