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STRATEGICALLY DESIGNED PERSONAL  LEARNING ENVIRONMENTS (PLE):      A NATURAL RECIPE FOR       ENGAGED LEARNING          Na...
• Personal Learning Environments (PLEs)  – tools, communities, and services that constitute the    individual educational ...
PLEs are    built bottom up     bythe student
• What is our role?  – Provide conducive situations that allow students    to engage in creating effective PLEs by organiz...
• 21st Century Skills:  – Learning to learn  – Metacognition  – Ways of thinking  – Ways of working  – Tools for thinking ...
• Self-Regulated Learning:  – Goal setting  – Self-monitoring  – Self-evaluating  – Use of task strategies  – Help seeking...
Personal  LearningEnvironments       Social                   Media          Self-       Regulated        LearningEngaged ...
Mobile                                        Technologies                         Social Media                         We...
Broadcast Technologies                         Pedagogical                           EcologySRR, PI, IPT, CAI             ...
Internet Based Technologies                          ICT (Web 1.0)                                 Pedagogical            ...
Social Media (Web 2.0)                           Pedagogical                             EcologyInformal Learning         ...
Learning Technologies                         Pedagogical                           EcologyLearning Theories              ...
Phases            Social Computing Context                  Examples                    Thinking Machines                 ...
• Social media   – a set of networking tools premised on Web 2.0 technologies and     enabling the design of Personal Lear...
Level 3:                                Information              Level 2:          Aggregation              Social        ...
• Grounded in the pedagogical ecology (learning affordances)  of social media• Applied, user- and use-oriented• Based on a...
3-Level                     3-Phase Model Framework of                         of SRLSocial Media Use      Personal       ...
Level 1                    Level 2                        Level 3       Manage private         Communication, social      ...
Level 1                       Level 2                       Level 3                                 Students activate wiki...
• Testing the three-level framework  – N=87  – Participants did use social media progressively based on the levels of    t...
• Social media can facilitate the creation of PLEs that help learners  aggregate and share the results of learning achieve...
EngagedLearning   PLESRL SkillsStudent
• Thank you!• ndabbagh@gmu.edu
Engage 2013 at SXSWedu, Nada Dabbagh PhD, Strategically Designed Personal Learning Environments (PLE): A Natural Recipe fo...
Engage 2013 at SXSWedu, Nada Dabbagh PhD, Strategically Designed Personal Learning Environments (PLE): A Natural Recipe fo...
Engage 2013 at SXSWedu, Nada Dabbagh PhD, Strategically Designed Personal Learning Environments (PLE): A Natural Recipe fo...
Engage 2013 at SXSWedu, Nada Dabbagh PhD, Strategically Designed Personal Learning Environments (PLE): A Natural Recipe fo...
Engage 2013 at SXSWedu, Nada Dabbagh PhD, Strategically Designed Personal Learning Environments (PLE): A Natural Recipe fo...
Engage 2013 at SXSWedu, Nada Dabbagh PhD, Strategically Designed Personal Learning Environments (PLE): A Natural Recipe fo...
Engage 2013 at SXSWedu, Nada Dabbagh PhD, Strategically Designed Personal Learning Environments (PLE): A Natural Recipe fo...
Engage 2013 at SXSWedu, Nada Dabbagh PhD, Strategically Designed Personal Learning Environments (PLE): A Natural Recipe fo...
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Engage 2013 at SXSWedu, Nada Dabbagh PhD, Strategically Designed Personal Learning Environments (PLE): A Natural Recipe for Engaged Learning

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Personal Learning Environments or PLEs enable the creation of personal and social learning spaces
to support learner-centered and personalized learning experiences empowering students to direct
their own learning and develop self-regulated learning skills. PLEs are built bottom-up, by the student,
starting with personal goals, information management, and individual knowledge construction, and
progressing to socially mediated knowledge and networked learning. A PLE can be entirely controlled
and adapted by a student providing an engaged learning experience, however students must acquire
and apply a set of personal knowledge management and self-regulatory skills to create effective PLEs.
This talk will address this critical issue focusing on the use of social media as an educational platform
for scaffolding the strategic design of PLEs.

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Engage 2013 at SXSWedu, Nada Dabbagh PhD, Strategically Designed Personal Learning Environments (PLE): A Natural Recipe for Engaged Learning

  1. 1. STRATEGICALLY DESIGNED PERSONAL LEARNING ENVIRONMENTS (PLE): A NATURAL RECIPE FOR ENGAGED LEARNING Nada Dabbagh, PhD George Mason University
  2. 2. • Personal Learning Environments (PLEs) – tools, communities, and services that constitute the individual educational platforms learners use to direct their own learning and pursue educational goals • EDUCAUSE Learning Initiative (ELI) (2009)
  3. 3. PLEs are built bottom up bythe student
  4. 4. • What is our role? – Provide conducive situations that allow students to engage in creating effective PLEs by organizing and managing their own learning experiences
  5. 5. • 21st Century Skills: – Learning to learn – Metacognition – Ways of thinking – Ways of working – Tools for thinking – Tools for working
  6. 6. • Self-Regulated Learning: – Goal setting – Self-monitoring – Self-evaluating – Use of task strategies – Help seeking – Time planning and management
  7. 7. Personal LearningEnvironments Social Media Self- Regulated LearningEngaged Learning
  8. 8. Mobile Technologies Social Media Web 2.0 Web 1.0 Technologies ICT/IBTBroadcastTechnologies
  9. 9. Broadcast Technologies Pedagogical EcologySRR, PI, IPT, CAI Direct Instruction Isolated Curricular Units Drill & Practice
  10. 10. Internet Based Technologies ICT (Web 1.0) Pedagogical EcologyConstructivism CollaborationCoP, Knowledge Networks ExplorationDistributed Learning Social negotiation
  11. 11. Social Media (Web 2.0) Pedagogical EcologyInformal Learning Blogging, MicrobloggingPLEs, SLEs Social Tagging
  12. 12. Learning Technologies Pedagogical EcologyLearning Theories Learning PracticesPedagogical Models Social Interactions
  13. 13. Phases Social Computing Context Examples Thinking Machines Memex (Vannevar Bush)Pre-Internet Proto- Learning Networks oNLineSystem (NLS) (Englbart) Computer-based conferencing Galactic Network (Licklider)(pre 1969) Hypertext Xanadu (Nelson) ARPANET Computer-Mediated Communication USEnetInternet Networked Supported Collaboration Virtual Communities (The Well) Personal Computing Environment EIES (Electronic Information Exchange System)(1969-1992) Groupware (Groupware – 1977) CSCW (computer supported cooperative work) World Wide Web CSILE (Knowledge Forum)Web 1.0 Groupware-based social interaction CSCL Open source movement MUDs/MOOs(1992-2000) Communities of practice Knowledge Webs Wikipedia Social Software Platforms Virtual Worlds (Second Life)Web 2.0 Collective intelligence Experience & Resource sharing tools Network effect Folksonomies(post 2000) User-generated content Social Bookmarking Architecture of participation RSS/XML
  14. 14. • Social media – a set of networking tools premised on Web 2.0 technologies and enabling the design of Personal Learning Environments or Experiences (PLEs) and Social Learning Environments or Experiences (SLEs) in which learning activities that emphasize learning how to learn are supported, and opportunities for personalizing, contextualizing, globalizing, and socializing education are optimized
  15. 15. Level 3: Information Level 2: Aggregation Social and Interaction and Management CollaborationLevel 1:PersonalInformationManagement
  16. 16. • Grounded in the pedagogical ecology (learning affordances) of social media• Applied, user- and use-oriented• Based on a continuum of social media use in which the user can activate the features of the tool to enable the degree of interaction and sharing desired and/or required for learning Dabbagh © 2009
  17. 17. 3-Level 3-Phase Model Framework of of SRLSocial Media Use Personal Forethought information phase management Social Performance interaction and phase collaboration Information Self-reflection aggregation and phase management
  18. 18. Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Manage private Communication, social Synthesize, aggregate information interaction, collaboration information Personal productivity Activate sharing or Greater control of the PLE Passive, personal use networking features of the Customizing and tool personalizing the PLESelf-generating content Informal learning around their learning goals Private learning space community Self-reflection Goal setting, planning Extending the PLE to a Self-evaluation social learning space Manage their own Self-monitoring, help- meaning making seeking, task strategies Adapting
  19. 19. Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Students activate wiki A wiki could be used as a features turning the Use of wiki would involveprivate or personal online private space into a large numbers of learners workspace collaborative who participate by contributingStudents can self manage Instructors can encourage content, commenting, or their documents online students to form participating as site independent groups using gardeners (weeding wikis to work on content), or even as They do not necessarily collaborative projects consumers only – thereby have to share their work contributing to the Collaborative space popularity of the site and naturally progresses to a the network effect higher level of experience sharing and content aggregation
  20. 20. • Testing the three-level framework – N=87 – Participants did use social media progressively based on the levels of the framework • Blogs, microblogs, social bookmarking tools, heavily used in level 1 • Wikis, cloud based technologies, and SNS were heavily used in level 2 – Social media more useful in supporting goal setting, task strategies, self-monitoring, help-seeking – Not as useful in supporting time planning, self-reflection, and self- evaluation
  21. 21. • Social media can facilitate the creation of PLEs that help learners aggregate and share the results of learning achievements, participate in collective knowledge generation, and manage their own meaning making• PLEs can serve as platforms for both integrating formal and informal learning and fostering self-regulated learning in higher education contexts• PLEs empower students to take charge of their own learning prompting them to select tools and resources to create, organize and package learning content to learn effectively and efficiently• PLEs are inherently self-directed placing the responsibility for organizing learning on the individual
  22. 22. EngagedLearning PLESRL SkillsStudent
  23. 23. • Thank you!• ndabbagh@gmu.edu

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