Affixes pp


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

Affixes pp

  2. 2. Definition of Affix An affix is a bound morpheme that is joined before, after, or within a root or stem. Bound morpheme is a morpheme (or word element) that cannot stand alone as a word. Contrast with free morpheme. Free morpheme is a morpheme (or word element) that can stand alone as a word. Contrast with bound morpheme. There are two kinds of free morphemes: content words and function words. Root is a word or word element (that is, a morpheme) from which other words grow, usually through the addition of prefixes and suffixes.
  3. 3. Affix Relationship to root or Example stemprefix Occurs in the front of a unhappy root or stemsuffix Occurs at the end of a happiness root or steminfix Occurs inside of a root or Gerigi stem (Indonesian)
  4. 4. KINDS OF AFFIXES Inflectional affixes Derivational affixes
  5. 5. Inflectional Affix Inflectional affix is an affix that expresses a grammatical contrast that is obligatory for its stems word class in some given grammatical context and does not change the word class of its stem. There are only eight "inflectional affixes" in English
  6. 6.  -s noun plural (books, tables) -s noun possessive (Mira’s bag) -s verb present tense third person singular (She dances) -ing verb present participle/gerund (She is working) -ed verb simple past tense (I walked) -en verb past perfect participle (been) -er adjective comparative (bigger) -est adjective superlative (the biggest)
  7. 7.  A derivational affix is an affix by means of which one word is formed (derived) from another. The derived word is often of a different word class from the original. A derivational affix is not part of an obligatory set of affixes. It changes the meaning of the base in some important way or changes it into a different word class.
  8. 8. example Unhealthy GardenerThe addition of the prefix un- to healthy alters the meaning of healthy. The resulting word means "not healthy."The addition of the suffix -er to garden changes the meaning of garden, which is a place where plants, flowers, etc., grow, to a word that refers to a person who tends a garden.