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Mother board

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Mother board

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Mother board

  1. 1. MOTHER BOARD & COMPONENTS
  2. 2. CONTENT 1.WHAT IS MOTHER BOARD 2. CPU 3. CPU SOCKET 4.CPU HEAT SINK 5.RAM 6.ROM 7.DIMM SLOT 8.BIOS 9.NORTH BRIDGE 10.SOUTH BRIDGE 11.PCI SLOT 12.AGP SLOT 13.CMOS BATTERY 14.SATA & PATA 15.ATX PORT & P4 PORT 16.FULL DIAGRAM OF MOTHER BOARD
  3. 3. WHAT IS A MOTHER BOARD?  It is PCB[printed circuit board]  Hold components cpu,ram, connector for i/o device, many slots.  Heart of the computer system
  4. 4. CENTRAL PROCESSING UNIT[CPU] CPU ALU [arithmetic logic unit] CU [control unit] MU [memory unit]
  5. 5. CPU SOCKET It provides mechanical and electrical connection between a Microprocessor and printed Circuit board.
  6. 6. HEAT SINKER *It helps to reduce the heat Of CPU * heat sink are usually made from metal bcoz metals have high thermal conductivity. like aluminum
  7. 7. RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY [RAM]  Randomly access  Volatile memory  Static ram[S-RAM]  Dynamic ram[D-RAM]  ddr1 ,ddr2, and ddr3 ram.
  8. 8. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN S-RAM & D-RAM  type of semiconductor memory that uses bits able latching circuitry to store each bit.  L2 and L3 cache in a CPU  Size 1 MB to 16 MB  Consume less power  Expensive  stores each bit of data in a separate capacitor within an integrated circuit  Main memory in a computer. EX- DDR3, DDR2  Size 2,4,8,16 GB  Need power  cheap S-RAM D-RAM
  9. 9. DUAL IN LINE MEMORY MODULE  168-pin DIMM, used for SDR SDRAM  240-pin DIMM, used for DDR2 SDRAM, DDR3 SDRAM and DRAM
  10. 10. READ ONLY MEMORY[ROM] ROM PROM EPROM EEPROM
  11. 11. BASIC INPUT OUTPUT SYSTEM[BIOS]  * It manages data flow between the computer's operating system and attached devices .  *Power On Self Test [POST]  * For enter BIOS press f8,f2, del etc.
  12. 12. NORTH BRIDGE  *Northbridge is an Intel chipset  *communicates with processor and controls interaction with ram, the Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) , L2 cache, and Accelerated Graphics Port.
  13. 13. SOUTH BRIDGE It controls components like- *ATA Drive *USB bus *Serial port *Parallel port *Built-in audio
  14. 14. PCI -SLOTS  It is a parallel bus, synchronous to a single bus clock  an expansion card that fits into a slot.
  15. 15. EXPANSION CARD FOR PCI- SLOTS  Ethernet card Sound card
  16. 16. AGP-SLOT  high-speed point-to-point channel for attaching a video card  For advance graphical works  Best gaming performance  SLI and CROSSFIRE-X
  17. 17. ZOTAC NVIDIA GTX 660 TI GRAPHIC CARD
  18. 18. CMOS BATTERY  Metal oxide semiconductor  Store BIOS setup  Long lasting up to 3-4 years
  19. 19. SATA AND PATA  Serial  600 MB/s  0.25 volts  0.25 inches  hot pluggable  Parallel  133 MB/s  5 volts  2 inches  Not hot pluggable SATA PATA
  20. 20. Sata cable Pata cable
  21. 21. ATX-PORT & P4-PORT  Power supply to whole mother board. Dedicated pin-24 power supply for  Power come from SMPS processor. processor.
  22. 22. BACK PANEL CONNECTORS
  23. 23. THANK YOU

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