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Public speaking


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Public speaking

  1. 2. Contents: <ul><li>Meaning of Public Speaking </li></ul><ul><li>Activities involved </li></ul><ul><li>Selection of topic </li></ul><ul><li>Audience analysis. </li></ul><ul><li>Research the topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Planing and drafting the speech. </li></ul><ul><li>Organizing the speech. </li></ul><ul><li>Presenting the speech.(verbal and non verbal) </li></ul><ul><li>Developing confidence and overcoming fear. </li></ul>
  2. 3. Public Speaking <ul><li>Public speaking is a form of communication in which a person speaks face-to-face to a relatively large audience. </li></ul><ul><li>In public speaking, the speaker speak in a fairly continous manner. </li></ul><ul><li>In public speaking the focus of the event seems to be on speech itself. </li></ul>
  3. 4. Activities involves in Public Speaking <ul><li>Selection of topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Audience analysis. </li></ul><ul><li>Research the topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Planing and drafting the speech. </li></ul><ul><li>Organizing the speech. </li></ul><ul><li>Presenting the speech.(verbal and non verbal) </li></ul><ul><li>Developing confidence and overcoming fear. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Selection of Topic <ul><li>The speaker should adopt the topic one within his area of specialization and of his expert knowledge. If the speaker is not assigned any topic, he must find one based on following: </li></ul><ul><li>Background and knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>Interest of his audience. </li></ul><ul><li>Occasion of the speech. </li></ul><ul><li>Purposes of the speech. </li></ul><ul><li>(a) To inform </li></ul><ul><li>(b) To persuade </li></ul><ul><li>(c) To encourage </li></ul><ul><li>(d) To entertain </li></ul>
  5. 6. Audience Analysis <ul><li>Age 1. Facial expression </li></ul><ul><li>Background 2. Smiles </li></ul><ul><li>Attitude 3. Blank </li></ul><ul><li>Appearance 4. Movements </li></ul><ul><li>Context 5. Sounds </li></ul><ul><li>6. By asking questions </li></ul>Preliminary Analysis During Presentation
  6. 7. Researching the topic <ul><li>After the purpose of speech is determined, the speaker now he gather the additional information that could support the core idea. In some cases, this involves mentally and logically serching supporting experience for idea development. </li></ul><ul><li>In this context the speaker ask some question according to his speech: </li></ul><ul><li>If his speech in informative he will ask what and how questions. </li></ul><ul><li>If his speech is to promote common feelings he will ask why related question. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Planing and drafting the speech <ul><li>When preparing for a public speech each speaker should consult a wide variety of sources. When the research completes, the speaker should organize the all the information , arguments, and evidence into a complete outline. </li></ul><ul><li>Although variations are sometimes appropriate, usually he should follow the time honoured order in planing the speech: </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Body </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  8. 9. Organizing the speech <ul><li>It is just like the organizing the body of a report. The speaker takes the entire text and divides it into comparable parts. On the following lines he may organize the presentation and preparation of his speech. </li></ul><ul><li>Listener’s intrest on topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Preparing notes. </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation draft. </li></ul><ul><li>Preparing of questions. </li></ul><ul><li>Answer the questions. </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing with partner or small group. </li></ul><ul><li>Main points of presentation draft. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Organizing the speaking aids <ul><li>Guidelines for a speech manuscript. </li></ul><ul><li>Should be printed on one side. </li></ul><ul><li>Should have double or triple space. </li></ul><ul><li>Should be numbered clearly . </li></ul><ul><li>2. Guidelines for speaking notes. </li></ul><ul><li>Should be printed large enough. </li></ul><ul><li>Should be written on one side of card. </li></ul><ul><li>Should be numbered clearly. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Guidelines for using visual aids. </li></ul><ul><li>Should be relevant and large enough </li></ul><ul><li>Should neat and attractive. </li></ul><ul><li>Should be practised. </li></ul><ul><li>Should not keep looking at aid continously. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Presenting the speech <ul><li>Ways of delivering the speech </li></ul><ul><li>Extemporaneous presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Memorised presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation by reading. </li></ul><ul><li>Some other important aspects related to presentation: </li></ul><ul><li>Appearance and bodily actions. </li></ul><ul><li>Posture </li></ul><ul><li>Walking </li></ul><ul><li>Pitch </li></ul><ul><li>Use of voice </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid complex words </li></ul>
  11. 12. Developing confidence and overcoming fear <ul><li>Strategies to overcoming stage fear; </li></ul><ul><li>Know your subject well. </li></ul><ul><li>Rehearse several times </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-check the equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Carry the notes </li></ul><ul><li>Move during the speech </li></ul><ul><li>Breathe deeply and slowly before speaking </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain poise and enthusiasm </li></ul>
  12. 13. Things You Shouldn’t Do <ul><li>Read directly from notes </li></ul><ul><li>Read directly from screen </li></ul><ul><li>Turn back on audience </li></ul><ul><li>Slouch, hands in pockets </li></ul><ul><li>No um, ah, you knows </li></ul><ul><li>No nervous gestures </li></ul><ul><li>Talk too fast, </li></ul><ul><li>Talk too quietly </li></ul>
  13. 14. Things You Should Do <ul><li>Eye contact </li></ul><ul><li>Can glance at notes </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate gestures </li></ul><ul><li>Rhetorical questions to </li></ul><ul><li>involve audience </li></ul>
  14. 15. Qualities of a speaker <ul><li>Confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Sincerity </li></ul><ul><li>Thoroughness </li></ul><ul><li>Friendliness </li></ul>