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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
CHEMISTRY
IB - ASL
By Chandan Pandey
B.Tech (Mechanical Engineering) – IIT Guwahati
CH - 10
C
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CHAPTER - 10ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
Introduction
Alkanes
Alkenes
Alcohols
Halogenoalkanes
Reaction pat...
C
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E
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CHAPTER - 10ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
Introduction
Alkanes
Alkenes
Alcohols
Halogenoalkanes
Reaction pat...
C
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D
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P
A
N
D
E
Y
CHAPTER - 10
ALKANES
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkanes
ALKANE = CnH2n+2
General Molecular For...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkanes
MOLECULAR FORMULA OF “ALKANE”
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkanes
If n=1
CnH2n+2 C1H4 CH4
Methane
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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A
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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkanes
If n=2
CnH2n+2 C2H6
Ethane
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkanes
If n=3
CnH2n+2 C3H8
Propane
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkanes
If n=4
CnH2n+2 C4H10
Butane
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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N
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A
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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkanes
If n=5
CnH2n+2 C5H12
Pentane
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkanes
If n=6
CnH2n+2 C6H14
Hexane
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkanes
STRUCTURAL FORMULA OF “ALKANE”
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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N
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P
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E
Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkanes
C
1
H
H
H H
Methane
Meth = 1 Carbon
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkanes
C
1
H
H
H H
Methane
CH4
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkanes
C
1
H
H
H
2
H
H
HC
Ethane
Eth = 2 Carb...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkanes
C
1
H
H
H
2
H
H
HC
Ethane
CH3
CH3
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkanes
C
2
H
H
3
H
H
HC
Propane
C
1
H
H
HProp...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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N
D
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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkanes
Propane
C
2
H
H
3
H
H
HCC
1
H
H
H
CH3 ...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkanes
C
2
H
H
4
H
H
HC
Butane
C
1
H
H
H
C
3
...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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N
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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkanes
Butane
C
2
H
H
4
H
H
HCC
1
H
H
H
C
3
H...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkanes
Methylpropane
C
2
H
C
1
H
H
H
C
3
H
H
...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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A
N
D
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N
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Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkanes
Methylpropane
C
2
H
C
1
H
H
H
C
3
H
H
...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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A
N
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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkanes
Methylpropane Isobutane 2-Methylpropan...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
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Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkaness
H
H
H
H
H
Pentane
H
H
H
H
H
2 51 3 4
...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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N
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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkanes
Pentane
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
2 51 3 4
H...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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N
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A
N
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Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkanes
Methylbutane
C
2
H
C
1
H
H
H
C
3
H
H
H...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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A
N
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Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkanes
C
2
H
C
1
H
H
H
C
3
H
H
H
H HC
C
4
H
H...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkanes
Dimethylpropane
C2
C
1
H
H
H
C
3
H
H
H...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkanes
Dimethylpropane
C
2
C
1
H
H
H
C
3
H
H
...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkanes
Dimethylpropane
Neopentane
2,2-Dimethy...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkanes
CHEMICAL REACTION OF “ALKANE”
C
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D
A
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P
A
N
D
E
Y
CHAPTER - 10ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
Introduction
Alkanes
Alkenes
Alcohols
Halogenoalkanes
Reaction pat...
C
H
A
N
D
A
N
P
A
N
D
E
Y
CHAPTER - 10
ALKENES
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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E
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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkenes
ALKENE = CnH2n
General Molecular Formu...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkenes
MOLECULAR FORMULA OF “ALKENE”
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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D
A
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E
Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkenes
If n=2
CnH2n C2H4
Ethene
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkenes
If n=3
CnH2n C3H6
Propene
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkenes
If n=4
CnH2n C4H8
Butene
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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D
A
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N
D
E
Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkenes
If n=5
CnH2n C5H10
Pentene
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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D
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P
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E
Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkenes
If n=6
CnH2n C6H12
Hexene
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkenes
STRUCTURAL FORMULA OF “ALKENE”
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkenes
C
1
H
H
2
H
H
C
Ethene
Eth = 2 Carbons...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkenes
Ethene
C
1
H
H
2
H
H
CC2H4
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkenes
C
1
H
H
2
H
C
Propene
Prop = 3 Carbons...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
H
A
N
D
A
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P
A
N
D
E
Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkenes
Propene
C3H6 C
1
H
H
2
H
C
3
H
H
C H
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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N
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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkenes
C
1
H
H
2
H
C
Butene
But = 4 Carbons
e...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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A
N
D
A
N
P
A
N
D
E
Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkenes
Butene
C4H8 C
1
H
H
2
H
C
3
H
H
C
4
H
...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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D
A
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P
A
N
D
E
Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkenes
C
1
H
H
2
H
C
Butene
But = 4 Carbons
e...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
H
A
N
D
A
N
P
A
N
D
E
Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkenes
Butene
C4H8
But-2-ene
C
1
H
H
2
H
C
3
...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
H
A
N
D
A
N
P
A
N
D
E
Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkenes
CHEMICAL REACTION OF “ALKENE”
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
H
A
N
D
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P
A
N
D
E
Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkenes
Bromination: Reaction with Bromine (Br...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
H
A
N
D
A
N
P
A
N
D
E
Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkenes
Bromination: Reaction with Bromine (Br...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
H
A
N
D
A
N
P
A
N
D
E
Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkenes
Hydrohalogenation: Reaction with HCl
C...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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A
N
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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkenes
Hydrohalogenation: Reaction with HCl
H...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkenes
Hydrogenation: Reaction with Hydrogen ...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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A
N
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P
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N
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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkenes
Hydrogenation: Reaction with Hydrogen ...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
H
A
N
D
A
N
P
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N
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chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkenes
Hydration: Reaction with Water (H2O)
C...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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A
N
D
A
N
P
A
N
D
E
Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkenes
Hydration: Reaction with Water (H2O)
H...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
H
A
N
D
A
N
P
A
N
D
E
Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkenes
Polymerisation of Ethene
CH2 CH2n CH2 ...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
H
A
N
D
A
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N
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Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkenes
Polymerisation of Ethene
CH2 CH2 n( )
...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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A
N
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A
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P
A
N
D
E
Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkenes
Polymerisation of Chloroethene
CH2 CHC...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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A
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P
A
N
D
E
Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkenes
Polymerisation of Chloroethene
CH2 CHC...
C
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A
N
D
A
N
P
A
N
D
E
Y
CHAPTER - 10ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
Introduction
Alkanes
Alkenes
Alcohols
Halogenoalkanes
Reaction pat...
C
H
A
N
D
A
N
P
A
N
D
E
Y
CHAPTER - 10
ALCOHOLS
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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A
N
D
A
N
P
A
N
D
E
Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alcohols
ALCOHOL
Functional Group
OH
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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A
N
D
A
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P
A
N
D
E
Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alcohol
STRUCTURAL FORMULA OF “ALCOHOL”
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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A
N
D
A
N
P
A
N
D
E
Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alcohol
C
1
H
H
H OH
Methanol
Meth = 1 CarbonOH
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
H
A
N
D
A
N
P
A
N
D
E
Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alcohol
C
1
H
H
H OH
Methanol
CH3 OH
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
H
A
N
D
A
N
P
A
N
D
E
Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alcohol
C
2
H
H
H
1
H
H
C
Ethanol
Eth = 2 Carb...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
H
A
N
D
A
N
P
A
N
D
E
Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alcohol
C
2
H
H
H
1
H
H
OHC
Ethanol
CH3
CH2 OH...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
H
A
N
D
A
N
P
A
N
D
E
Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alcohol
C
2
H
H
1
H
H
C
Propanol
C
3
H
H
HProp...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
H
A
N
D
A
N
P
A
N
D
E
Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alcohol
Propanol
C
2
H
H
1
H
H
OHCC
3
H
H
H
CH...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
H
A
N
D
A
N
P
A
N
D
E
Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alcohol
C
2
H
H
1
H
H
OHCC
3
H
H
H 1-Propanol
...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
H
A
N
D
A
N
P
A
N
D
E
Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alcohol
C
2
OH
H
1
H
H
HCC
3
H
H
H 2-Propanol
...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
H
A
N
D
A
N
P
A
N
D
E
Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alcohol
CLASS/DEGREE OF “ALCOHOL”
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
H
A
N
D
A
N
P
A
N
D
E
Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alcohol
Primary Alcohol
Look for the C with
wh...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
H
A
N
D
A
N
P
A
N
D
E
Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alcohol
Secondary Alcohol
Look for the C with
...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
H
A
N
D
A
N
P
A
N
D
E
Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alcohol
Tertiary Alcohol
Look for the C with
w...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
H
A
N
D
A
N
P
A
N
D
E
Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alcohol
PREPARATION OF “ALCOHOL”
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
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A
N
D
A
N
P
A
N
D
E
Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alkenes
Bromination: Reaction with Bromine (Br...
10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
C
H
A
N
D
A
N
P
A
N
D
E
Y
chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com
Alcohol
CHEMICAL REACTION OF “ALCOHOL”
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Ibdp chapter 10-organic chemistry - (sample)

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Ibdp chapter 10-organic chemistry - (sample)

  1. 1. chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com CHEMISTRY IB - ASL By Chandan Pandey B.Tech (Mechanical Engineering) – IIT Guwahati CH - 10
  2. 2. C H A N D A N P A N D E Y CHAPTER - 10ORGANIC CHEMISTRY Introduction Alkanes Alkenes Alcohols Halogenoalkanes Reaction pathways Introduction (AHL) Nucleophilic substitution reactions (AHL) Elimination reactions (AHL) Condensation reactions (AHL) Reaction pathways (AHL) Stereoisomerism (AHL)
  3. 3. C H A N D A N P A N D E Y CHAPTER - 10ORGANIC CHEMISTRY Introduction Alkanes Alkenes Alcohols Halogenoalkanes Reaction pathways Introduction (AHL) Nucleophilic substitution reactions (AHL) Elimination reactions (AHL) Condensation reactions (AHL) Reaction pathways (AHL) Stereoisomerism (AHL)
  4. 4. C H A N D A N P A N D E Y CHAPTER - 10 ALKANES
  5. 5. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkanes ALKANE = CnH2n+2 General Molecular Formula Homologous Series
  6. 6. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkanes MOLECULAR FORMULA OF “ALKANE”
  7. 7. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkanes If n=1 CnH2n+2 C1H4 CH4 Methane
  8. 8. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkanes If n=2 CnH2n+2 C2H6 Ethane
  9. 9. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkanes If n=3 CnH2n+2 C3H8 Propane
  10. 10. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkanes If n=4 CnH2n+2 C4H10 Butane
  11. 11. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkanes If n=5 CnH2n+2 C5H12 Pentane
  12. 12. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkanes If n=6 CnH2n+2 C6H14 Hexane
  13. 13. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkanes STRUCTURAL FORMULA OF “ALKANE”
  14. 14. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkanes C 1 H H H H Methane Meth = 1 Carbon
  15. 15. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkanes C 1 H H H H Methane CH4
  16. 16. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkanes C 1 H H H 2 H H HC Ethane Eth = 2 Carbons
  17. 17. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkanes C 1 H H H 2 H H HC Ethane CH3 CH3
  18. 18. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkanes C 2 H H 3 H H HC Propane C 1 H H HProp = 3 Carbons
  19. 19. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkanes Propane C 2 H H 3 H H HCC 1 H H H CH3 CH2 CH3
  20. 20. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkanes C 2 H H 4 H H HC Butane C 1 H H H C 3 H H But = 4 Carbons
  21. 21. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkanes Butane C 2 H H 4 H H HCC 1 H H H C 3 H H CH3 CH2 CH3CH2
  22. 22. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkanes Methylpropane C 2 H C 1 H H H C 3 H H H H H HC Methyl
  23. 23. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkanes Methylpropane C 2 H C 1 H H H C 3 H H H H H HC Isobutane 2-Methylpropane
  24. 24. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkanes Methylpropane Isobutane 2-Methylpropane CH3 CH CH3 CH3
  25. 25. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkaness H H H H H Pentane H H H H H 2 51 3 4 H H C CC C C Pent = 5 Carbons
  26. 26. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkanes Pentane H H H H H H H H H H 2 51 3 4 H H C CC C C CH3 CH2 CH2CH2 CH3
  27. 27. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkanes Methylbutane C 2 H C 1 H H H C 3 H H H H HC Methyl C 4 H H H
  28. 28. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkanes C 2 H C 1 H H H C 3 H H H H HC C 4 H H H Methylbutane Isopentane 2-Methylbutane
  29. 29. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkanes Dimethylpropane C2 C 1 H H H C 3 H H H H H HC Methyl H HC H Methyl
  30. 30. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkanes Dimethylpropane C 2 C 1 H H H C 3 H H H H H HC H HC H Neopentane 2,2-Dimethylpentane
  31. 31. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkanes Dimethylpropane Neopentane 2,2-Dimethylpentane CH3 C CH3 CH3 CH3
  32. 32. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkanes CHEMICAL REACTION OF “ALKANE”
  33. 33. C H A N D A N P A N D E Y CHAPTER - 10ORGANIC CHEMISTRY Introduction Alkanes Alkenes Alcohols Halogenoalkanes Reaction pathways Introduction (AHL) Nucleophilic substitution reactions (AHL) Elimination reactions (AHL) Condensation reactions (AHL) Reaction pathways (AHL) Stereoisomerism (AHL)
  34. 34. C H A N D A N P A N D E Y CHAPTER - 10 ALKENES
  35. 35. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkenes ALKENE = CnH2n General Molecular Formula Homologous Series
  36. 36. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkenes MOLECULAR FORMULA OF “ALKENE”
  37. 37. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkenes If n=2 CnH2n C2H4 Ethene
  38. 38. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkenes If n=3 CnH2n C3H6 Propene
  39. 39. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkenes If n=4 CnH2n C4H8 Butene
  40. 40. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkenes If n=5 CnH2n C5H10 Pentene
  41. 41. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkenes If n=6 CnH2n C6H12 Hexene
  42. 42. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkenes STRUCTURAL FORMULA OF “ALKENE”
  43. 43. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkenes C 1 H H 2 H H C Ethene Eth = 2 Carbons ene = 1 pi bond
  44. 44. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkenes Ethene C 1 H H 2 H H CC2H4
  45. 45. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkenes C 1 H H 2 H C Propene Prop = 3 Carbons ene = 1 pi bond 3 H H C H
  46. 46. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkenes Propene C3H6 C 1 H H 2 H C 3 H H C H
  47. 47. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkenes C 1 H H 2 H C Butene But = 4 Carbons ene = 1 pi bond 3 H H C 4 H H C H But-1-ene 1-ene ==> Double bond between C-1 & C-2
  48. 48. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkenes Butene C4H8 C 1 H H 2 H C 3 H H C 4 H H C H But-1-ene
  49. 49. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkenes C 1 H H 2 H C Butene But = 4 Carbons ene = 1 pi bond 3 H H C 4 H H C H But-2-ene 2-ene ==> Double bond between C-2 & C-3
  50. 50. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkenes Butene C4H8 But-2-ene C 1 H H 2 H C 3 H H C 4 H H C H
  51. 51. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkenes CHEMICAL REACTION OF “ALKENE”
  52. 52. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkenes Bromination: Reaction with Bromine (Br2) C 1 H H 2 H C 3 H H C H +Br2 C 1 Br H 2 H C 3 H H C HH Br
  53. 53. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkenes Bromination: Reaction with Bromine (Br2) Br2 C 1 Br H 2 H C 3 H H C HH Br Br Br
  54. 54. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkenes Hydrohalogenation: Reaction with HCl C 1 H H 2 H C 3 H H C H +HCl C 1 H H 2 H C 3 H H C HH Cl
  55. 55. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkenes Hydrohalogenation: Reaction with HCl HCl C 1 H H 2 H C 3 H H C HH Cl H Cl H will be added to the C having more no. of H in the alkene. ATTENTION eg. C1 has 2 H and C2 has 1 H So, H will go to C1 and Cl will go to C2
  56. 56. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkenes Hydrogenation: Reaction with Hydrogen (H2) C 1 H H 2 H C 3 H H C H +H2 C 1 H H 2 H C 3 H H C HH H Ni
  57. 57. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkenes Hydrogenation: Reaction with Hydrogen (H2) H2 C 1 H H 2 H C 3 H H C HH H H H
  58. 58. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkenes Hydration: Reaction with Water (H2O) C 1 H H 2 H C 3 H H C H +H2O C 1 H H 2 H C 3 H H C HH OH Reaction is REVERSIBLE
  59. 59. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkenes Hydration: Reaction with Water (H2O) H2O C 1 H H 2 H C 3 H H C HH OH H OH H will be added to the C having more no. of H in the alkene. ATTENTION eg. C1 has 2 H and C2 has 1 H So, H will go to C1 and OH will go to C2
  60. 60. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkenes Polymerisation of Ethene CH2 CH2n CH2 CH2 n( ) Polyethene Polymer
  61. 61. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkenes Polymerisation of Ethene CH2 CH2 n( ) CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 CH2 1 2 3 n
  62. 62. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkenes Polymerisation of Chloroethene CH2 CHCln CH2 CHCl n( ) PVC – PolyVinyl Chloride
  63. 63. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkenes Polymerisation of Chloroethene CH2 CHCl n( ) CH2 CHCl CH2 CHCl CH2 CHCl CH2 CHCl 1 2 3 n
  64. 64. C H A N D A N P A N D E Y CHAPTER - 10ORGANIC CHEMISTRY Introduction Alkanes Alkenes Alcohols Halogenoalkanes Reaction pathways Introduction (AHL) Nucleophilic substitution reactions (AHL) Elimination reactions (AHL) Condensation reactions (AHL) Reaction pathways (AHL) Stereoisomerism (AHL)
  65. 65. C H A N D A N P A N D E Y CHAPTER - 10 ALCOHOLS
  66. 66. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alcohols ALCOHOL Functional Group OH
  67. 67. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alcohol STRUCTURAL FORMULA OF “ALCOHOL”
  68. 68. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alcohol C 1 H H H OH Methanol Meth = 1 CarbonOH
  69. 69. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alcohol C 1 H H H OH Methanol CH3 OH
  70. 70. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alcohol C 2 H H H 1 H H C Ethanol Eth = 2 Carbons OH OH
  71. 71. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alcohol C 2 H H H 1 H H OHC Ethanol CH3 CH2 OH C2H5 OH
  72. 72. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alcohol C 2 H H 1 H H C Propanol C 3 H H HProp = 3 Carbons OH OH
  73. 73. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alcohol Propanol C 2 H H 1 H H OHCC 3 H H H CH3 CH2 CH2 OH C3H7 OH
  74. 74. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alcohol C 2 H H 1 H H OHCC 3 H H H 1-Propanol Propan-1-ol CH3 CH2 CH2 OH
  75. 75. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alcohol C 2 OH H 1 H H HCC 3 H H H 2-Propanol Propan-2-ol CH3 CH CH3 OH
  76. 76. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alcohol CLASS/DEGREE OF “ALCOHOL”
  77. 77. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alcohol Primary Alcohol Look for the C with which –OH is bonded CH3 CH2 OH CH3 CH2 OHCH2 No. of directly bonded Carbons with which –OH is bonded must be one
  78. 78. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alcohol Secondary Alcohol Look for the C with which –OH is bonded CH3 CH3 OH CH No. of directly bonded Carbons with which –OH is bonded must be TWO
  79. 79. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alcohol Tertiary Alcohol Look for the C with which –OH is bonded No. of directly bonded Carbons with which –OH is bonded must be THREE CH3 CH3 OH C CH3
  80. 80. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alcohol PREPARATION OF “ALCOHOL”
  81. 81. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alkenes Bromination: Reaction with Bromine (Br2) C 1 H H 2 H C 3 H H C H +Br2 C 1 Br H 2 H C 3 H H C HH Br
  82. 82. 10 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C H A N D A N P A N D E Y chandan.iitg2002@gmail.com Alcohol CHEMICAL REACTION OF “ALCOHOL”

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