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Elements of Shape


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Elements of Shape

  2. 2. ELEMENT AND DESIGN<br />LINE - Line can be considered in two ways. The linear marks made with a pen or brush or the edge created when two shapes meet. <br />SHAPE - A shape is a self contained defined area of geometric or organic form. A positive shape in a painting automatically creates a negative shape. <br />DIRECTION - All lines have direction - Horizontal, Vertical or Oblique. Horizontal suggests calmness, stability and tranquillity. Vertical gives a feeling of balance, formality and alertness. Oblique suggests movement and action <br />SIZE - Size is simply the relationship of the area occupied by one shape to that of another. <br />TEXTURETexture is the surface quality of a shape - rough, smooth, soft hard glossy etc. Texture can be physical (tactile) or visual. <br />COLOURAlso called Hue<br />VALUEValue is the lightness or darkness of a colour. Value is also called Tone<br />
  3. 3. DEFFINITION AND HOW IT RELATES TO SHAPE<br />A shape is an enclosed object. Shapes can be created by line, or by color and value changes which define their edges.<br />Volume and Mass<br />Shape is considered to be a two-dimensional element, while three-dimensional elements have volume or mass. Therefore, a painting has shapes, while a sculpture has volume and mass.<br />Positive/Negative shapes<br />In a picture, the shapes that the artist has placed are considered the positive shapes. The spaces around the shapes are the negative spaces. It is just as important to consider the negative space in a picture as the positive shapes. Sometimes artists create pieces that have no distinction between positive and negative spaces. M. C. Escher was a master at creating drawings where there was no distinction between positive and negative space. Here are two examples of Escher&apos;s work which show the interplay between positive and negative space:<br /> Horses<br /> Sky and Water<br />
  4. 4. EXAMPLES<br />Some ways that you might use shapes in your design are to: <br /><ul><li>Organize, connect, separate
  5. 5. Symbolize an idea
  6. 6. Create movement
  7. 7. Provide texture or depth
  8. 8. Convey a mood or emotion
  9. 9. Provide emphasis
  10. 10. Provide a framework </li></li></ul><li>HOW IT IS USED<br />Shapes in Web design can be used in many ways: <br />add interest to a design <br />sustain interest <br />organize or separate elements <br />direct the eye through the design <br />
  11. 11. GEOMETRIC SHAPES<br />
  12. 12. NATURAL SHAPES<br />
  13. 13. ABSTRACT SHAPES<br />
  14. 14. BIBLIOGRAPHY<br /><br /><br /><br />