MMP Chapter 08

2,885 views

Published on

Published in: Business
  • Be the first to comment

MMP Chapter 08

  1. 1. Chapter 07 - Managerial Planning and Goal SettingChandra Kodituwakku STRATEGY FORMULATION and IMPLEMENTATION MANAGEMENT 6th Ed. By: Richard Daft
  2. 2. Chapter 07 - Managerial Planning and Goal SettingChandra Kodituwakku Learning Objectives • Define the components of strategic management • Describe the strategic planning process and SWOT analysis • Understand Grand Strategies for domestic and international operations • Define corporate-level strategies and explain the portfolio approach • Describe business-level strategies, including Porter’s competitive forces and strategies and partnership strategies • Explain the major considerations in formulating functional strategies • Enumerate the organizational dimensions used for implementing strategy
  3. 3. Chapter 07 - Managerial Planning and Goal SettingChandra Kodituwakku What is Strategic Management? Strategic Management • The set of decisions and actions used to formulate and implement strategies that will provide a competitively superior fit between the organization and its environment so as to achieve organizational goals.
  4. 4. Chapter 07 - Managerial Planning and Goal SettingChandra Kodituwakku Grand Strategy • The general plan of major action by which an organization intends to achieve its long-term goals. Three general categories: 1. Growth – can be promoted internally by investing in expansion or externally by acquiring additional business divisions. 2. Stability (pause strategy) – that the organization wants to remain the same size or grow slowly and in a controlled fashion. 3. Retrenchment – that the organization goes through period of forced decline by either shrinking current business units or selling off or liquidating entire business.
  5. 5. Chapter 07 - Managerial Planning and Goal SettingChandra Kodituwakku Global Strategy • a separate grand strategy as the focus of global business. Three global strategies: 1. Globalization – the standardization of product design and advertising strategies throughout the world. 2. Multidomestic strategy – the modification of product design and advertising strategies to suit the specific needs of individual countries. 3. Transnational strategy – a strategy that combines global coordination to attain efficiency with flexibility to meet specific needs in various countries.
  6. 6. Chapter 07 - Managerial Planning and Goal SettingChandra Kodituwakku Purpose of Strategy • Choosing how the organization will be different. Strategy  The plan of action that prescribes resource allocation and other activities for dealing with the environment and helping the organization attain its goals.
  7. 7. Chapter 07 - Managerial Planning and Goal SettingChandra Kodituwakku To remain competitive, companies develop strategies that focus on: 1. Core competence » A business activity that an organization does particularly well in comparison to competitors. 2. Synergy » The condition that exists when the organization’s parts interact to produce a joint effect that is greater than the sum of the parts acting alone. 3. Value Creation » The heart of strategy. » Value can be defined as the combination of benefits received and costs paid by the customers.
  8. 8. Chapter 07 - Managerial Planning and Goal SettingChandra Kodituwakku Levels of Strategy • Corporate-Level Strategy • The level of strategy concerned with the question, “What business are we in?”. Pertains to the organization as a whole and the combination of business units and product lines that make it up. • Business-Level Strategy • The level of strategy concerned with the question, “How do we compete?”. Pertains to each business unit or product line within the organization. • Functional-Level Strategy • The level of strategy concerned with the question, “How do we support the business-level strategy?”. Pertains to all of the organization’s major departments.
  9. 9. Chapter 07 - Managerial Planning and Goal SettingChandra Kodituwakku Three Levels of Strategy in Organization Corporation Textile Units Chemicals Unit Auto Parts Unit Finance R & D Manufacturing Marketing Corporate-Level Strategy: What business are we in? Business-Level Strategy: How do we compete? Functional-Level Strategy: How do we support the business-level strategy?
  10. 10. Chapter 07 - Managerial Planning and Goal SettingChandra Kodituwakku Corporation Textile Units Finance R & D Manufacturing Marketing Corporate-Level Strategy: What business are we in? Business-Level Strategy: How do we compete? Functional-Level Strategy: How do we support the business-level strategy?
  11. 11. Chapter 07 - Managerial Planning and Goal SettingChandra Kodituwakku Strategy Formulation Versus Implementation • Strategy Formulation • The stage of strategic management that involves the planning and decision making that lead to the establishment of the organization’s goals and of a specific strategic plan. • Strategy Implementation • The stage of strategic management that involves the use of managerial and organizational tools to direct resources toward achieving strategic outcomes.
  12. 12. Chapter 07 - Managerial Planning and Goal SettingChandra Kodituwakku The Strategic Management Process Scan External Environment: • National • Global Identify Strategic Factors: • Opportunities • Threat Scan Internal Environment: • Core Competence • Synergy • Value Creation Identify Strategic Factors: • Strengths • Weaknesses Define New: • Mission • Goals • Grand Strategy Formulate Strategy: • Corporate • Business • Functional Evaluate Current: • Mission • Goals • Strategies SWOT Implement Strategy via Changes in: • Leadership / Culture • Structure • Human Resources • Information and Control System
  13. 13. Chapter 07 - Managerial Planning and Goal SettingChandra Kodituwakku Situation Analysis • Analysis of the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) that affect organizational performance.  Strengths  Positive internal characteristics that the organization can exploit to achieve its strategic performance goals.  Weaknesses  Internal characteristics that might inhibit or restrict the organization’s performance.  Opportunities  Characteristics of the external environment that have the potential to help the organization achieve or exceed its strategic goals.  Threats  Characteristics of the external environment that may prevent the organization from achieving its strategic goals.
  14. 14. Chapter 07 - Managerial Planning and Goal SettingChandra Kodituwakku Formulating Corporate-Level Strategy Portfolio Strategy  A type of corporate-level strategy that pertains to the organization’s mix of SBUs and product lines that fit together in such a way as to provide the corporation with synergy and competitive advantage.  Strategic Business Unit (SBU)  A division of the organization that has a unique business mission, product line, competitors, and markets relative to other SBUs in the same corporation.
  15. 15. Chapter 07 - Managerial Planning and Goal SettingChandra Kodituwakku The BCG Matrix • A concept developed by the Boston Consulting Group that evaluates SBUs with respect to the dimension of business growth rate and market share.
  16. 16. Chapter 07 - Managerial Planning and Goal SettingChandra Kodituwakku Four Alternative Positions: – Question Marks • The business unit has low market share compared to competitors, however it is doing business in high-growth market. – Stars • The business has high market share compared to competitors and it is doing business in high-growth market. – Cash Cows • The market is not very attractive – low market growth rate, however the business has high market share compared to competitors. – Dogs • This business has low market share and operates in low- growth market.
  17. 17. Chapter 07 - Managerial Planning and Goal SettingChandra Kodituwakku
  18. 18. Chapter 07 - Managerial Planning and Goal SettingChandra Kodituwakku Formulating Business-Level Strategy it is a strategy formulation within the strategic business unit in which the concern is how to compete. the same three generic strategies (growth, stability, and retrenchment) apply at the business level, but they are accomplished through competitive actions rather than the acquisition or divestment of business divisions.
  19. 19. Chapter 07 - Managerial Planning and Goal SettingChandra Kodituwakku Porter’s Five Competitive Forces Rivalry among Competitors Threat of Substitute Products Potential New Entrants Bargaining Power of Buyers Bargaining Power of Suppliers Internet tends to increase bargaining power of suppliers Internet reduces barriers to entry Internet blurs differences among competitors Internet creates new substitution threats Internet shifts greater power to end consumers
  20. 20. Chapter 07 - Managerial Planning and Goal SettingChandra Kodituwakku Competitive Strategies 1. Differentiation • a type of competitive strategy with which the organization seeks to distinguish its products or services from competitors. 2. Cost Leadership • A type of competitive strategy with which the organization aggressively seeks efficient facilities, cuts costs, and employs tight cost controls to be more efficient than competitors. 3. Focus • A type of competitive strategy that emphasizes concentration on a specific regional market or buyer group.
  21. 21. Chapter 07 - Managerial Planning and Goal SettingChandra Kodituwakku Partnership Strategies Organizational Combination Strategic Alliances Acquisitions Mergers Joint Ventures Strategic Business Partnering Preferred Supplier Arrangements High D E G R E E O F C O L L A B O R A T I O N Low
  22. 22. Chapter 07 - Managerial Planning and Goal SettingChandra Kodituwakku Formulating Functional-Level Strategy the action plans adopted by major departments to support the execution of business-level strategy. major organizational functions include marketing, production, finance, human resources, and research & development.
  23. 23. Chapter 07 - Managerial Planning and Goal SettingChandra Kodituwakku Strategy Implementation and Control Implementation is the final step in the strategic management process and it is how strategy put into action. Some people argue that strategy implementation is the most difficult and important part of strategic management.
  24. 24. Chapter 07 - Managerial Planning and Goal SettingChandra Kodituwakku STRUCTURAL DESIGN • Design organization chart • Create teams • Determine centralization • Arrange facilities, task design LEADERSHIP • Use persuasion • Motivate employees • Shape culture/values HUMAN RESOURCES • Recruit/select employees • Manage transfers/promotions/training • Direct layoffs/recalls INFORMATION AND CONTROL SYSTEMS • Revise pay, reward system • Change budget allocations • Implement information systems • Apply rules and procedures OrganizationEnvironment Strategy Performance Tools for Putting Strategy into Action
  25. 25. Chapter 07 - Managerial Planning and Goal SettingChandra Kodituwakku Implementing Global Strategies In the international arena, flexibility and superb communication emerge as mandatory leadership skills. Structural design must merge successfully with foreign cultures as well as link foreign operations to the home country. Information and control systems must fit the needs and incentives within local cultures. Recruitment, training, transfer, promotion, and layoff of international human resources create array of problems not confronted from other countries such as labor laws, guaranteed jobs, and cultural traditions of keeping unproductive employees on the job.
  26. 26. Chapter 07 - Managerial Planning and Goal SettingChandra Kodituwakku THE END Any clarification? HAVE A NICE DAY!!!  Prepared by: GREGAR DONAVEN E. VALDEHUEZA, MBA Lourdes College Instructor Google from: Uploaded to refferance for MBA Student of Uni of Colombo

×