words used to name a person,
animal, place, thing, and
Types of Nouns
Tells us about the sex of the noun
In Grammar-Nouns, there are FOUR GENDERS.
1. Masculine gender:
A noun is said to be in the Masculine gender if it refers
to a male character or member of a species.
Man, lion, hero, boy, king, horse and actor are nouns of
2. Feminine gender:
A noun is said to be in the feminine gender if it refers to
a female member of a species.
Woman, lioness, heroine, girl, mare, niece, empress,
cow and actress are few of the feminine-gender nouns
that we use.
3. Common gender:
A noun is said to be in Common gender if it refers to a member
of species which can be a male or a female.
Child, student, friend, applicant, candidate, servant, member,
parliamentarian and leader are few of the common-gender
4. Neuter gender:
A noun is said to be in the neuter gender if it refers to a member
of a species which is neither a male nor a female.
Normally nouns referring to lifeless objects are in neuter nouns
as well as collective nouns.
Chair, table, tree, star, mountain, street, book, car, school,
paper, pencil and computer are few of the neuter nouns which
We use regularly.
Most nouns change their form to
indicate number by adding "-s" or "-es.”
There are other nouns which form the
plural by changing the last letter before
adding "s". Some words ending in "f"
form the plural by deleting "f" and adding
"ves" and words ending in "y" form the
plural by deleting the "y" and adding
“ies.” Other nouns form the plural
In the possessive case, a noun or
pronoun changes its form to show that it
owns or is closely related to something
else. Usually, nouns become possessive
by adding a combination of an
apostrophe and the letter "s.“
You can form the possessive case of a
singular noun that does not end in "s" by
adding an apostrophe and “s.”
usually starts with a capital letter
Name of specific persons, places or
e. g. Eiffel Tower, New York, Ford
Noun referring to a person, place or
thing in a general sense
e. g. country, church, car, building
a noun which names anything (or
anyone) that you can perceive through
your physical senses: touch, sight, smell,
e. g. student, ice cream, bag
a noun which names anything which you
can not perceive through your five
e. g. disapproval, intelligence, eloquence
nouns naming a group of things,
animals or persons
e. g. a flock of birds, a school of
fishes, a crowd of people
a noun with both a singular and a
plural form, and it names
anything (or anyone) that you
e. g. pen, book, coin, cup, chair
NON- COUNTABLE NOUN
noun which does not have a plural
form, and which refers to something
that you could (or would) not
usually count. A non-countable noun
always takes a singular verb in a
e. g. coffee, hair, sugar, rice, milk, salt