Career Options And Preparation For Telecom Jobs


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A presentation on Telecom Industry at the Industry Meets Students program for the students of the Hyderabad Chapter of ICWAI on 5th Sep 2010 at Bhaskara Auditorium in Birla Planetarium, Saifabad, Hyderabad

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  • The main aim of the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India is to ensure that telecom network markets operate for the benefit of users and economies overall. Regulators should be independent from day to day politics and the industry so that their actions and decisions are completely impartial. An important aspect of the regulator’s role is to regulate markets which are not competitive to safeguard the interests of competitors and consumers. Prior to liberalization in the 90s, the DoT acted as a service provider, regulator, policy maker and arbitrator in the case of disputes. However, Telecom Regulatory Authority of India Act, 1997 established Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) in January 1997, with a view to providing an effective regulatory framework and adequate safeguards to ensure fair competition in provision of telecom services and protection of consumer interests. To achieve the objectives of the Act, TRAI was accorded powers to issue directions to service providers, make regulations, notify tariffs by Order, and adjudicate in disputes arising between the Government (in its role as service provider) and any other service provider. In 1999, the government created the Department of Telecom Services (DTS) from DOT. This was done ostensibly to separate the service provision component (DTS) from that of policy making (DoT). In October 2000, DTS was corporatised and now operates as BSNL. The DoT, is left with the functions of policy formulation, licensing, wireless spectrum management, administrative monitoring of telecom PSUs, R&D and standardization and validation of telecom equipment. Moreover, on 24 January 2000, an ordinance amended the TRAI Act, 1997 and altered its basic structure. The adjudicatory role of the TRAI has been separated and has been assigned to a Telecom Dispute Settlement and Appellate Tribunal (TDSAT), a new entity. This Tribunal has also been given the responsibility for settling disputes with respect to those arising between the licensor and licensee. Furthermore, appeals against TDSAT judgements will only be entertained in the Supreme Court.
  • Apart from the existing players in the market, new players are also comming,Etisalat,Data com telecom,MTS,STEL
  • Integrity : Every Finance guy posses integrity. Integrity means an attitude of straightforwardness, honesty, sincerity, uprightness and reliability. He should not be biased in taking decisions. As a Finance resource we always deal with money, once money goes from Company it is very difficult to get it back. Should not commit fraud (Eg. Satyam computers) Hard work: Though initially it may not reward, in the long run every one must recognize Integrity and Hard work. Whenever you feel that situation is going beyond your control immediately escalate to your supervisor. Accounting Knowledge (Book Keeping): Should be well versed with the Accounting Principles and Accounting Standards, should always keep update on Statutory requirements. Finance: Cost Benefit Analysis nothing but Business Acumen
  • Career Options And Preparation For Telecom Jobs

    1. 1. Telecommunication in India Prepared By Sanjay Prasad Kedia B.Com(Hons),LLB,FICWA
    2. 2. <ul><li>Telecom Industry Overview </li></ul><ul><li>Major Players in Telecom Sector </li></ul><ul><li>Emerging Trends in Telecom Market </li></ul><ul><li>Growth Avenues </li></ul><ul><li>Role of Cost & Management Accountant in Telecom sector </li></ul><ul><li>Q & A session. </li></ul>
    3. 3. THE INDIAN MOBILE MAGIC; AFFORDABILITY HAS BEEN DRIVING THE GROWTH Mobile, being extremely affordable, has permeated almost all segment of the everyday life of citizens
    4. 4. Telecom Industry Overview <ul><li>Investments over Rs. 150,000 crores </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile subscriber base of ~ 584 million as of Mar 2010 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adding @ 12-15 million every month </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rural subscriber base served by private GSM operators > 130 million by Mar 2010 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Growing @ around 4-5 million every month, i.e. nearly 40% of the GSM subscriber adds are from the rural areas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lowest Mobile tariffs and one of the lowest ARPU (Average revenue Per User) in the world </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GSM ARPU (Dec’09) of ~ Rs. 144/sub/month </li></ul></ul><ul><li>One of the highest GSM MoU (Minutes of Use) globally - ~411/sub/month (Dec’09) </li></ul>
    5. 5. Ministry of Communications Telecom Regulatory Authority of India Independent Regulator Telecom Dispute Settlement Tribunal Independent Dispute Settlement Authority Department of Telecommunications Licensing Authority Telecom Commission Policy and Executive Function BSNL, TCL, Bharti, Reliance, Tata Basic BSNL, MTNL, Tata, Bharti, Reliance Bharti, Idea, BPL, Vodafone, Tata, Reliance TCL, Data Access Cellular Domestic Long Distance International Long Distance Telecom Overview - Regulation
    6. 6. India accounts for the highest mobile subscriber additions globally. It is the fastest growing market in the world. 37 584 India is world’s second largest wireless market
    7. 7. Mobile Tariffs in India one of the Lowest USD
    8. 8. Basic Services Operators BSNL MTNL Major Players in different segments of Indian telecom industry Reliance TTSL GSM Services Operators Airtel Vodafone Idea Reliance TTSL BSNL CDMA Services Operators Reliance Internet Services Operators BSNL MTNL Reliance TTSL BSNL Airtel TTSL – Tata Teleservices Ltd. MOBILE SERVICES BSNL – Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd. MTNL – Mahanagar Telecom Nigam Ltd. TATA DOCOMO
    9. 9. CDMA vs GSM <ul><li>GSM (Global System for Mobile Communication) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>cheaper & wide variety of handsets. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>74% market share </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Frequency is less ( 900 & 1800 mhz) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on a spread-spectrum technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low acceptability & few variety of handsets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Frequency is higher as compared to GSM </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Market Share Highly competitive market place, new licenses waiting
    11. 11. <ul><li>More no of operators (12 to 14) leading to fierce & cut throat competition </li></ul><ul><li>Margins are declining </li></ul><ul><li>Break Even period is getting delayed </li></ul><ul><li>Stringent Regulatory norms </li></ul><ul><li>Non-roll out of services by some operators who bought the spectrum </li></ul><ul><li>More no of players in the industry , will lead to consolidation . </li></ul><ul><li>DoT reviewing the current trends and relaxing norms on exit clause for the operators who bought spectrum and not able to rollout the services (Refer Economic Time 30 th August 2010) </li></ul>Emerging Trends in Telecom
    12. 12. <ul><li>Lot of scope for rural penetration </li></ul><ul><li>Low cost of handsets </li></ul><ul><li>Dual SIM hand set </li></ul><ul><li>Value-Added Services (VAS) Market is expected to reach 13% by 2013 from current level of 8 to 10%. </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile commerce, Mobile TV, Stock Trading, Internet Access. </li></ul><ul><li>3G services </li></ul><ul><li>Tele-medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing of a vast range of telecom equipment </li></ul>Growth avenues
    13. 13. <ul><li>Slow reform process. </li></ul><ul><li>Low rural penetration 18% against 80% in Urban area. </li></ul><ul><li>Huge initial cost to make inroads and delayed break-even . </li></ul><ul><li>Limited spectrum availability </li></ul><ul><li>interconnection charges between operators. </li></ul>Bottlenecks for Indian Telecom Industry
    14. 14. <ul><li>Cost & Management Audit </li></ul><ul><li>Resource planning and cost control using various costing tools. </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic decision making in business operations </li></ul><ul><li>Financial planning & treasury management. </li></ul><ul><li>Project management & consultancy </li></ul><ul><li>Developing system & process. </li></ul><ul><li>Developing Management Information Systems (MIS) </li></ul><ul><li>In Telecom: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Accounts dept, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business Finance, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business planning & analytics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Revenue Assurance, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Billing Team etc. </li></ul></ul>Role of Management Accountant
    15. 15. <ul><li>Integrity & Hard Work </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge of the domain </li></ul><ul><li>Technical skills ( Computer , Excel,SAP,PPT etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Business Acumen </li></ul><ul><li>Customer focus </li></ul><ul><li>Result orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Initiative with speed </li></ul><ul><li>Positive attitude </li></ul><ul><li>Willingness to learn </li></ul>To achieve success in professional life you should have
    16. 16. Thank you Sanjay Prasad Kedia B.Com(Hons),LLB,FICWA mail me : [email_address]