Blockchain in Waste Management
Blockchain Technology no more requires any formal introduction. The distributed ledger technology has
already carved its niche in various business protocols. However, today, the technology has superseded
towards social good. Isn’t that interesting?
Earlier we witnessed to the working of blockchain in the field of automobiles, trading,
manufacturing, hospitality, defense, needless to say even blockchain in music and entertainment
industry. But today, several business platforms are into testing blockchain for social goods such as waste
disposal, eradicating poverty, hunger, promising education, safe and clean drinking water and so on.
Ongoing research numbers are endless. Blockchain enthusiasts are into digging new possibilities of
blockchain in eradicating these social evils and bring back our earth to a good living place again. Few
have already come up with innovative solutions, but yet to get with worldwide implementation.
Among them is blockchain for waste management. Today waste disposal is no less than a nerve breaking
Every nation despite of its size and technology power, are into stiffly facing the challenge of disposing
the wastes. It has become a herculean task for the nation to find a convenient and appropriate means
Currently, the waste management around the world is carried in a haphazard manner. Though exists
several waste plants to set ablaze the wastes or recycle the garbage, it eventually results with other
forms of wastes as its by-products. And there lacks a poor system to control and monitor these waste
materials. However, with blockchain, there can be a system established which shall be transparent,
reliable and trustworthy.
With blockchain, it can be made easier the transportation of waste from end to another. Establishing
QR codes on trash bags and smart contract for each move, shipment of wastes can be neatly organized.
Even regulatory compliance can be made straight with blockchain technology.
Information straight will make sure that the project gets executed wisely on time. Like today, the
wastes shall never get accumulated in mid-way causing hazardous to inhabitants and environment.
With blockchain one can make sure that the most appropriate means of waste disposal is adopted and
is effectively carried.
Not that complete waste of a nation, at least a big percentage of it can be streamlined using technology
of blockchain. The rising burden of waste disposal, consequently the environmental problems can be
brought down significantly with innovations powered with blockchain.
Current challenges that many countries including India face is the rising rate of human population
and urbanization. With massive development taking place all around, there amounts to huge tons of
wastes every lane. As more space of earth is carved for raising buildings, there hardly exists landfill
spaces to get disposed the wastes. Finding new disposal sites or landfill space has become quite
challenging for the designates.
Blockchain in waste management can truly transform the whole process to a sustainable one.
Connecting different IoT sensors, further integrating them to the decentralized network can help in real-
time tracking and generation of data corresponding to wastes carried.
For instance, an RFID or a weigh sensor in trucks carrying the garbage can readily give away the
information like where the truck is heading to, how much amount of garbage is being carried, the kind
of wastes it contains, the information of landfills and many more. The authorities can thus easily track
and monitor the waste management activities.
Blockchain can totally reinvent the traditional means of disposing waste particles.
Let’s take the use case.
At present, there isn’t a central body to regulate and manage the wastes disposed. The wastes are
being collected by certain groups or associations working in and around a place or particular locality. In
case these groups put an end to their service, the people of that locality is left to suffer. In short, no
guarantee that the service will retain for tomorrow or not.
However, with blockchain, this uncertainty can be curbed. Stakeholders like customers can make use
of the blockchain network to place their waste collection request. Even on behalf of the customer, the
municipal manager can place the request for waste collection from particular locality.
Thereafter, upon receiving the requests, the inspector who is responsible to take action can visit the
sites and order for waste management operations.
In blockchain, the data’s get stored in blocks that too in chronological order. Therefore, each request
added will get consequently placed one after the other. Being cryptographically signed, the network
remains tamper resistance, creating no illusions or alterations.
Unlike the traditional setup, where people easily wash off their responsibilities, with blockchain it hardly
arises. It becomes quite easy to find where the lapse occurred, which individual or group is responsible
for the delay in operation and so on. Thus with a blockchain-powered waste management platform it
becomes highly ease for the stakeholders to trace the waste management activities. Transparency and
traceability is achieved with blockchain waste management, which highly lacks in the current system.
In nutshell, each stakeholder or participant’s activities get recorded in blockchain and enable them to
access the transactions transparently any time anywhere. In case of disputes each participant can real-
time reach to the transactions’ roots in blockchain.
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