GNH survey findings 2010 for      Chukha DzongkhagNote: The findings in this slides applies only to ChukhaDzongkhag unless...
Demographics
Psychological wellbeing
Health
Time Use and Balance
Education
Cultural Diversity
How well can you speak your mother tongue now?                         3.37%                       0.20%                  ...
Importance of Bhutanese Traditions                   8%             92%       Important        Very important
Do you think children respect elders?                  1.4%                            26.7%     35.3%                    ...
Do you think children respect parents?                  0.1%                          19.7%    41.9%                      ...
Do you think children practice discipline(drig)?                         2.2%         36.1%                  31.1%        ...
Do you think children practice honesty?                   0.5%       28.9%                          34.3%               36...
Do you think children practice tolerance?                       4.6%         22.2%                              43.3%     ...
Do you think children work hard?               0.6%                         27.5%   34.1%                 37.8%        Not...
Do you think children practice obedience to authority?                            0.6%                                    ...
Do you think children take care of family members and relatives?                                 0.4%                     ...
Do you think children help others?                0.8%    28.6%              27.1%               43.5%         Not at all ...
Do you think children practice impartiality towards rich, poor, etc?                                   5.4%               ...
Women are more suited for domestic work/ house work than men                  29.9%                                       ...
An education is more important for a boy than a girl                            15.6%                                   12...
On the whole, men make better leaders than women do                                33.1%           50.5%                  ...
Females tend to carry drip        10.0%    6.6%                 83.5%Agree           Neither agree nor disagreeDisagree
Do you take part in local festivals in your community?                            4.7%           50.9%                    ...
In a year, how many days do you spend attending social and cultural activities?                                  4.2%     ...
Frequency of playing traditional games in the past 12 months                              2.7%                         6.3...
Frequency of playing modern games in the past 12 months                        6.0%                     5.2%              ...
Is Driglam Namzha (etiquette) important?                     9.1%             90.9%         Important          Very import...
Change in Driglam Namzha (etiquette) during the last few years                                     23.2%                57...
During the last few years, most people in Bhutan have become                                       14.1%                  ...
During the last few years, most people in Bhutan have become                                    2.4%                      ...
During the last few years, most people in Bhutan have become                        15.7%                                 ...
During the last few years, most people in Bhutan have become                  32.0%             33.0%                     ...
During the last few years, most people in Bhutan have become                                   7.5%                       ...
During the last few years, most people in Bhutan have become                  35.1%                   31.8%               ...
Change in deterioration of traditional architectural designs in houses over the last 5yrs                                1...
Good Governance
Did you attend zomdue in the past 12 months?        39%                              61%                  No         Yes
Mean zomdue attendance in the past 12 months           55                                44                               ...
Performance of the dzongdag in the past 12 months                           5.2%                        0.2%              ...
Performance of the MP (National Assembly) in the past 12 months                                  3%                       ...
Performance of the MP (National Council) in the past 12 months                               3%2%                         ...
Did you vote for gup, MP or thromdey representative in the last election?                                           14%   ...
Voter turnout by gender                    Male                             Female                        9%              ...
Election process                3%                97%Free and fair         Not free and fair
Involved in case before the court in the past five years                             5%                       95%         ...
Freedom of media from government influences                   9%        12%         40%                                   ...
Freedom of media from government influences                   9%        12%         40%                                   ...
Do you have access to BBS Radio                    23%      77%            No        Yes
Do you have access to BBS TV                    29%   71%          No        Yes
Do you have access to newspapers                        44%   56%            No        Yes
Do you have access to internet  36%                       64%           No         Yes
Perception of corruption      15%21%                     63%  Common            Not common  Dont Know
No. of people involved in corruption in government sectors                         2.0%                    15.3%          ...
No. of people involved in corruption in private sectors                            3%                    19%              ...
No. of people involved in corruption in corporation                         1.0%                18.4%                     ...
Community Vitality
10         20   30         40    50                               0                   G                     el            ...
Tr                                  10         20   30  us                            0       tm         os           to  ...
Duration of stay in the community (in years)                         1.9%                                24.4%        54.5...
Did you give people unpaid voluntary help in the past 12 months?                 44%                                      ...
Did you give people unpaid voluntary help in the past 12 months?                    Male                                Fe...
Did you give people unpaid voluntary help in the past 12 months?                    1 Rural                             2 ...
Happiness levels of Pemagatshel by voluntary help             6.2                                         5.96420       Di...
In the past 12 months, did you donate money or goods?                                     10%                        90%  ...
2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000                             0                 Bo                     ng                         o ...
Sense of belonging to your local community                       5%                               30%        65%         W...
Sense of belonging to your local community by gewog       Bjachho               Bongo              Chapcha              Ch...
Sense of belonging to the community and voluntary help                    Weak                        Somewhat strong     ...
How much do you trust Bhutanese people in general?                               1%                27%                  22...
Trust in Bhutanese people in general by gender                  Male                        Female                  0%    ...
How much do you trust your neighbour?                        2%                             17%      40%                  ...
Trust in neighbour by gender                  Male                         Female                  1%                     ...
People in this community treat you fairly                    3%                   0%                            28%       ...
Would you say this is a neighbourhood where neighbours help each other?                                        3.8%       ...
Frequency of socializing with neighbours in the last month                          11%                                   ...
Frequency of socializing with neighbours by gender                   Male                               Female            ...
Frequency of socializing with relatives in the last month                             5%                                  ...
Frequency of socializing with relatives by gender                   Male                               Female             ...
Enmity in the community in the past 12 months                        7%                 93%                  Yes         No
Members of your family really care about each other                           3%                         1%               ...
You wish you were not part of your family                     2%                    2%                 96%             Agr...
Members of your family argue too much                  2%                       19%         79%           Agree          N...
You feel like a stranger in your family                   2%                  2%               96%           Agree        ...
You have enough time to spend with your family                           5%                                31%          64...
There is a lot of understanding in your family                           6%                      1%                 93%   ...
Your family is a real source of comfort to you                          3%4%                  94%               Disagree  ...
Have you been a victim of crime in the last 12 months?                             2%                       98%           ...
Did you see/know other people being victimized of crime in the last 12 months?                                           1...
Safety from human harm in the neighbourhood/village                             19%                                   13% ...
Safety from human harm in the village by gender                  Male                           Female                    ...
Safety from wild animals in the neighbourhood/village                              14%                                    ...
Safety from ghosts in the neighbourhood/village                           13%                                  24%        ...
Safety from ghosts in the village by gender                  Male                           Female                     10%...
Ecological Diversity
Do you feel responsible for conserving the natural environment?                                 0.9%                      ...
There should be tougher anti-pollution law                    2.9%                  0.1%                              33.6...
Community environmental problem: Landslides          31%                                38%            13%                ...
Community environmental problem: Floods        34%                   36%            13%                        17%      A ...
Community environmental problem: Erratic weather patterns                       13%                                    36%...
Community environmental problem: Littering          26%                               37%          18%                    ...
How often did you reuse materials in the past 12 months?                    19%             19%              20%          ...
How often did you try to reduce waste in the past 12 months?                                      9%                41%   ...
How often did you segregate waste in the past 12 months?                32%                       34%                   16...
During the past 12 months did you plant trees?                                40%         60%                   Yes       ...
Agricultural land lost to development by farmers in the last 5yrs                                  6%                     ...
Land lost as a result of growing trees naturally on your land                                6%                39%        ...
Do you have adequate access to water supply?            21%                          79%                  Yes        No
By gewog: Do you have adequate access to water supply?       Bjachho        Bongo                  Chapcha            Chuk...
Quality of drinking water                   4%              3%                        12%37%                   43%Very poo...
Do you own a vehicle?                   39%61%        Yes        No
Modes of transportation used in the past 12 months                           2%                         6%                ...
Use of public transport in last month                1%             7%2%     28%                           61%  Hardly eve...
Types of fuel used most often for cooking                       1%                             29%      52%               ...
How do you usually heat your dwelling?        26.5%                           48.4%         24.1%     0.4%                ...
Awareness about climate change                 14%      11%                                 32%           43%Not at all   ...
Awareness about climate change                  Male                        Female            16%      10%                ...
Change in vegetation cover as compared to previous years                33%                                   38%         ...
Mode of household waste disposal                            1.1%                           0.8%                           ...
Quality of agricultural land of farmers                         6%                    2%       30%                        ...
Agricultural constraints: Wild life        22%                           42%  13%              22%   Major constraint     ...
Agricultural constraints: Pest and diseases              18%          21%        27%                           35%        ...
Agricultural constraints: Labour shortage                         5%                              12%                     ...
Extent of damages caused by wild animals to crops              24%             26%             23%                        ...
Do you have any land that have not been cultivated due to wild life threats?                                        13%   ...
Have you lost any livestock to predators?                      5%                    2%                       4%          ...
100         150   200                                                 50                                   0              ...
Living Standard
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Chukha GNH Result 2011

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Chukha GNH Result 2011

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Chukha GNH Result 2011

  1. 1. GNH survey findings 2010 for Chukha DzongkhagNote: The findings in this slides applies only to ChukhaDzongkhag unless otherwise stated. The Centre for Bhutan Studies
  2. 2. Demographics
  3. 3. Psychological wellbeing
  4. 4. Health
  5. 5. Time Use and Balance
  6. 6. Education
  7. 7. Cultural Diversity
  8. 8. How well can you speak your mother tongue now? 3.37% 0.20% 0.12% 96.31% Not at all Only a little Quite well Very well
  9. 9. Importance of Bhutanese Traditions 8% 92% Important Very important
  10. 10. Do you think children respect elders? 1.4% 26.7% 35.3% 36.6% Not at all A little Quite a lot A lot
  11. 11. Do you think children respect parents? 0.1% 19.7% 41.9% 38.3% Not at all A little Quite a lot A lot
  12. 12. Do you think children practice discipline(drig)? 2.2% 36.1% 31.1% 30.6% Not at all A little Quite a lot A lot
  13. 13. Do you think children practice honesty? 0.5% 28.9% 34.3% 36.4% Not at all A little Quite a lot A lot
  14. 14. Do you think children practice tolerance? 4.6% 22.2% 43.3% 29.8% Not at all A little Quite a lot A lot
  15. 15. Do you think children work hard? 0.6% 27.5% 34.1% 37.8% Not at all A little Quite a lot A lot
  16. 16. Do you think children practice obedience to authority? 0.6% 23.3% 37.3% 38.7% Not at all A little Quite a lot A lot
  17. 17. Do you think children take care of family members and relatives? 0.4% 18.1% 38.1% 43.4% Not at all A little Quite a lot A lot
  18. 18. Do you think children help others? 0.8% 28.6% 27.1% 43.5% Not at all A little Quite a lot A lot
  19. 19. Do you think children practice impartiality towards rich, poor, etc? 5.4% 25.9% 29.2% 39.5% Not at all A little Quite a lot A lot
  20. 20. Women are more suited for domestic work/ house work than men 29.9% 59.1% 11.0% Agree Neither agree nor disagree Disagree
  21. 21. An education is more important for a boy than a girl 15.6% 12.8% 71.7% Agree Neither agree nor disagree Disagree
  22. 22. On the whole, men make better leaders than women do 33.1% 50.5% 16.4% Agree Neither agree nor disagree Disagree
  23. 23. Females tend to carry drip 10.0% 6.6% 83.5%Agree Neither agree nor disagreeDisagree
  24. 24. Do you take part in local festivals in your community? 4.7% 50.9% 44.4% Never Sometimes Always
  25. 25. In a year, how many days do you spend attending social and cultural activities? 4.2% 3.1% 8.8% 10.8% 73.1% None 1-5 days 6-12 days 13-20 days +20 days
  26. 26. Frequency of playing traditional games in the past 12 months 2.7% 6.3% 15.7% 75.3% Never A few times a year Once or twice a month More than once a week
  27. 27. Frequency of playing modern games in the past 12 months 6.0% 5.2% 7.8% 81.0% Never A few times a year Once or twice a month More than once a week
  28. 28. Is Driglam Namzha (etiquette) important? 9.1% 90.9% Important Very important
  29. 29. Change in Driglam Namzha (etiquette) during the last few years 23.2% 57.1% 19.7% Getting weaker Stayed same Getting stronger
  30. 30. During the last few years, most people in Bhutan have become 14.1% 18.3% 67.6% Less compassionate Stayed the same More compassionateGNH Survey 2010
  31. 31. During the last few years, most people in Bhutan have become 2.4% 6.5% 91.1% More concerned about material wealth Stayed the same Less concerned about material wealthGNH Survey 2010
  32. 32. During the last few years, most people in Bhutan have become 15.7% 55.2% 29.0% More selfish Stayed the same Less selfishGNH Survey 2010
  33. 33. During the last few years, most people in Bhutan have become 32.0% 33.0% 35.0% Less honest Stayed the same More honestGNH Survey 2010
  34. 34. During the last few years, most people in Bhutan have become 7.5% 14.5% 77.9% Less spiritual Stayed the same More spiritualGNH Survey 2010
  35. 35. During the last few years, most people in Bhutan have become 35.1% 31.8% 33.2% Less tolerant Stayed the same More tolerantGNH Survey 2010
  36. 36. Change in deterioration of traditional architectural designs in houses over the last 5yrs 18.6% 33.2% 19.2% 29.0% A lot Moderate Little None GNH Survey 2010
  37. 37. Good Governance
  38. 38. Did you attend zomdue in the past 12 months? 39% 61% No Yes
  39. 39. Mean zomdue attendance in the past 12 months 55 44 33210 Village/Chiwog level Gewog level Thromdue level
  40. 40. Performance of the dzongdag in the past 12 months 5.2% 0.2% 0.3% 51.2% 43.2% Very poor Poor Average Good Very good
  41. 41. Performance of the MP (National Assembly) in the past 12 months 3% 3% 9% 39% 45% Very poor Poor Average Good Very good
  42. 42. Performance of the MP (National Council) in the past 12 months 3%2% 9% 40% 46% Very poor Poor Average Good Very good
  43. 43. Did you vote for gup, MP or thromdey representative in the last election? 14% 86% Did not vote Voted
  44. 44. Voter turnout by gender Male Female 9% 20% 80% 91% Did not vote VotedGNH Survey 2010
  45. 45. Election process 3% 97%Free and fair Not free and fair
  46. 46. Involved in case before the court in the past five years 5% 95% Yes No
  47. 47. Freedom of media from government influences 9% 12% 40% 39% Not free Quite free Completely free Dont Know
  48. 48. Freedom of media from government influences 9% 12% 40% 39% Not free Quite free Completely free Dont Know
  49. 49. Do you have access to BBS Radio 23% 77% No Yes
  50. 50. Do you have access to BBS TV 29% 71% No Yes
  51. 51. Do you have access to newspapers 44% 56% No Yes
  52. 52. Do you have access to internet 36% 64% No Yes
  53. 53. Perception of corruption 15%21% 63% Common Not common Dont Know
  54. 54. No. of people involved in corruption in government sectors 2.0% 15.3% 2.9% 33.8% 46.0% All Most A few None Dont Know
  55. 55. No. of people involved in corruption in private sectors 3% 19% 27% 3% 48% All Most A few None Dont Know
  56. 56. No. of people involved in corruption in corporation 1.0% 18.4% 26.3% 3.5% 51.0% All Most A few None Dont Know
  57. 57. Community Vitality
  58. 58. 10 20 30 40 50 0 G el in D g 50 un gn Lo a 41 gc hi C na 38 ha pc ha 33Sa Bo m ng ph o 33 el in D g/ Ba ala 29 lu jh or a 26 Ph G un edu 14 ts ho lin C g 13 hu kh a 10 Bj ac Ts hh im o 8 Duration of stay in the community by gewog al ak ha 7
  59. 59. Tr 10 20 30 us 0 tm os to ft he m 27Tr us ts om e of th em 17Tr us tn on e of t he m 15Tr us ta fe w of th em 14 Duration of stay in the community by trust in neighbours
  60. 60. Duration of stay in the community (in years) 1.9% 24.4% 54.5% 19.2% Less than 1 year 1-5 years Greater than 5 to 10 years More than 10 years
  61. 61. Did you give people unpaid voluntary help in the past 12 months? 44% 56% Did not volunteer Volunteered
  62. 62. Did you give people unpaid voluntary help in the past 12 months? Male Female 37% 50% 50% 63% Did not volunteer Volunteered GNH Survey 2010
  63. 63. Did you give people unpaid voluntary help in the past 12 months? 1 Rural 2 Urban 25% 41% 59% 75% Did not volunteer Volunteered GNH Survey 2010
  64. 64. Happiness levels of Pemagatshel by voluntary help 6.2 5.96420 Did not volunteer Volunteered
  65. 65. In the past 12 months, did you donate money or goods? 10% 90% Did not provide donation Provided donation
  66. 66. 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 0 Bo ng o Ch 10804 uk ha Ch 8963 ap Ph ch un a ts ho lin g G 7121 7114 el Ts in im g 5700 al ak ha 5272 G ed u 4275 Da la Du ng na Mean donation by gewog Bj 2768 2427Sa ac hh m Lo o ph 2313 el gc in hi g/ na Ba lu 1844 jh or a 1235
  67. 67. Sense of belonging to your local community 5% 30% 65% Weak Somewhat strong Very strong
  68. 68. Sense of belonging to your local community by gewog Bjachho Bongo Chapcha Chukha 7% 4% 14% 10% 18% 31% 48% 62% 42% 78% 86% Dala Dungna Gedu Geling 8% 22% 13% 25% 50% 50% 67% 78% 88% Logchina Phuntsholing Sampheling/Balujhora Tsimalakha 3% 14% 5% 22% 34% 35% 63% 56% 30% 60% 78% Weak Somewhat strong Very strongGNH Survey 2010
  69. 69. Sense of belonging to the community and voluntary help Weak Somewhat strong 35% 47% 53% 65% Very strong 48% 52% Did not volunteer VolunteeredGNH Survey 2010
  70. 70. How much do you trust Bhutanese people in general? 1% 27% 22% 50% Trust none of them Trust a few of them Trust some of them Trust most of them
  71. 71. Trust in Bhutanese people in general by gender Male Female 0% 1% 20% 24% 30% 24% 49% 51% Trust none of them Trust a few of them Trust some of them Trust most of themGNH Survey 2010
  72. 72. How much do you trust your neighbour? 2% 17% 40% 42% Trust none of them Trust a few of them Trust some of them Trust most of them
  73. 73. Trust in neighbour by gender Male Female 1% 2% 13% 21% 35% 45% 41% 42% Trust none of them Trust a few of them Trust some of them Trust most of themGNH Survey 2010
  74. 74. People in this community treat you fairly 3% 0% 28% 68% Never Rarely Sometimes Always
  75. 75. Would you say this is a neighbourhood where neighbours help each other? 3.8% 4.7% 51.6% 39.8% Never Rarely Sometimes Always
  76. 76. Frequency of socializing with neighbours in the last month 11% 31% 29% 28% Not in the last month Once a month Few times a month Few times per week
  77. 77. Frequency of socializing with neighbours by gender Male Female 13% 9% 28% 35% 29% 29% 29% 27% Not in the last month Once a month Few times a month Few times per weekGNH Survey 2010
  78. 78. Frequency of socializing with relatives in the last month 5% 40% 35% 20% Not in the last month Once a month Few times a month Few times per week
  79. 79. Frequency of socializing with relatives by gender Male Female 4% 7% 37% 33% 43% 36% 20% 20% Not in the last month Once a month Few times a month Few times per weekGNH Survey 2010
  80. 80. Enmity in the community in the past 12 months 7% 93% Yes No
  81. 81. Members of your family really care about each other 3% 1% 96% Disagree Neutral Agree
  82. 82. You wish you were not part of your family 2% 2% 96% Agree Neutral Disagree
  83. 83. Members of your family argue too much 2% 19% 79% Agree Neutral Disagree
  84. 84. You feel like a stranger in your family 2% 2% 96% Agree Neutral Disagree
  85. 85. You have enough time to spend with your family 5% 31% 64% Disagree Neutral Agree
  86. 86. There is a lot of understanding in your family 6% 1% 93% Disagree Neutral Agree
  87. 87. Your family is a real source of comfort to you 3%4% 94% Disagree Neutral Agree
  88. 88. Have you been a victim of crime in the last 12 months? 2% 98% Yes No
  89. 89. Did you see/know other people being victimized of crime in the last 12 months? 15% 85% Yes No
  90. 90. Safety from human harm in the neighbourhood/village 19% 13% 69% Rarely safe Usually safe Always safe
  91. 91. Safety from human harm in the village by gender Male Female 10% 10% 27% 58% 15% 80% Rarely safe Usually safe Always safeGNH Survey 2010
  92. 92. Safety from wild animals in the neighbourhood/village 14% 19% 68% Rarely safe Usually safe Always safe
  93. 93. Safety from ghosts in the neighbourhood/village 13% 24% 63% Rarely safe Usually safe Always safe
  94. 94. Safety from ghosts in the village by gender Male Female 10% 15% 23% 58% 26% 67% Rarely safe Usually safe Always safeGNH Survey 2010
  95. 95. Ecological Diversity
  96. 96. Do you feel responsible for conserving the natural environment? 0.9% 0.2% 9.3% 89.6% Not at all A little responsible Somewhat responsible Highly responsible
  97. 97. There should be tougher anti-pollution law 2.9% 0.1% 33.6% 63.5% Disagree Neither Agree nor Disagree Agree Strongly Agree
  98. 98. Community environmental problem: Landslides 31% 38% 13% 18% A major concern Of some concern A minor concern Not a concern
  99. 99. Community environmental problem: Floods 34% 36% 13% 17% A major concern Of some concern A minor concern Not a concern
  100. 100. Community environmental problem: Erratic weather patterns 13% 36% 24% 26% A major concern Of some concern A minor concern Not a concern
  101. 101. Community environmental problem: Littering 26% 37% 18% 19% A major concern Of some concern A minor concern Not a concern
  102. 102. How often did you reuse materials in the past 12 months? 19% 19% 20% 41% Never Sometimes Most of the times Always
  103. 103. How often did you try to reduce waste in the past 12 months? 9% 41% 23% 27% Never Sometimes Most of the times Always
  104. 104. How often did you segregate waste in the past 12 months? 32% 34% 16% 18% Never Sometimes Most of the times Always
  105. 105. During the past 12 months did you plant trees? 40% 60% Yes No
  106. 106. Agricultural land lost to development by farmers in the last 5yrs 6% 35% 60% Yes No Not Applicable
  107. 107. Land lost as a result of growing trees naturally on your land 6% 39% 55% Yes No Not Applicable
  108. 108. Do you have adequate access to water supply? 21% 79% Yes No
  109. 109. By gewog: Do you have adequate access to water supply? Bjachho Bongo Chapcha Chukha 22% 15% 19% 46% 54% 78% 85% 81% Dala Dungna Gedu Geling 20% 11% 3% 80% 89% 97% 100% Logchina Phuntsholing Sampheling/Balujhora Tsimalakha 11% 23% 41% 59% 89% 77% 100% Yes NoGNH Survey 2010
  110. 110. Quality of drinking water 4% 3% 12%37% 43%Very poor PoorNeither good nor poor GoodVery good
  111. 111. Do you own a vehicle? 39%61% Yes No
  112. 112. Modes of transportation used in the past 12 months 2% 6% 30% 32% 2% 29% Drove you car Rode a passanger Public transportation (bus) Taxi Walk Others
  113. 113. Use of public transport in last month 1% 7%2% 28% 61% Hardly ever Once a month More than once a month Once a week Everyday
  114. 114. Types of fuel used most often for cooking 1% 29% 52% 19% Kerosene Wood LPG Electricity
  115. 115. How do you usually heat your dwelling? 26.5% 48.4% 24.1% 0.4% 0.5% Others Solar Kerosene heater Wood Electric heater
  116. 116. Awareness about climate change 14% 11% 32% 43%Not at all Unsure what it isHave some understanding Have a good understanding
  117. 117. Awareness about climate change Male Female 16% 10% 11% 12% 26% 40% 37% 47% Not at all Unsure what it is Have some understanding Have a good understandingGNH Survey 2010
  118. 118. Change in vegetation cover as compared to previous years 33% 38% 29% Decreased Stayed same Increased
  119. 119. Mode of household waste disposal 1.1% 0.8% 1.9% 2.0% 26.5% 35.8% 32.0%Others Dump on open airDump in forest Dump in rivers/streamsMunicipal garbage pick-up BurningComposting
  120. 120. Quality of agricultural land of farmers 6% 2% 30% 20% 42% Very poor Poor Neither good nor poor Good Very good
  121. 121. Agricultural constraints: Wild life 22% 42% 13% 22% Major constraint Some constraint Minor constraint Never
  122. 122. Agricultural constraints: Pest and diseases 18% 21% 27% 35% Major constraint Some constraint Minor constraint Never
  123. 123. Agricultural constraints: Labour shortage 5% 12% 22% 61% Major constraint Some constraint Minor constraint Never
  124. 124. Extent of damages caused by wild animals to crops 24% 26% 23% 27% A lot Some Little Not at all
  125. 125. Do you have any land that have not been cultivated due to wild life threats? 13% 87% Yes No
  126. 126. Have you lost any livestock to predators? 5% 2% 4% 4% 84% More than 5 4-5 2-3 1-2 Not at all
  127. 127. 100 150 200 50 0 D al a 200 Lo gc hi na 110 G el in g C ha 97 pc ha 75 Bo ng o 33 Ph un ts ho lin g 32 D un gn a 10 TsSa im m al ph ak el ha in g/ Ba lu jh or a G ed u C hu kh a Bj ac hh o Land left uncultivated due to wild life threats by gewog
  128. 128. Living Standard

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