Overall story of_the_bible


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  • - Ambitious because cover whole Bible in < 30 minutes. Why know this story though? . . .
  • Comparison with other books on controversial subjects. They don’t fit together.
  • - Why story format? We remember stories & can understand better through reflecting on them. How history can be taught. - Novel analogy: Sometimes think, “why is this here?” Later, see significance of things that seemed minor or confusing.
  • Will skip much, just highlights. A “race” through the Bible. Since will cover so much so quickly, will post this at our website so you can go back over it if you like.
  • Will indicate on slides what books are covered--mainly Historical Books. Book’s types will be indicated by the color of the writing.
  • Refer to Genesis 1 & 2.
  • Things decline quickly.
  • Bible says Noah was righteous and walked with God. (But after the flood, Noah and his sons don’t always behave well.)
  • One man for blessing all nations.
  • - After one year, no son. Two years, five years, 10 years and so on, no son. Still trusts in God. - God says he counts Abe as righteous because of his trust in God—a big theme for the Bible.
  • How old? Abe ~100 and Sarah ~90 years old.
  • Goes against cultural traditions of choosing the eldest. Shows God not bound by human traditions.
  • Changed through a night of wrestling with an angel. Israel means “prevails with God”
  • Except for Joseph, we get the idea, “These people are not so great”. It is confusing that Joseph is the one who trusts in God, but he seems to be the one who suffers the most.
  • The brothers truly regret what they had done to Joseph. Joseph forgives them all. Where part one ends.
  • Just a few. All these chosen people don’t seem to often have outstanding character. Bible honestly records serious flaws.
  • An Egyptian dynasty change resulted in their status change.
  • Moses’ background described in these Exodus chapters.
  • Laws include how they are to worship God and devote themselves to God only.
  • For over a year, complained and rebelled. Therefore, 40 years wandering in the dessert. (Not because men would not ask for directions)
  • Though imperfect, this generation does pretty well.
  • Judges covers Israel’s dark ages. Even the heroes are really flawed.
  • Again, the Bible is very honest about the flaws of even the “heroes”, and the consequences of their bad choices.
  • Why not end his dynasty completely? Because of God’s promise to David.
  • Presented as a great tragedy.
  • Again, brings back because of promises God made to Abraham and David.
  • Last books of prophecy to these Jews are warnings.
  • Were to be an example to the world, but did not seem to live up to their purpose.
  • Some places in Bible where promises were given are shown here.
  • Most of the world is still untouched at this point. Man’s heart seems to be the problem.
  • Christians are genuinely changed, but they also still face unchanged problem areas. The Epistles address this a lot.
  • Persecution continues through today.
  • 2 symbols for the Holy Spirit in the Bible—Dove (gentle, goes where wills) and fire (burns out impurities). Jesus sent.
  • Though not good, hardships now become a means of creating good in us when we trust in God.
  • Final judgment and punishment
  • Will review the whole story in just 3 slides now.
  • That’s the story. Bible claims it’s a true story—a story that gives us insight into life’s purpose, our true condition and our important choices.
  • Point explicitly stated in 2 Peter.
  • - Story of great uncle who said he would accept just before dying. But he never had the chance because of a swift coma. - Also, don’t think that would have been true trust. When sense God saying to do, but don’t respond, heart hardens.
  • Good side = side for good, ours and everyone’s
  • Bible gives answers, but also raises many questions.
  • Overall story of_the_bible

    1. 1. The Overall Story of the Bible Introduction
    2. 2. The Bible has had an amazing influence. <ul><li>A prime influence on Western Civilization </li></ul><ul><li>Millions across the world say they have had their lives changed through believing this book </li></ul><ul><li>This has happened for centuries by all sorts of people </li></ul>
    3. 3. The Bible has an amazing composition. <ul><li>Written over 1600 years </li></ul><ul><li>Written by over 40 authors </li></ul><ul><li>Written on 3 continents: Asia, Africa, Europe </li></ul><ul><li>And it all fits together coherently! </li></ul>
    4. 4. The Bible says it reveals what we need to know. <ul><li>Who God is </li></ul><ul><li>God’s good intent for the world </li></ul><ul><li>What’s gone wrong with us and our world </li></ul><ul><li>How our lives and world can be restored through God </li></ul>
    5. 5. The Bible reveals these things through telling a big, overall story. <ul><li>Though containing many teachings and smaller stories, an overall story emerges that gives the big picture of how God is redeeming humanity. </li></ul><ul><li>Knowing this overall story helps us make better sense of the Bible’s parts too. (Analogy of a novel) </li></ul>
    6. 6. How We Will Proceed <ul><li>Will briefly summarize the “plot” of the Bible’s story </li></ul><ul><li>Will present this plot in three parts that represent the beginning, middle and end of the story </li></ul><ul><li>For each part, we will explore a set-up, conflict/problem, and solution </li></ul>
    7. 7. Background on How the Bible Is Organized <ul><li>Historical Books </li></ul><ul><li>Genesis through Esther </li></ul><ul><li>Poetic Books </li></ul><ul><li>Job through Song of Songs </li></ul><ul><li>Prophetic Books </li></ul><ul><li>Isaiah through Malachi </li></ul>Old Testament New Testament <ul><li>Historical Books </li></ul><ul><li>Matthew through Acts </li></ul><ul><li>Epistles/Letters </li></ul><ul><li>Romans through Jude </li></ul><ul><li>Prophetic Book </li></ul><ul><li>Revelation </li></ul>Ancient Time to ~400 BC ~0 AD to ~100 AD
    8. 8. Part 1 The Beginning
    9. 9. <ul><li>The Story Set-up: God Creates a Good World </li></ul><ul><li>God creates the universe and people </li></ul><ul><li>God tells man how to live </li></ul><ul><li>Everything is in harmony with itself and God </li></ul><ul><li>Life is beautiful and people can live forever as long as they follow God </li></ul>Genesis 1 & 2
    10. 10. B) The Conflict / Problem: People Rebel and Throw the World Into Disarray <ul><li>The first people choose to disobey God </li></ul><ul><li>They experience shame, guilt and fear for the first time </li></ul><ul><li>As a result, God says life will now be full of pain, futility, conflict, and death </li></ul><ul><li>People are cast out of God’s presence on earth </li></ul>Genesis 3
    11. 11. B) The Conflict / Problem <ul><li>Within one generation, we have the first murder—brother kills brother </li></ul>Genesis 4
    12. 12. B) The Conflict / Problem <ul><li>As people multiply, violence and corruption spreads across the world </li></ul>Genesis 5 - 6:5
    13. 13. B) The Conflict / Problem <ul><li>God grieves over how bad things get. He sends a worldwide flood to destroy all but the family of Noah and one pair of each animal who can repopulate the earth. </li></ul>Genesis 6:6-9
    14. 14. B) The Conflict / Problem <ul><li>Noah’s descendents ignore God and seek to build a city and tower to their own greatness. </li></ul>Genesis 11:1-4
    15. 15. B) The Conflict / Problem <ul><li>God breaks them up by separating them into different languages and nations across the world. </li></ul>Genesis 10; 11:5-11
    16. 16. B) The Conflict / Problem <ul><li>In summary, people have turned away from God, messed up their lives and the world, and they keep doing this over and over. </li></ul>
    17. 17. B) The Conflict / Problem <ul><li>Puzzle: How can a world of corrupt people in separate nations be turned back to God and experience life as God originally intended? </li></ul>
    18. 18. C) The Solution - First Phase: God’s Chooses Abraham and Some of His Descendents <ul><li>God talks to a man Abraham. God says he will bless Abraham, make of him a great nation, and through him all nations will be blessed. </li></ul>Genesis 12-20 (~2,000 BC)
    19. 19. C) The Solution, First Phase <ul><li>Though imperfect, Abraham believes God and follows him, even though he and his wife are very old and have no son. </li></ul>Genesis 12 - 20
    20. 20. C) The Solution, First Phase <ul><li>After 25 years of waiting, God gives Abraham and his wife a son, Isaac, who will inherit God’s promises. </li></ul>Genesis 21 - 24 (Job is set sometime around this time period)
    21. 21. C) The Solution, First Phase <ul><li>When he grows up, Isaac has twin sons. God chooses the younger twin, Jacob, to inherit his promises. </li></ul>Genesis 25 - 27
    22. 22. C) The Solution, First Phase <ul><li>Jacob is a schemer, but God changes him, and changes his name to Israel. </li></ul>Genesis 28-35:15
    23. 23. C) The Solution, First Phase <ul><li>Israel has 12 sons. One son, Joseph, trusts in and obeys God. But the other brothers are jealous of Joseph and sell him into slavery. </li></ul>Genesis 35:16-38
    24. 24. C) The Solution, First Phase <ul><li>Through amazing circumstances, Joseph becomes prime minister of Egypt, and the rest of the family comes to join him. </li></ul>Genesis 39-50
    25. 25. C) The Solution, First Phase <ul><li>Puzzle: How can God bless all nations and restore the world through these people? </li></ul>
    26. 26. Part 2 The Middle
    27. 27. <ul><li>The Second Part Set-up: God Establishes Israel As His Chosen Nation </li></ul><ul><li>Many years later, Israel’s descendents have grown to hundreds of thousands, but they are now all Egyptian slaves. </li></ul>Exodus 1 (~1,500 BC)
    28. 28. A) The Second Part Set-up <ul><li>God raises up a man, Moses, to lead them out of Egypt. </li></ul>Exodus 2 – 7:13
    29. 29. A) The Second Part Set-up <ul><li>After a series of 10 divinely caused plagues, the Egyptian king agrees to let Moses and the Israelites leave miraculously. </li></ul>Exodus 7:14 - 18
    30. 30. A) The Second Part Set-up <ul><li>Once they are out of Egypt, God gives Moses and the Israelites 10 commandments and other laws to follow, saying they will be blessed if they obey, but cursed if they disobey. </li></ul>Exodus 19 – Numbers 12
    31. 31. B) The 2nd Part Conflict / Problem: The Israelites Usually Don’t Trust in God <ul><li>The rescued Israelites keep rebelling against God. So God says He will not permit them to enter their promised land. They have to travel in the wilderness until their generation dies out. </li></ul>Numbers 14 - 36
    32. 32. B) The Conflict / Problem <ul><li>After 40 years, God renews his covenant with the next generation of Israelites. Then Moses’ successor, Joshua, leads them into the promised land. </li></ul>Deuteronomy 1 - Joshua 24
    33. 33. B) The Conflict / Problem <ul><li>However, the very next generation turns to worshipping other gods. </li></ul>Judges 1 - 2
    34. 34. B) The Conflict / Problem <ul><li>For the next 300 years, the Israelites follow a pattern: They face a foe, they call out to God, God sends someone to help them, but once their problem is solved, they turn away from God again. </li></ul>Judges 3 - 1 Samuel 7 (~1,400 – 1,100 BC)
    35. 35. B) The Conflict / Problem <ul><li>The Israelites ask God for a king, and after warning them about how kings act, God chooses Saul to be their first king. </li></ul>1 Samuel 8 - 10
    36. 36. B) The Conflict / Problem <ul><li>Saul begins well, but he starts disobeying God and God tells Saul (through a prophet) he will replace him. </li></ul>1 Samuel 11 - 15
    37. 37. B) The Conflict / Problem <ul><li>God chooses David to be the next king, David obeys and trusts in God, and Israel prospers. </li></ul>1 Samuel 16 - II Samuel 10; 1 Chronicles 11 - 20 (David wrote many of the Psalms) (~1,000 BC)
    38. 38. B) The Conflict / Problem <ul><li>God promises David that a dynasty and a kingdom will come from him that will last forever. </li></ul>2 Samuel 7; 1 Chronicles 17 (Puzzle: how can this be?)
    39. 39. B) The Conflict / Problem <ul><li>When David gets older though, he commits adultery and murder, and he and his kingdom starts to deteriorate. </li></ul>2 Samuel 11-23; 1 Chronicles 21
    40. 40. B) The Conflict / Problem <ul><li>David’s son Solomon becomes king next, and he rules wisely. But eventually he worships other Gods. God says he will remove most of Israel from his dynasty because of this. </li></ul>1 Kings 1 - 11; 2 Chronicles 1 - 9 (Solomon many of the Proverbs, plus likely Ecclesiastes and Song of Songs)
    41. 41. B) The Conflict / Problem <ul><li>After Solomon dies, Israel splits into two kingdoms. </li></ul>The Northern Kingdom—”Israel” - Ruled by many dynasties of kings I Kings 11 - 12; 2 Chronicles 10 - 11 <ul><li>The Southern Kingdom—”Judah” </li></ul><ul><li>Always ruled by a descendant of David </li></ul><ul><li>and Solomon </li></ul>
    42. 42. B) The Conflict / Problem <ul><li>For the next few hundred years, Israel’s kings and people keep disobeying God. After sending many warnings through prophets, God has the northern kingdom overrun by Assyrians in 722 BC. Most are shipped away, never to return. </li></ul>I Kings 13 - 2 Kings 17 Hosea, Amos, Jonah
    43. 43. B) The Conflict / Problem <ul><li>During this same time period, a few kings and people in Judah trust in God, but most don’t. After many warnings, in 586 BC, after Israel’s fall, God has Judah conquered also. However , God promises he will bring a remnant back to their land. </li></ul>I Kings 13 - 2 Kings 25; 2 Chronicles 10 - 36:21 Isaiah, Jeremiah, Joel , Habakkuk , Micah, Zephaniah
    44. 44. B) The Conflict / Problem <ul><li>The Judeans (i.e., “Jews”) live in exile in Babylon. But 70 years later, the Persian king who conquered Babylon says Jews can return to their land and rebuild their capital and temple. </li></ul>2 Chronicles 36:22 - Ezra 1 Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel
    45. 45. B) The Conflict / Problem <ul><li>These returning Jews are the first generation to permanently forsake worshipping other gods, and they show concern to obey God. </li></ul>Ezra 2 - Esther 10 Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi (Old Testament ends ~400 BC) <ul><li>However, they soon start growing cooler toward God. </li></ul>
    46. 46. B) The Conflict / Problem <ul><li>Summary Puzzle: With how they have done, how will God “bless all nations” through descendents of Abraham? </li></ul>
    47. 47. C) The Solution, Phase 2: God Promises to Send a Savior <ul><li>In addition to warnings, through prophets, God gives the Israelites promises he will raise up from them a deliverer who will establish a wonderful eternal, worldwide kingdom—one filled with people who trust in Him. </li></ul>Isaiah 40 - 66, Micah 4 - 5:15, Zephaniah 3:9-20, Zechariah 9:9 - 14, Malachi 4
    48. 48. C) The Solution, Phase 2 <ul><li>Puzzle: How can someone sent to the Jews save the world and change people’s hearts? </li></ul>
    49. 49. Part 3 The End
    50. 50. <ul><li>The Final Part Set-up: God Sends Jesus to Save the World </li></ul><ul><li>400 years after the Old Testament ends, Jesus is born. His birth’s details fit the ancient prophecies of the promised one. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples : </li></ul><ul><li>A descendant of Abraham, </li></ul><ul><li>Israel, and David </li></ul><ul><li>Born in the small town of </li></ul><ul><li>Bethlehem. </li></ul>Matthew 1 - 2; Luke 1 - 2 (~ 0 AD)
    51. 51. A) The Set-up <ul><li>At about age 30, Jesus starts preaching in Israel. He heals people, performs miracles, and makes astounding claims. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of Claims : </li></ul><ul><li>I am the light of the world </li></ul><ul><li>I came to save the world </li></ul><ul><li>- Whoever sees me, sees God. </li></ul><ul><li>- He who believes in me has eternal life </li></ul>Matthew 3 - 25; Mark 1 - 13, Luke 3 - 21, John 1 - 17
    52. 52. A) The Set-up <ul><li>Jesus, though, is rejected by his nation. He is arrested, tried for treason, convicted, tortured, publicly executed on a cross, and buried. </li></ul>Matthew 26 - 27; Mark 14 - 15, Luke 22 - 23, John 18 - 19
    53. 53. A) The Set-up <ul><li>On the third day, Jesus rises from the dead. He tells his disciples to spread to all nations the gospel (“good news”) that they can have forgiveness and eternal life through believing in Him. </li></ul>Matthew 28; Mark 16, Luke 24, John 20 - 21
    54. 54. A) The Set-up <ul><li>After Jesus returns to heaven, the Holy Spirit comes on his disciples and makes them bold. They share Jesus’ gospel </li></ul>Acts 1 - 28 message with Jews and then others throughout the Roman Empire. Many lives are changed.
    55. 55. B) The 3rd Part Conflict / Problem: Evil & Suffering Are Still Widespread <ul><li>1. Accepting the Gospel changes lives and the world. But its spread is hindered by disbelief and opposition. </li></ul>Acts 2 - 28
    56. 56. B) The Conflict / Problem <ul><li>2. Believers still find it hard to live completely new types of life (and this hinders the Gospel’s spread too). </li></ul>Acts 5 - 20 (Mentioned in many of the Epistles)
    57. 57. B) The Conflict / Problem <ul><li>3. Much suffering and injustice still remain. Believers not only experience this, sometimes they also suffer because of their faithfulness to Christ. </li></ul>Acts 2 - 28 (also mentioned in many of the Epistles)
    58. 58. B) The Conflict / Problem <ul><li>Puzzle: How can you have a restored world and full salvation in this situation? </li></ul>
    59. 59. C) The Transitional Solution: The Holy Spirit’s Workings <ul><li>1. The Bible says God’s Holy Spirit will work in people’s lives so that the Gospel will go to all the world and that eventually people from all nations will believe. </li></ul>Matthew 24:14; Mark 13:10-11; Luke 24:47-48; John 16 Revelation 5:9-10
    60. 60. C) The Transitional Solution <ul><li>2. The Epistles describe how Christians can rely on Christ and experience the Holy Spirit progressively transforming them into joyful, holy people, even through hardships and pain. </li></ul>John 14 - 16 Romans through Jude 2. The Epistles describe how Christians can rely on Christ and experience the Holy Spirit progressively transforming them into joyful, holy people, even through hardships and pain.
    61. 61. C) The Transitional Solution <ul><li>Will evil and suffering </li></ul><ul><li>always remain though? </li></ul>
    62. 62. D) The Ultimate Solution: Christ Returns and Establishes His Full Kingdom <ul><li>The Bible says that after the Gospel has gone to all nations, Christ will return to earth during a time of severe hardships. The dead will be raised and there will be a final judgment of all people. </li></ul>Matthew 24 - 25; Mark 13; Luke 21 Revelation 4 - 20
    63. 63. D) The Ultimate Solution <ul><li>Those who have resisted God will face an eternity of paying for their sins. </li></ul>Matthew 25; Luke 21 Revelation 20:11-15
    64. 64. D) The Ultimate Solution <ul><li>Those who have turned back to God and trusted in Christ will be forgiven & welcomed into God’s full kingdom. Their remaining corrupt tendencies will be purged and they will joyously experience life as it was originally intended under God. </li></ul>Matthew 25 Revelation 21 - 22
    65. 65. D) The Ultimate Solution <ul><li>This story ends then, and a new one of eternal wholeness and delight in God begins—one we can only barely imagine. </li></ul>
    66. 66. Review <ul><li>Part 1 - The Beginning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A) The Story Set-up: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>God Creates a Good World </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B) The Conflict / Problem: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People Rebel and Throw the World Into Disarray </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C) The Solution - First Phase: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>God’s Chooses Abraham and Some of His Descendents </li></ul></ul>Genesis Ancient Times ~1800+ BC
    67. 67. Review <ul><li>Part 2 - The Middle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A) The Second Part Set-up: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>God Establishes Israel As His Chosen Nation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B) The Conflict / Problem: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Israelites Usually Don’t Trust in God </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C) The Solution - Second Phase: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>God Promises to Send a Savior </li></ul></ul>The Rest of the Old Testament ~1500 BC ~400+ BC
    68. 68. Review <ul><li>Part 3 - The End </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A) The Final Part Set-up: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>God Sends Jesus to Save the World </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B) The Conflict / Problem: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evil & Suffering Are Still Widespread </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C) The Transitional Solution: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Holy Spirit’s Workings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D) The Ultimate Solution: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Christ Returns and Establishes His Full Kingdom </li></ul></ul>The New Testament The Future ~0 AD
    69. 69. Some Story Implications:
    70. 70. 1. God is patiently giving people the opportunity to turn back to Him <ul><li>2 Peter 3:3-9: “First of all, you must understand that in the last days scoffers will come . . . They will say, &quot;Where is this 'coming' he promised? Ever since our fathers died, everything goes on as it has since the beginning of creation.&quot; . . . But do not forget this one thing, dear friends: With the Lord a day is like a thousand years, and a thousand years are like a day. The Lord is not slow in keeping his promise . . . He is patient with you, not wanting anyone to perish, but everyone to come to repentance .” </li></ul>
    71. 71. 2. Our opportunities have unknown time limits <ul><li>God gave people in the Old Testament centuries of warnings to turn back to him, but when they refused to do so, eventually judgment came. </li></ul><ul><li>God offers us eternal life and a place in his kingdom. But our opportunity to trust in Christ can run out by our death, Christ’s return OR our own hardness of heart. (Hebrews 3 & 4) </li></ul>
    72. 72. 3. How do you fit into the story? <ul><li>The Bible says God is actively drawing people to Christ. (e.g., John 6:44) </li></ul><ul><li>God wants us on his good side, but he does not force us. </li></ul><ul><li>Our responses fix our roles in the story, and our eternal destinies. </li></ul><ul><li>Our world is currently in the 3 rd part of the story, nearing the very end. </li></ul><ul><li>The plot is revealed. Who plays what role is not. Where do you want to be? </li></ul>
    73. 73. To Explore More: <ul><li>Review this PowerPoint at comumn.org </li></ul><ul><li>Download there, in English or in Chinese: “A Short Guide to the Bible” (includes a Bible timeline, Bible history, and key selections Bible reading plan) </li></ul><ul><li>Join a Bible study </li></ul>
    74. 74. Discussion Questions <ul><li>What questions do you have about this? </li></ul>