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Constructive news framing of the European migration

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For my master's thesis, I investigated the news frames present in constructive news stories on the European migration.

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Constructive news framing of the European migration

  1. 1. CONSTRUCTIVE NEWS FRAMING OF THE EUROPEAN MIGRATION CHARED Q. BALLO-VERSCHUUR MA THESIS DEFENSE | FEB. 14, 2019 UPOU, LOS BANOS, LAGUNA, PHILIPPINES
  2. 2. CONSTRUCTIVE NEWS FRAMING OF THE EUROPEAN MIGRATION FOCUS OF RESEARCH ‣ constructive news frames used in reporting the European migration of 2015
  3. 3. CONSTRUCTIVE NEWS FRAMING OF THE EUROPEAN MIGRATION SOCIAL IMPACT ‣ frames and elements support journalists/ communicators in their work ‣ balanced reporting = balanced view of the world ‣ constructive news: growth - helplessness = empowerment
  4. 4. BACKGROUND OF STUDY Constructive news framing of the European migration
  5. 5. CONSTRUCTIVE NEWS FRAMING OF THE EUROPEAN MIGRATION TWO SIDES OF THE NEWS Helpless Helpful
  6. 6. CONSTRUCTIVE JOURNALISM RECOGNIZES THAT FAULTS, FAILURE, AND ABUSE EXIST IN THE WORLD; HOWEVER, IT MAINTAINS THAT SIMULTANEOUSLY, THERE IS ALWAYS DEVELOPMENT, GROWTH, AND OPPORTUNITY. Gyldensted, 2011 CONSTRUCTIVE NEWS FRAMING OF THE EUROPEAN MIGRATION
  7. 7. RIGOROUS, COMPELLING REPORTING THAT INCLUDES POSITIVE AND SOLUTION-FOCUSED ELEMENTS IN ORDER TO EMPOWER AUDIENCES AND PRESENT A FULLER PICTURE OF THE TRUTH, WHILE UPHOLDING JOURNALISM’S CORE FUNCTIONS AND ETHICS. Constructive Journalism Project CONSTRUCTIVE NEWS FRAMING OF THE EUROPEAN MIGRATION
  8. 8. RESEARCH PROBLEM Constructive news framing of the European migration
  9. 9. CONSTRUCTIVE NEWS FRAMING OF THE EUROPEAN MIGRATION WHAT JOURNALISTIC FRAMES ARE PRESENT IN CONSTRUCTIVE NEWS REPORTS ON EUROPEAN MIGRATION? SUB-QUESTIONS: ‣ How is constructive news on European migration structured? ‣ How do constructive journalism practitioners generate these frames on European migration news? ‣ What constructive journalistic frames are most present in constructive news reports on European migration? ‣ What constructive journalistic frames are least present in constructive news reports on European migration? ‣ What other constructive journalistic frames on European migration can be explored?
  10. 10. OBJECTIVES OF STUDY Constructive news framing of the European migration
  11. 11. CONSTRUCTIVE NEWS FRAMING OF THE EUROPEAN MIGRATION THE STUDY AIMED TO ‣ explore constructive journalism application, ‣ identify journalistic frames, ‣ discover frame choices by constructive journalists, and ‣ describe the structure of constructive news.
  12. 12. SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY Constructive news framing of the European migration
  13. 13. JOURNALISTS HELP US UNDERSTAND THE WORLD OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS BEYOND OUR DIRECT EXPERIENCE Patterson, 2013 CONSTRUCTIVE NEWS FRAMING OF THE EUROPEAN MIGRATION
  14. 14. CONSTRUCTIVE NEWS FRAMING OF THE EUROPEAN MIGRATION THE STUDY IS SIGNIFICANT BECAUSE ▸ in times of crises = right time for more trustworthy and balanced news ▸ knowledge is power, and ▸ strengthens a previous research how journalists choose their frames (Tuchman, 1978).
  15. 15. SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS OF STUDY Constructive news framing of the European migration
  16. 16. CONSTRUCTIVE NEWS FRAMING OF THE EUROPEAN MIGRATION THE STUDY WAS LIMITED TO ▸ scope: constructive news frames in European migration news ▸ population: practitioners of constructive journalism in Europe ▸ method: qualitative research through semi-structured qualitative interviewing
  17. 17. RELATED STUDIES/ LITERATURE Constructive news framing of the European migration
  18. 18. CONSTRUCTIVE NEWS FRAMING OF THE EUROPEAN MIGRATION SOME FRAMING LITERATURE AVAILABLE AT THE TIME OF STUDY Public Opinion by Walter Lippmann Making the News by Gaye Tuchman News Narratives and News Framing: Constructing Political Reality by Karen Johnson- Cartee
  19. 19. CONSTRUCTIVE NEWS FRAMING OF THE EUROPEAN MIGRATION THE ONLY CONSTRUCTIVE NEWS LITERATURE AVAILABLE AT THE TIME OF STUDY First PhD dissertation on constructive journalism titled: Constructive journalism: The effects of positive emotions and solution information in news stories by Karen McIntyre
  20. 20. RESEARCH GAPS FILLED Constructive news framing of the European migration
  21. 21. CONSTRUCTIVE NEWS FRAMING OF THE EUROPEAN MIGRATION THIS THESIS CONNECTED THREE IMPORTANT DOMAINS: ‣ communications ‣ news framing ‣ migration
  22. 22. CONSTRUCTIVE NEWS FRAMING OF THE EUROPEAN MIGRATION AND WILL FILL THE LACK OR ABSENCE OF A STUDY ON: ‣ the application of constructive journalism on the issue of European migration, ‣ journalistic frames present in constructive news on European migration, ‣ the considerations constructive journalists make when choosing news frames, and ‣ the structural description of constructive news.
  23. 23. FRAMEWORKS USED Constructive news framing of the European migration
  24. 24. CONSTRUCTIVE NEWS FRAMING OF THE EUROPEAN MIGRATION THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
  25. 25. CONSTRUCTIVE NEWS FRAMING OF THE EUROPEAN MIGRATION ANALYTICAL FRAMEWORK
  26. 26. HOW DATA WAS GATHERED Constructive news framing of the European migration
  27. 27. CONSTRUCTIVE NEWS FRAMING OF THE EUROPEAN MIGRATION METHOD ▸ qualitative research using semi-structured qualitative interviewing
  28. 28. CONSTRUCTIVE NEWS FRAMING OF THE EUROPEAN MIGRATION INTERVIEWEES Cathrine Gyldensted, first university professor of Constructive Journalism Ulrik Haagerup, Danish Broadcasting Chief, Constructive News pioneer Sean Dagan Wood, Constructive Journalism Project Founder
  29. 29. FINDINGS Constructive news framing of the European migration
  30. 30. CONSTRUCTIVE NEWS FRAMING OF THE EUROPEAN MIGRATION WHAT JOURNALISTIC FRAMES ARE PRESENT IN CONSTRUCTIVE NEWS REPORTS ON EUROPEAN MIGRATION? ‣ human story ‣ ability ‣ solution ‣ historical OUR JOB IS TO GIVE PEOPLE THE BEST OBTAINABLE VERSION OF THE TRUTH. TRY TO SEE THE WORLD WITH BOTH EYES ... TRYING TO HELP PEOPLE TO UNDERSTAND THE WORLD BETTER BUT IN DOING SO, WE HAVE TO USE NOT ONLY ONE EYE BUT BOTH OF THEM. - ULRIK HAAGERUP
  31. 31. CONSTRUCTIVE NEWS FRAMING OF THE EUROPEAN MIGRATION HOW IS CONSTRUCTIVE NEWS ON EUROPEAN MIGRATION STRUCTURED? ‣ what now ‣ data ‣ impact ‣ empathy ‣ true WE WANT TO INFORM PEOPLE IN A WAY THAT EMPOWERS THEM TO USE THAT INFORMATION CONSTRUCTIVELY WHICHEVER WAY THEY CHOOSE AND LEAVE PEOPLE FEELING INFORMED AND INSPIRED AND NOT LEFT FEELING CYNICAL. - SEAN DAGAN WOOD
  32. 32. CONSTRUCTIVE NEWS FRAMING OF THE EUROPEAN MIGRATION HOW DO CONSTRUCTIVE JOURNALISM PRACTITIONERS GENERATE THESE FRAMES ON EUROPEAN MIGRATION NEWS? ‣ constructive mindset ‣ solution-focused ‣ impact-oriented IT'S JUST JOURNALISM. IT'S NOT A GENRE BUT A MINDSET. IT'S THE FUNDAMENTAL OUTLOOK ON THE WORLD THAT YOU WANT IT TO BE MORE COMPREHENSIVE. YOU WANT IT TO BE MORE COMPLETE. - CATHRINE GYLDENSTED
  33. 33. CONSTRUCTIVE NEWS FRAMING OF THE EUROPEAN MIGRATION WHAT CONSTRUCTIVE JOURNALISTIC FRAMES ARE MOST PRESENT IN CONSTRUCTIVE NEWS REPORTS ON EUROPEAN MIGRATION? ‣ ability DO WE SEE THEM AS SOMEONE WHO'S LOST EVERYTHING OR SOMEONE THAT BRINGS SKILLS OR RESOURCES OR INSPIRATION? EXPANDING OUR VIEW ON THESE HUMAN BEINGS, SOURCES, IS FIRST STEP... IT'S GONNA INFORM AND INSPIRE THE QUESTIONS YOU ASK... - CATHRINE GYLDENSTED
  34. 34. CONSTRUCTIVE NEWS FRAMING OF THE EUROPEAN MIGRATION WHAT CONSTRUCTIVE JOURNALISTIC FRAMES ARE LEAST PRESENT IN CONSTRUCTIVE NEWS REPORTS ON EUROPEAN MIGRATION? ‣ historical NOT TO SAY THAT THIS IS THE WAY TO COPE WITH THE PRESENT CRISIS BUT JUST TO SAY, “WE HAVE IN HISTORY EXPERIENCED SOMETHING THAT LOOKS LIKE THIS SOMEWHERE ELSE AND HOW DID THEY SOLVE IT?” - ULRIK HAAGERUP
  35. 35. CONSTRUCTIVE NEWS FRAMING OF THE EUROPEAN MIGRATION WHAT OTHER CONSTRUCTIVE JOURNALISTIC FRAMES ON EUROPEAN MIGRATION CAN BE EXPLORED? ‣ human story ‣ solution THERE'S A LOT OF UNDERREPORTED STORIES... HOW MIGRANTS ARE INTEGRATING INTO SOCIETY, WHAT THAT JOURNEY MEANS... WHAT THEY'RE BRINGING TO THEIR CULTURES OF WHERE THEY NOW LIVE AND TO THE ECONOMY AND HOW THAT IMPACTS PEOPLE. - SEAN DAGAN WOOD
  36. 36. RECOMMENDATIONS Constructive news framing of the European migration
  37. 37. CONSTRUCTIVE NEWS FRAMING OF THE EUROPEAN MIGRATION APPLY THE WDIET SYSTEM IN COMMUNICATIONS ‣ what now ‣ data ‣ impact ‣ empathy ‣ true
  38. 38. CONSTRUCTIVE NEWS FRAMING OF THE EUROPEAN MIGRATION USE CONSTRUCTIVE MINDSET IN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNICATION PRACTICE ‣ development communication = use of communications to facilitate social development ‣ constructive mindset = focus on opportunities ‣ focus on opportunities = positive social change
  39. 39. CONSTRUCTIVE NEWS FRAMING OF THE EUROPEAN MIGRATION WHAT OTHER STUDIES SHOULD BE DONE ‣ A quantitative study on the application of the constructive journalism news frames identified by this study in current migration reporting ‣ Is there a correlation between constructive journalism and development communication practice? ‣ Is framing used in development communication practice? Which frames are present in specific development communication programs? Which frames are successful?
  40. 40. THANK YOU. CHARED Q. BALLO-VERSCHUUR Researcher, Constructive News Framing of the European Migration

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