Structure of the presentation The Western Balkans: Regional background Western Balkans and UK distance learning VLE tre...
The Western Balkans:Regional background Communist past EU prospects Middle-incomecountries Regional borderconflicts
Source: The World Bank
Source: The World Bank
Western Balkans and UK distancelearning - Overview British Council country offices: The hubs of distance education Unive...
Western Balkans and UK educationrelationships - Free courses BEGINNERS TUTORIALS - Provides hundreds of free onlinetutori...
MOOCs: World and Western Balkans‘1 million enrolledstudents onCoursera across 196countries’From the Balkancountries onlySe...
Online Distance LearningSome figures about MoodleRegistered sites 75,026Countries 227Courses 7,007,818Users 65,205,380Teac...
Country comparisonTop Countries MoodleRegistrationsUnited States 12,732Spain 6,503Brazil 5,419United Kingdom 4,105Mexico 3...
Information technologies and e-literacySource: UNPAN E-Government Survey Reports
Technology acceptance and adaptation?In general, not a problem!Source: https://moodle.org/stats/ as of 8 Feb 2013
‘GOVERNANCE’The policy problem viewEducation PoliciesEconomic policiesTelecommunicationpoliciesInternetFast and WirelessDe...
An alternative viewEducation PoliciesEconomic policiesTelecommunicationpoliciesInternetFast and WirelessDevicesMobile and ...
Back to a basic problem: Are Massive Open Online Courses and open onlinelearning the solution for education in developing...
My view on MOOCs fordevelopment Yes, They provide easy access to education. They are ‘free’ for users . They are ‘free...
Some concluding thoughtsIt is not the technology, but the newforms of accreditation, e-literacy,assessment, and policy tha...
However, looking towards thefuture,There should be no surprise if soonwe see reverse education via onlinedistance learning...
Opportunities and Policy Challenges of Distance Learning in Western Balkans
Opportunities and Policy Challenges of Distance Learning in Western Balkans
Opportunities and Policy Challenges of Distance Learning in Western Balkans
Opportunities and Policy Challenges of Distance Learning in Western Balkans
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Opportunities and Policy Challenges of Distance Learning in Western Balkans

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CDE seminar conducted by Dr Endrit Kromidha (Teaching Fellow in Technology Information Management and Strategy / International Business, School of Management, Royal Holloway University of London)

Many achievements in technology and information systems have made possible the improvement of public services. However, in many countries, education remains behind some other sectors, regardless of its purpose towards future generations or the resources spent therein. The purpose of this presentation is to discuss the opportunities and policy challenges of distance learning in a developing region’s context. The discussion will start with a general overview of new democracies and countries in the Western Balkans. Secondly, this study intends to analyse how online distance learning has evolved and can guide educational policy for higher access and development. Finally, the presentation intends to open a discussion on the policy challenges and their implementation in practice. The research is based on specific numbers and figures taken from reports on Western Balkan countries.

Alongside the regional perspective, this seminar is aimed at anyone with an interest in the developing context for how information and communication technologies can have a positive impact, and how online distance learning can be related to policies for development.

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Opportunities and Policy Challenges of Distance Learning in Western Balkans

  1. 1. Structure of the presentation The Western Balkans: Regional background Western Balkans and UK distance learning VLE trends and opportunities The policy problem and an alternative view Conclusions and discussion
  2. 2. The Western Balkans:Regional background Communist past EU prospects Middle-incomecountries Regional borderconflicts
  3. 3. Source: The World Bank
  4. 4. Source: The World Bank
  5. 5. Western Balkans and UK distancelearning - Overview British Council country offices: The hubs of distance education University Qualifications Professional qualifications: ACCADEMY: For ACCA’s qualifications available at any time, anywhere in theworld. DISTANCE DELTA: Preparing teachers for the Cambridge Diploma in EnglishLanguage Teaching to Adults (DELTA). For A level, GCSE, adult and vocational training courses. LEARN DIRECT, NATIONAL EXTENSION COLLEGE, OPEN LEARNING ACADEMY,OXFORD OPEN LEARNING etc.
  6. 6. Western Balkans and UK educationrelationships - Free courses BEGINNERS TUTORIALS - Provides hundreds of free onlinetutorials and software applications. LEARN DIRECT FOR BUSINESS - Taster courses in ICT,Business/Management and Basic Skills. Includes quizzes andgames. NUTROCKER - Free online courses and tutorials on software,programming, etc. ONLINE WEB PRACTICALS - Software applications, IT andchemistry from Oxford University. THE WRITERS BUREAU - Home-study courses in creativewriting, journalism and poetry.
  7. 7. MOOCs: World and Western Balkans‘1 million enrolledstudents onCoursera across 196countries’From the Balkancountries onlySerbia appears inthese figures at 0.3%and Croatia at 0.25%(http://blog.coursera.org/ on9 Aug 2012)
  8. 8. Online Distance LearningSome figures about MoodleRegistered sites 75,026Countries 227Courses 7,007,818Users 65,205,380Teachers 1,292,504Enrolments 53,966,569Forum posts 116,501,343Resources 62,565,943Quiz questions 143,558,314Source: https://moodle.org/stats/ as of 8 Feb 2013
  9. 9. Country comparisonTop Countries MoodleRegistrationsUnited States 12,732Spain 6,503Brazil 5,419United Kingdom 4,105Mexico 3,136Germany 3,096Portugal 2,218Colombia 2,122Australia 1,824Italy 1,787Source: https://moodle.org/stats/ as of 8 Feb 2013What matters?WestBalkansMoodleRegistrationsPopulation in2011according toWorld BankAlbania 18 3,215,988Bosnia andHerzegovina62 3,752,228Croatia 138 4,407,000Kosovo (n/a) 1,794,303Macedonia 38 2,063,893Montenegro 9 632,261Serbia 210 7,261,000
  10. 10. Information technologies and e-literacySource: UNPAN E-Government Survey Reports
  11. 11. Technology acceptance and adaptation?In general, not a problem!Source: https://moodle.org/stats/ as of 8 Feb 2013
  12. 12. ‘GOVERNANCE’The policy problem viewEducation PoliciesEconomic policiesTelecommunicationpoliciesInternetFast and WirelessDevicesMobile and SmartAccredited ContentVirtual and OpenAccessCostsResourcesBased on some ideas and critique on New Public Management(Margetts 2009, Dunleavy et al. 2006, Pollitt, Bouckaert 2011, Barzelay 2001, Lane 2000, Hood 2000)
  13. 13. An alternative viewEducation PoliciesEconomic policiesTelecommunicationpoliciesInternetFast and WirelessDevicesMobile and SmartAccredited ContentVirtual and OpenGOVERNANCE COLLABORATIONJOINTPOLICY-MAKINGNATIONAL INTERNATIONAL
  14. 14. Back to a basic problem: Are Massive Open Online Courses and open onlinelearning the solution for education in developingcountries?
  15. 15. My view on MOOCs fordevelopment Yes, They provide easy access to education. They are ‘free’ for users . They are ‘free’ for governments. But, Are one-size-fits all, thus missing the local developmentcontext of different countries and learners. There are issues with the intellectual property of thelearning content if blended into local HE programmes. Are not accredited nor recognized yet in the job market.
  16. 16. Some concluding thoughtsIt is not the technology, but the newforms of accreditation, e-literacy,assessment, and policy that arechanging online distance educationfor development.
  17. 17. However, looking towards thefuture,There should be no surprise if soonwe see reverse education via onlinedistance learning and MOOCs fromdeveloping to developed countries ,as we have seen reverse innovationin business.

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