A citizen-led air quality project

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A citizen-led air quality project

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION   Ci#zen  Cyberscience  Summit       London  Feb  20  -­‐  22,  2014     1  
  2. 2. Ci#zens  and  data   •  We  explore  frameworks  to  help  people  get   engaged  with  public  science  projects,  that   could  have  a  posi#ve  impact  on  the  living   condi#ons  in  a  city.   •  We  believe  the  public  should  have  the  ability   to  gather  data  about  what  they  care  about   most.   •  Example:  Air  Quality   Ci#zen  Cyberscience  Summit       London  Feb  20  -­‐  22,  2014     2  
  3. 3. Air  Quality  in  Madrid   Ci#zen  Cyberscience  Summit       London  Feb  20  -­‐  22,  2014     3  
  4. 4. Our  project  framework   1st  Understand  the  air  quality  problem  in  our  city   2nd  Propose  small  scale  experiments   3rd  Gather  relevant  data   4th  Propose  specific  small  scale  solu#ons   5th  Implement,  test  and  replicate  aVerwards                                                                                                                                                                                        …While  building  a  community        Ci#zen  Cyberscience  Summit      London  Feb  20  -­‐  22,  2014     4  
  5. 5. Building  a  community   •  Ci#zen  engagement  comes  from  personal   interest  on  this  issue.   •  The  public  express  real  concerns  and  doubts.   –  Respiratory  disorders   –  Parents’  concerns  regarding  the  wellbeing  of  their  children   •  Ci#zens  are  vital  contributors.   •  A  community  of  different  people  with   different  exper#se.     Ci#zen  Cyberscience  Summit       London  Feb  20  -­‐  22,  2014     5  
  6. 6. Mee#ng  experts     UNDERSTANDING  THE  PROBLEM   Ci#zen  Cyberscience  Summit       London  Feb  20  -­‐  22,  2014     6  
  7. 7. Medialab-­‐Prado   •  Ins#tu#on  situated  in   confluence  of  art,  culture   and  technology   •  Funded  by  Madrid  City   Local  Government   •  Facilitate  projects  related   to  this  topic,  offer   mee#ng  spaces  and  help   interested  par#es   maintain  contact  via  their   integrated  web-­‐space.     Ci#zen  Cyberscience  Summit       London  Feb  20  -­‐  22,  2014     7  
  8. 8. Meet  Félix  Pedrera   •  “Air  quality  data  in  our   city  can’t  be  accessed   real-­‐#me”   •  “Flat  text  files  only   available  on  demand  via   email”   •  “EU  mandates   environmental  data   should  be  open”   •  “We  should  ask  for   OpenData  API  access”    Ci#zen  Cyberscience  Summit       London  Feb  20  -­‐  22,  2014     Félix Pedrera R+D  Project  manager  (Mapping)   Elecnor  Deimos   OpenData  Advocate   8  
  9. 9. Meet  Roberto  San  Jose   •  “Climate  model   calcula#ons  resolu#on   up  to  4  Km  x  4  Km   areas”   •  “Dense  air  quality   sensor  networks  are  not   commonly  available”   •  “Official  sta#ons’  data   might  not  be  the  best   indicator  of  air  quality   you  are  breathing”   Roberto San Jose HEAD  OF  ENVIRONMENTAL  SOFTWARE   AND  MODELLING  GROUP   Computer  Science  School   Universidad  Politécnica  de  Madrid   Ci#zen  Cyberscience  Summit      London  Feb  20  -­‐  22,  2014     9  
  10. 10. DIY  data     Arduino  Workshops   •  Arduino  is  an  open  hardware  plaoorm   •  Weekly  workshops  allow  everyone  to  learn   how  to  use  it  for  DIY  projects   •  Explore  different  sensor  op#ons   Ci#zen  Cyberscience  Summit      London  Feb  20  -­‐  22,  2014     10  
  11. 11. First  Prototype   •  We  are  using  Air  Quality  Egg     –  Developed  by  ci#zen  groups:  Internet  Of  Things     Amsterdam,  New  York,  London  and  Madrid     –  Open  hardware  DIY  device   –  Records  CO,  NO2.  Expanded  to  O3,  PM,  Radia#on   –  Data  stored  in  Cosm  (Pachube)  plaoorm   –  Launched  successfully  in  Kickstarter     Ci#zen  Cyberscience  Summit       London  Feb  20  -­‐  22,  2014     11  
  12. 12. June  2012  Air  Quality  Egg   workshop   12  
  13. 13. June  2012  Air  Quality  Egg   workshop   13  
  14. 14. June  2012  ZigBee  Workshop  run   by  How  Lab  University  of  Zaragoza   14  
  15. 15. GATHERING  DATA   Ci#zen  Cyberscience  Summit       London  Feb  20  -­‐  22,  2014     15  
  16. 16. Meet  Juan  Felix   •  “NO2  and  PM  are  the   most  important   pollutants  in  Madrid”   •  “Cheap  sensor   technology  is  currently   unable  to  provide  a   complete  range  of   informa#on,  regarding   poten#ally  harmful   levels  of  pollu#on  in  the   air”   Ci#zen  Cyberscience  Summit       London  Feb  20  -­‐  22,  2014     Juan Felix Mateos Engineer  and  keen  runner   16  
  17. 17. July  2012  IoT  Madrid  Meetup  AQE,   data  &  metadata.   17  
  18. 18. August  2012  IoT  Madrid  Meetup   AQE,  data  &  metadata.   18  
  19. 19. Meet  Encarnación  Rodriguez   •  “Air  dynamics  might   create  areas  of  massive   pollu#on”   •  “In  Velazquez  street,   pollu#on  in  one   sidewalk  can  be  triple   that  in  the  other”   •  “How  do  we  design   street  level  services?   Bike  lanes,  furniture,   etc.”   Encarnarción Rodriguez HEAD  OF  INDUSTRIAL  CHEMISTRY     AND  AMBIENTAL  SCIENCES   Industrial  Engineering  School   Universidad  Politécnica  de  Madrid   Ci#zen  Cyberscience  Summit       London  Feb  20  -­‐  22,  2014     19  
  20. 20. AQE  calibra#on  at  ETSII  (UPM)   •  June  2013:  Alejandro   Martnez’s  presenta#on  of   the  provisional  results  of   the  calibra#on  of  the  AQE:   hup://medialab-­‐prado.es/ar#cle/ iotmad12062013    Ci#zen  Cyberscience  Summit       London  Feb  20  -­‐  22,  2014     20  
  21. 21. Making  sense  of  data   CONNECTING  ELEMENTS   Ci#zen  Cyberscience  Summit       London  Feb  20  -­‐  22,  2014     21  
  22. 22. Standards  based  approach   •  Use  W3C  Seman#c  Sensor  Network  (SSN)   •  Data  can  be  compared  among:   –  Different  ci#es   –  Different  sensor  devices   –  Different  ci#zen  plaoorms   –  Official  sta#ons  and  ci#zen  devices   •  Working  with  Ontology  Engineering  Group  at   Universidad  Politécnica  de  Madrid    Ci#zen  Cyberscience  Summit       London  Feb  20  -­‐  22,  2014     22  
  23. 23. July  2012  IoT  Madrid  Meetup:  Data  &  Metadata  on   ci#zen-­‐led  air  quality  projects   23  
  24. 24. Open  device  library   PREVENTING  THE  DIGITAL  BREACH   Ci#zen  Cyberscience  Summit      London  Feb  20  -­‐  22,  2014     24  
  25. 25. Open  library   •  Prototype  library  at   Medialab-­‐Prado   •  Offers  also:   –  Manuals   –  Know-­‐how   –  Community     –  Mee#ng  point   –  Recorded  sessions   Ci#zen  Cyberscience  Summit      London  Feb  20  -­‐  22,  2014     25  
  26. 26. Library  Role   •  In  the  past,  it  enabled  anyone  to  educate  themselves   •  Ongoing  role  in  the  21st  century  offering  digital  tools   •  The  public  can  work  towards  more  sustainable  ci#es     Ci#zen  Cyberscience  Summit       London  Feb  20  -­‐  22,  2014     26  
  27. 27. Ci#zen  Cyberscience  Summit       London  Feb  20  -­‐  22,  2014     27  
  28. 28. WHAT  ARE  THE  CHALLENGES?   Ci#zen  Cyberscience  Summit       London  Feb  20  -­‐  22,  2014     28  
  29. 29. Sustainability   •  How  to  make  it  economically  sustainable   –  Dedicated  staff  to  take  care  of  library  lending   –  Physical  maintenance  of  prototypes   –  Documen#ng  updates   –  Knowledge  transfer  agents   •  How  to  track  and  document  shared   knowledge     Ci#zen  Cyberscience  Summit       London  Feb  20  -­‐  22,  2014     29  
  30. 30. Sensor  technology   Calibrated  sensors  are  expensive   Exploring  low  cost  calibra#on  methods   New  devices  have  different  replacement  rates   Raising  awareness  of  sensor  limita#ons  vs   official  sta#ons   •  Designed  to  complement  and  not  replace  city   data   •  •  •  •  Ci#zen  Cyberscience  Summit       London  Feb  20  -­‐  22,  2014     30  
  31. 31. Expanding  library   •  •  •  •  Integra#ng  new  devices  and  prototypes   Exploring  other  natural  phenomena  like  noise   Keep  people  mo#vated   Prevent  burnout  of  early  adopters       Ci#zen  Cyberscience  Summit       London  Feb  20  -­‐  22,  2014     31  
  32. 32. Great  Opportunity   •  Joint  project  involving  ci#zens,  government,   universi#es  and  enterprises   •   We’re  crea#ng  a  complete  framework  for   urban  collabora#on:  sensors,  models  and   methods  towards  a  common  goal   •  Connect  engaged  ci#zens  to  sustainable   connected  ci#es   Ci#zen  Cyberscience  Summit       London  Feb  20  -­‐  22,  2014     32  
  33. 33. Thank  you!         Data  Ci5zen  Driven  City   www.dcdcity.com     César  García     cesargarciasaez@gmail.com   @elsatch   Sara  Alvarellos     saralvarellos@gmail.com   @trecedejunio   Ci#zen  Cyberscience  Summit       London  Feb  20  -­‐  22,  2014     33  

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