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Alain Delcourt
Cerame-Unie President
1 December 2015
NON-MARKET ECONOMY STATUS CHINA
Overview
•Key facts
•Production trends by ceramic sector
•Trade overview
•Market economy status of China
1. Key facts
2. Production trends by ceramic sector
Source: Eurostat 2015
BILLIONEUROS
3. Trade overview
8.87
4.63
4.23
BILLIONEUROS
Ceramic exports:
Source: Eurostat 2015, Cerame-Unie data
4. Market economy status of China
• China's WTO accession protocol Article 15
• MES applies to anti-dumping investigations
• Determines normal value (dumping margin)
• China fails on 4 out of 5 market economy criteria
• Only one subparagraph expires: Art. 15 a) ii
• EU to evaluate impact before MES is granted
• EU to coordinate with international partners
1 OUT OF 5 TECHNICAL CRITERIA MET
4. Market economy status of China
Example Chinese Product: calculation of dumping margins
Export price to EU: €100
Compared against a
“Normal Value” = a reference price
China a non-Market Economy
Normal value: €130
Higher price, according to Third Country “Free
Market”
Calculation of dumping margin: 130 – 100 = 30
China has Market Economy Status
Normal value: €80
Lower price, according to state-run Chinese market
Calculation of dumping margin:
80 – 100 = no dumping
DUMPING MEASURES
POSSIBLE
DUMPING MEASURES
NOT POSSIBLE
VS.
4. Market economy status of China
• MES to be assessed in the context of TTIP negotiations
• Redirection of Chinese exports away from the US to EU market if EU grants MES to China
4. Market economy status of China
• Effect on the ceramic industry if MES is granted prematurely
• Around 338,000 jobs would be exposed in our sector (Eurostat)
• Includes a number of micro enterprises not represented by CU
• Cerame-Unie’s membership represents 200,000 direct jobs
• 100,000 ceramic direct jobs are being defended by anti-dumping measures:
• Ceramic wall and floor tiles
• Ceramic tableware
• Only efficient anti-dumping tools can level the playing field
4. Market economy status of China
Source: Eurostat 2015
• In force since Sept 2011
• Imports from China decreased by over 65%
• If AD measures were removed around
70,000 direct jobs are at risk
• Majority are SMEs
Impact of effective AD measures in the ceramic tiles sector 2011 - 2015
4. Market economy status of China
In absence of AD measures in ceramic tableware sector 2004-2011
• Period: 2004 – 2011
(no AD measures in place)
• China’s market share increased
from 20% to almost 70%
• Ceramic tableware sector lost
over 33,000 direct jobs
• Around 25,000 direct job
currently at risk if AD measures
are removed
Source: Eurostat 2015
4.Marketeconomystatus ofChina
• Political decisions cannot ignore economic realities
• Rigorous & transparent impact assessment
• China to demonstrate first it fulfils market economy criteria
• Until then, the EU should not grant Market Economy Status
• Any unilateral EU action would be irreversible
• EU should coordinate with major partners in the WTO
• Anti-subsidy instrument not accessible to SMEs
Alain Delcourt
Cerame-Unie President
1 December 2015
Thank you for your attention!
NON-MARKET ECONOMY STATUS CHINA

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Non-Market Economy Status of China | Alain Delcourt | EPCF 2015

  • 1. Alain Delcourt Cerame-Unie President 1 December 2015 NON-MARKET ECONOMY STATUS CHINA
  • 2. Overview •Key facts •Production trends by ceramic sector •Trade overview •Market economy status of China
  • 4. 2. Production trends by ceramic sector Source: Eurostat 2015 BILLIONEUROS
  • 5. 3. Trade overview 8.87 4.63 4.23 BILLIONEUROS Ceramic exports: Source: Eurostat 2015, Cerame-Unie data
  • 6. 4. Market economy status of China • China's WTO accession protocol Article 15 • MES applies to anti-dumping investigations • Determines normal value (dumping margin) • China fails on 4 out of 5 market economy criteria • Only one subparagraph expires: Art. 15 a) ii • EU to evaluate impact before MES is granted • EU to coordinate with international partners 1 OUT OF 5 TECHNICAL CRITERIA MET
  • 7. 4. Market economy status of China Example Chinese Product: calculation of dumping margins Export price to EU: €100 Compared against a “Normal Value” = a reference price China a non-Market Economy Normal value: €130 Higher price, according to Third Country “Free Market” Calculation of dumping margin: 130 – 100 = 30 China has Market Economy Status Normal value: €80 Lower price, according to state-run Chinese market Calculation of dumping margin: 80 – 100 = no dumping DUMPING MEASURES POSSIBLE DUMPING MEASURES NOT POSSIBLE VS.
  • 8. 4. Market economy status of China • MES to be assessed in the context of TTIP negotiations • Redirection of Chinese exports away from the US to EU market if EU grants MES to China
  • 9. 4. Market economy status of China • Effect on the ceramic industry if MES is granted prematurely • Around 338,000 jobs would be exposed in our sector (Eurostat) • Includes a number of micro enterprises not represented by CU • Cerame-Unie’s membership represents 200,000 direct jobs • 100,000 ceramic direct jobs are being defended by anti-dumping measures: • Ceramic wall and floor tiles • Ceramic tableware • Only efficient anti-dumping tools can level the playing field
  • 10. 4. Market economy status of China Source: Eurostat 2015 • In force since Sept 2011 • Imports from China decreased by over 65% • If AD measures were removed around 70,000 direct jobs are at risk • Majority are SMEs Impact of effective AD measures in the ceramic tiles sector 2011 - 2015
  • 11. 4. Market economy status of China In absence of AD measures in ceramic tableware sector 2004-2011 • Period: 2004 – 2011 (no AD measures in place) • China’s market share increased from 20% to almost 70% • Ceramic tableware sector lost over 33,000 direct jobs • Around 25,000 direct job currently at risk if AD measures are removed Source: Eurostat 2015
  • 12. 4.Marketeconomystatus ofChina • Political decisions cannot ignore economic realities • Rigorous & transparent impact assessment • China to demonstrate first it fulfils market economy criteria • Until then, the EU should not grant Market Economy Status • Any unilateral EU action would be irreversible • EU should coordinate with major partners in the WTO • Anti-subsidy instrument not accessible to SMEs
  • 13. Alain Delcourt Cerame-Unie President 1 December 2015 Thank you for your attention! NON-MARKET ECONOMY STATUS CHINA