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Design for replacement of non recylable materials


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Assignment for the course 'Design for X'

Published in: Design
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Design for replacement of non recylable materials

  1. 1. Design for the replacement of Non Recyclable Materials Ganesh N MDS14M011 Charles Bronson MDS14M003
  2. 2. Non-Recyclable Materials Recycling - Process to change waste materials into new products to reduce waste, energy usage, pollution etc., Some materials due to several reasons follow this cycle. Such materials are called Non Recyclable Materials Recycling Flow Chart Non Recycling Flow Chart
  3. 3. Impact of Non Recyclable Materials Great Pacific Garbage Patch 7,00,000 square kilometres(about twice size of Rajasthan) to more than 1,50,00,000 square kilometres(0.41% to 8.1% of the size of the Pacific Ocean) Other Impacts *Secondary impacts on health of humans, economic losses
  4. 4. Non Recyclable Materials
  5. 5. Replacement of Non-Recyclable Plastics * Replacing plastic bottles with biodegradable paper bottles (made from bamboo) * An internal micro-thin film provides the liquid / air barrier. * Replacing plastic plates with plates made of leaves (Palm/Areca) * Replacement of plastic straws with paper straws. Quick Fact: Around 40-50% of plastics are recycled in India
  6. 6. Replacement of Non-Recyclable Packaging Styrofoam/ Expanded Polystyrene – predominantly used as packaging material. But it’s highly toxic and non biodegradable, non sustainable. Replacing using MycoBond * Made of biodegradable materials * Made of husks, fungus(mushroom), woody biomass Quick Fact: Around 95-98% of Styrofoam is air
  7. 7. Replacement of Aluminium Foil * Aluminium foils are used to cover food. * Though Aluminium is highly recyclable, Al foil is not accepted by many recycling centres as it contaminates the recycling process (due to the food waste attached) • Replacing Aluminium foil in food industry using parchment paper •Parchment paper are cellulose-based papers – used as disposable non-stick surface • It’s compostable and 100% recyclable. • It is reusable
  8. 8. Replacement of Plastic Bags Plastic bags have a recycling rate of about 1%, so it can be considered as non recyclable Plastic bags can be replaced with bags made of corn starch based polymer (composites) They are 100% compostable It takes same time to compost as that of dry leaf * Adding addictives like prodegradant concentrates (PDCs) makes it biodegradable
  9. 9. Coating of Cardboard boxes Though Cardboard boxes are recyclable, soiled boxes are not as they contaminate the recycling process. Coating the cardboard box with non sticky substance makes it possible to recycle it later. Using bee wax, soya wax and natural rubber latex as binder - applied to box Makes it hydrophobic. Quick Fact: Irresponsible contamination costs 600 million dollar annually
  10. 10. Thank You Recycle and help conserve the environment!