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  1. 1. PRESENTATIONOUTLINES  Introduction  History of Android  Open Handset Alliance(OHA)  Features of Android  Applications of Android  Development  Reception  Versions of Android  Advantages And Disadvantages of Android  Conclusion and Future scope
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION WHAT IS ANDROID?  ANDROID is mobile operating system developed by google.  Based on LINUX KERNEL.  Designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices  Most commonly used mobile OS.  It is popular with technology companies.
  3. 3. HISTORY OF ANDROID  ANDROID Inc. was founded in PALO ALTO, CALIFORNIA in October 2003 by Andy Rubin, Rich Miner, Nick Sears, Chris White.  In July 2005, Google acquired Android Inc. for at least $ 50 million.  The first commercially available smartphone running android was the HTC DREAM released on October 22,2008.  Since 2008, Numerous updates which have improved the OS, adding new features to it.
  4. 4.  Each major release is named after a sugary treat. Ex- version 1.5 “cupcake“.  From 2010 to 2013, Hugo Barra served as product spokesperson representing Android.  His improvements including honeycomb, ice cream sandwich, jelly bean and kitkat OS system launches NEXUS 4 and NEXUS 5 smartphones  In 2013 Barra left the Android an Andy Rubin had moved from android, He was replaced by SUNDER PICHAI who became the head of of Android and chrome OS. And later he became the CEO of GOOGLE.  In 2014, Google launches ANDROID ONE.
  5. 5. OPEN HANDSET ALLIANCE (OHA)  It is consortium of several companies.  The OHA was established on 6 November 2007, led by google with 34 members, including mobile handset makers, applications developers some mobile carriers and chip makers.  Android , the flagship software of the alliance, is based on an open source license and has completed against mobile platforms from apple, microsoft .
  6. 6. FEATURES OF ANDROID  Messaging and MMS are available  Web browser  Voice based features, google searching through voice.  Multitasking- deal with more the one application at the same time.  Screen capture  Connectivity- GSM/EDGE, Wi-Fi, bluetooth (sending files) , tethering(allows a phone to be used wireless/wired wi-fi hotspot)  Interface that is better then the previous touch screen mobiles.
  7. 7.  Developing an android app is not tough using SDK( standard development kit) and java emulator we can easily develop applications that we want.  User gets million of applications that user can not get in any other mobile operating system.  Android supports advanced audio/video/still media formats such as MPEG-4,H.264,MP3,and AAC,AMR,JPEG,PNG,GIF.
  8. 8. APPLICATIONS  Applications which extend the functioning of devices are written using the SDK and often the java programming language that has complete access to the android applications.  Some of the important applications are shareit, instagram, whatsapp , amazon, picsart, twitter , opera mini, myntra etc.
  9. 9. DEVELOPMENT  In 2007, the green ANDROID LOGO was designed for google by a graphic designer IRINA BLOK.  Inspired from the human symbol on restroom doors and modified the figure into a robot shape.
  10. 10. RECEPTION  With the rapid increase in development of android mobile phones manufacturers would be willing to replace their existing operating system with android.  Android facing strong competition.  Most widely use smartphone operating system  In july 2013 there were 11,868 models of android device, numerous screen sizes and eight android versions simultaneously in use.
  12. 12. versions releasedate Android beta November 5,2007 Astro 1.0 September 23,2008 Cupcake 1.5 April 27, 2009 Donut 1.6 September 15,2009 Éclair 2.0 October 26,2009 Froyo 2.2-2.2.3 May 20,2010 Gingerbread 2.3- 2.3.2 December 6,2010
  13. 13. VERSIONS RELEASEDDATE Honeycomb 3.0 February 22,2011 Ice cream sandwich October 2011 Jellybean 4.1-4.1.2 June 27,2012 Kitkat 4.4w-4.4w.2 June 25,2014 Lollipop 5.0 November 12,2014 Marshmallow 6.0 August 17,2015
  14. 14. ADVANTAGES OF ANDROID  Android is open  Multitasking  Easy access to the android app market  Can install a modified ROM  Ease of notification  Widget
  15. 15. DISADVANTAGES OF ANDROID  Need internet connection  Advertising  Wasteful battery  Many applications contain viruses
  16. 16. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE SCOPE  Android is stepping up in next level of mobile internet  Becoming the most used smartphone operating system.  Android does not release 1 phone from 1 company with 1 OS every year but countless phones from numerous companies.  It is unique and incomparable to other mobile operating system.