Telcommunications and remote circa 1998

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Chaim Yudkowsky, CPA, CITP, CGMA - Byte of Success

Delivered in 1998 at an event in rural Kentucky with many dignitaries including Commissioner Furchgott-Roth of the FCC at the time.

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Telcommunications and remote circa 1998

  1. 1. presented bypresented by Chaim Yudkowsky, CPAChaim Yudkowsky, CPA Telecommunications: The Impetus for Change
  2. 2. Quiz • In what year was the Ma Bell divestiture? – 1978 • In what year was the first IBM PC introduced? – 1980 • In what year did MTV debut? – 1980
  3. 3. Quiz • When did fax become small, phone-based, and affordable? – early 1980s • In what year was the first commercial cellular phone system introduced? – 1983 in Chicago • In what year was the World Wide Web introduced? – 1988 / 1990
  4. 4. What we will discuss • Internet impact • VPN • Telecommuting • Videoconferencing
  5. 5. The convergence of technologies • WebTV • Internet telephony • Computer telephony integration (CTI) • Smart house and home entertainment center • The Palm Pilot • By 2003, less than 10 percent of traffic will be voice!
  6. 6. Trend A Formal Apology Since inventing cellular and after introducing digital wireless, wireless office systems and cordless phones, anyone can get a hold of you no matter where you are. Sorry. Lucent Technology Ad
  7. 7. Trend • Worldcom & MCI / Qwest & LCI • Local phone competition • Cable competition • Satellite saturation – 1999 low-earth orbit satellites • Miniaturization and portability • Toll-free numbers • Number transportability / Avirnex
  8. 8. Trend • 50% shortage of skilled, trained personnel • 350,000 vacant IT jobs nationwide • U.S. economy needs more than 1.3 million new high tech workers over next 10 years • University of Phoenix • MD State Technology Scholarship • Execs still like face-to-face meetings most (44%); second is e-mail (34%); voice mail only 7%
  9. 9. Challenges • Shortage of the technology worker • Reaching out to children to be challenged • Keeping the innovations coming • Bringing the benefits of these technologies to inner city and rural communities • Corporations drawn to wired and employee saturated communities
  10. 10. The Internet • Changing how we communicate • Changing how we see the world and how the world sees us • Examples – E-commerce – Chat – Activism and politics – Education
  11. 11. “The average U.S. multinational with 100 remote users can save up to $1.8 million dollars over five years by using the Internet in lieu of traditional dial-up remote access.”
  12. 12. VPNs - Part 1 • What are they? – Virtual Private Network – Railways vs. Roadways – Using the Internet and private networks • How do they work? • Standardization - protocols – PPTP, IPsec, etc. – Winterm / Winframe
  13. 13. VPNs - Part 2 • Impact in business and education – Telecommuting – Rural access – International access – New institutional models for resources • Issues in VPNs
  14. 14. Telecommuting - Part 1 • What is it? – Increase productivity – More focus on what is performed not where – The virtual organization • How are some of these technologies changing it? – Working from the beach – Interactivity from a distance – Wired places to live or stay
  15. 15. Technology making telecommuting possible • PC • Fax • Multi-function devices • Cell phone • Internet / VPN / intranet • Videoconferencing
  16. 16. Telecommuting - Part 2 • Impact to economic development – Rural areas – Environmental – Infrastructure – Life style issues
  17. 17. Telecommuting - Part 3 • Impact to business and education – Work space shrinkage (25% to 50% over 10 years) – Offering alternatives – Setting up programs – Workforce development
  18. 18. Videoconferencing - Part 1 • Benefits and reasons for adoption – Cost of business travel – Increase productivity – Instant meetings – Breaking down the distance barrier – Interview remotely • Business or university
  19. 19. Videoconferencing - Part 2 • Distance learning – What is it? – How does it work? – Offering comprehensive training • Changing the adult education model – Aristotle vs. 3M U. – Old economy vs. new economy – Mass produced learning vs. natural learning
  20. 20. Conclusion Knowledge is Power Francis Bacon 1597
  21. 21. How are you changing for the future?

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