Education sysem in india


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Education sysem in india

  1. 1. 1.Education system in Ancient India • History 3rd century B.C Oral education  Palm leaves , barks of trees  Classes  Book of laws , Arthasasthra
  2. 2. • Gurukul system Residential in nature Guru – Shishya Studies based on Vedas In Sanskrit language In addition with Phonology , Etymology , Metrics
  3. 3. • Teachers in ancient education  Acharya , Upadhyaya Ritualistic literatures , Upanishads Vedic literature for livelihood Brahmacharya , Samavarthana Invention of zero , Binary system , Earth motion , Distance between planets.
  4. 4. 2.Education system at the time of British raj Westernized elite was versed Between 1867 – 1941 literacy percentage increased In 1901 it is 5%, at 1947 it is 20%
  5. 5. 3.Education system after 1947 Maulana azad first educational minister Central government control New policies introduced NPE in 1986 , POA in 1986 , DPEP , Sarvasiksha abhiyan Female education , Open universities
  6. 6. NCERP is the apex body for curriculum CBSE , CISCE , NIOS ,Islamic Madarasa schooling Primary education up to 14 years Banned child labor ,introduced free education system Free and compulsory act 2009 District primary education programme 1994
  7. 7. •Secondary education In 1986 NPE provided environmental awareness It covers 14-18 years age, 88.5 million people at that age according to census 2001 Two third of the population remained out of school Extension of SSA to secondary education in the form of Madhyamika Siksha Abhiyan Kendriya Vidyalay project
  8. 8. •Home schooling  It is legal in India , even though it is less explored option Parents are free to teach their children at home
  9. 9. 4.Private education  Poor quality of public education Superior results by private education Also conducting extra curriculum activities Economically backward class not getting proper education The Teacher – Student ratio is good Even though some times poor students going for private education
  10. 10. •Higher education Higher education enrolments are low Two third of Universities , 90% colleges are rated as below average Our education system is the third largest in the world Governing body is UGC , coordinator between central and state board IIT enrolls 8000 students annually India failed to provide world class universities
  11. 11. 5.Technical education
  12. 12. It covers Engineering , Technology , Management , Pharmacy etc.. HRD control the technical education Technical education should be affiliated to AICTE Initiative to promote technical education A.P Government provided fee reimbursement Engineering colleges demanding huge donations
  13. 13. 6.Rural education
  14. 14. Present scenario Initiative to improve rural education Empowering girl child education  Community participation scheme  Midday meals  Sarva shiksha abhiyan Technology implementation
  15. 15. 7.Hurdles in the progress of rural education Corruption Lack of basic infrastructures Electricity Awareness
  16. 16. Suggestions Number of schools in rural area should be increased Corruption should be checked out Infrastructure development
  17. 17. Jawaharlal Nehru said “Educate a man and you can educate one person , Educate a women and you can educate the whole family”
  18. 18. 8.Women education in India History of women education in India Importance of women education Constitutional and policy frame work Education for girl
  19. 19. 9.Conclusions Introducing digital technology in education Thorough reformation of total educational system Rectification of reservation system Considering economic level , ability as base Providing free education , job opportunities for economically backward and scholar students Improvising public educational sector as infrastructure , practical teaching methods/techniques. Making hard rules against child labor