Weight loss (kg)
*P<0.05 vs control group
Duration of each study ranged from 4 to 12 months.
Wing. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1999;31(suppl):S547.
Loss of Fat-Free Mass
(% Total Weight Loss)
Reprinted with permission from Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord, Ballor
and Poehlman;18:35. Copyright 1994 Macmillan Publishers Ltd.
Relative Risk of CVD Mortality
Body Fat Category (% Weight as Fat)
Lee et al. Am J Clin Nutr 1999;69:373.
• The waist circumference is measured
by locating the upper hip bone and the
top of the right iliac crest and placing
a measuring tape in a horizontal plane
around the abdomen at the level of the
• Before reading the tape measure, the
tape should be snug but not
compressing the skin and should be
parallel to the floor
• The measurement is made at the end
of normal expiration
Lau DCW et al, Can Med Assoc J 2007;176 (8 suppl):S1-S13
Alberti KGMM et al. Lancet 2005;366:1059-1062. | Grundy SM et al. Circulation 2005;112:2735-2752.