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  1. 1. 007 The impact of democracy in Ancient Greece and Rome, Judeo-Christian Tradition, Development in England, and the Enlightment
  2. 2. Democracy Ancient Greece and Rome Judeo-Christian Tradition Development in England Enlightment
  3. 3. Democracy <ul><li>Democracy is a form of government where the power is in the hands of citizens, either directly or through representatives. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Ancient Greece & Rome <ul><li>Direct democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Monarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Natural laws </li></ul><ul><li>Republic </li></ul><ul><li>Senate </li></ul><ul><li>Thanks to Cleisthenes and the Council of 500 that counseled the assembly and proposed laws, citizens were allowed to participate to in democracy. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Ancient Greece <ul><li>Direct democracy: the power was in the hands of citizens without representatives. Monarchy: form of government where the power is in the hands of a single person. </li></ul><ul><li>Natural laws: discoveries through reason and intelligence. </li></ul><ul><li>Direct democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Monarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Natural laws </li></ul><ul><li>Direct democracy and natural laws had a great impact on democracy because the power was in the hands of the people and Greeks were the first to creat three branches of government(Legislative, Executive and Judicial). </li></ul>
  6. 6. Ancient Rome <ul><li>Republic </li></ul><ul><li>Senate </li></ul><ul><li>Republic: form of government where the power is in the hands of citizens who have the right to elect leaders and representatives. </li></ul><ul><li>Senate: The supreme governing body, originally consisting only of aristocrats. </li></ul><ul><li>Rome had a significant impact on democracy by developing its written legal code which was practised equally and impartially to all citizens. Rome kept the Greece’s notion of democracy and to hand down democratic culture to civilations ahead. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Judeo-Christian Tradition <ul><li>Judaism </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>Islam </li></ul><ul><li>Renaissance </li></ul><ul><li>Reformation </li></ul>Christianity Islam Judaism
  8. 8. Terms & Names <ul><li>Judaism: a monotheistic religion founded by Abraham </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity: a monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus. </li></ul><ul><li>Islam: a monotheistic religion that developed in Arabia in the seventh century. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Terms & Names <ul><li>Renaissance: the renewed interest in classical culture which consisted in the restoration of old monuments and works of art. </li></ul><ul><li>Reformation: a religious reform movement developing the first Christian Churches that rejected the pope’s authority. </li></ul><ul><li>The Renaissance and the Reformation focused heavily on the importance of the individual. This concept would become an important part in the democratic revolutions ahead as well as the rise of political freedom in modern times. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Development in England <ul><li>Common law </li></ul><ul><li>Magna Carta </li></ul><ul><li>Divine right </li></ul><ul><li>Glorious Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Constitutional monarchy </li></ul><ul><li>English Bill of Rights </li></ul>
  11. 11. Terms & Names <ul><li>Common law: English law that reflected customs and principles established over time instead of the will of a ruler or lawmaker. </li></ul><ul><li>Magna Carta: Known as the “Great Charter”-a document guaranteeing basic political rights in England. </li></ul><ul><li>Divine right: the idea that monarchs are God’s representatives on Earth thus are only answerable to God. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Terms & Names <ul><li>Glorious Revolution: was the turning point in English constitutional history because Parliament established limits on the English monarchs power. </li></ul><ul><li>Constitutional monarchy: where the powers of the ruler are restricted by the constitution and the laws of the country. </li></ul><ul><li>English Bill of Rights: formal summary of the rights and freedom held as essential for the people. </li></ul>
  13. 13. The impact of the Development in England <ul><li>England’s Glorious Revolution and the bill of rights caused a significant impact. English citizens were guaranteed rule of law, parliamentary government, individual freedom and a constitutional monarchy. </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Enlightment <ul><li>Right to life, liberty, and property </li></ul><ul><li>Social contract </li></ul><ul><li>Natural rights </li></ul><ul><li>Separation of powers </li></ul>
  15. 15. The Intellectuals of the Enlightment Period
  16. 16. Terms & Names <ul><li>Right to life, liberty and property: Locke said that all human beings by nature had the right to life, liberty and property. These are known as “natural rights”. </li></ul><ul><li>Social contract: The social contract, an agreement by which people define and limit their individual rights, thus creating an organized society or government. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Terms & Names <ul><li>Separation of powers: the division of government in three branches: Legislature, Executive and courts. This basic plan is used today in the United States and also in other democratic countries. </li></ul>
  18. 18. The impact of the Enlightment <ul><li>The impact was significant with the intervention of the United Nations which protected basic human rights, the need for justice, the rule of law and the pursuit for social improvements. </li></ul>
  19. 19. The most important stage of democracy <ul><li>In conclusion, I think that the most important stage of the development of democracy was the “Development of democracy in England” because human rights were more respected. Thanks to Magna Carta human rights were defended and injustice disappeared with its clauses. For example, innocent people weren’t sent to prison without evidence and without going before to the court of law. </li></ul>
  20. 20. The most important stage of democracy <ul><li>This age was also important because Parliament became stronger and limited the power of the monarchy. In addition, the period of the Glorious Revolution was significantly important. Here the Parliament limited the power of the monarchs. There was also the development of the constitutional monarchy that resticted the power of the ruler by giving laws. </li></ul>
  21. 21. The most important stage of democracy <ul><li>Finally, the bill of rights that was fundamental for free speech in Parliament. </li></ul><ul><li>I think the other stages are less important because there the democracy was not completely strong because human rights were less respected. </li></ul>