In the aftermath of the Asian crisis of 1997, a number of rapid assessments on the extent and nature of the social impact appeared. They brought out the human cost of the crisis in bolder relief. One such study, launched in the last quarter of 1998, was conducted by ADB. It was designed to assist in devising policy responses to the social crisis and identifying reforms that would strengthen social protection systems in the longer term. It covered Indonesia, the Republic of Korea, the Lao Peoples' Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Philippines, and Thailand. It sketched the transmission of social impacts from the crisis, analyzed the crisis effects on prices and employment, discussed the impact on inequality and poverty, looked at human development in terms of education, health, and family planning, touched on social capital, and looked at the environment.