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  1. 1. Autism: A Controversy Revisited A look at the truth behind a decades-old enigma
  2. 2. What is Autism? <ul><li>A spectrum of behavioral disorders affecting the social and communication sections of the brain. </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms are usually present within the first three years of development with diagnoses often following by the time the child is between the ages of 2-3. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The 31 Flavors <ul><li>There are literally dozens of differing types of autism. There is no one specific “kind” that every autistic shares. They include: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Classic” autism: This is the type of autism that people are most familiar with. Its symptoms are the iconic representation of a classic autistic. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Asperger Syndrome: Characterized not only by impairments in social interaction but also by unhealthy fixation on a single subject or object to the exclusion of all others. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rhett Syndrome: Extremely rare, this type of autism almost exclusively affects girls. Only one out of every 10 to 15,000 people are diagnosed with this branch of autism. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. What We Know: Debunking the Myths <ul><li>Autism is NOT a sign of mental retardation. </li></ul><ul><li>It is NOT caused by “bad” or neglectful parenting. </li></ul><ul><li>Autistic children are NOT “unruly” or “willful”. They do not act out or behave inappropriately because they don’t want to listen. </li></ul><ul><li>A rigorous Danish study found that it is NOT caused by vaccinations as was previously believed. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Forgotten: Adult autistics <ul><li>Adults living with autism have a much harder road ahead of them than children. They are too often overlooked and ignored. </li></ul>
  6. 6. What is Being Done? <ul><li>Federal legislation has poured nearly 1 billion dollars into autism research with such bills as the Children’s Health Act of 2000 and the Combating Autism Act of 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>School districts and private organizations have begun putting into place policies that will place, educate, and help in the therapy of autistic children. </li></ul>
  7. 7. In Conclusion <ul><li>1 in 150 people is currently living with autism. That is a little over half a million people! </li></ul><ul><li>It is hoped that one day autism can be, if not cured, at least prevented altogether. </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding what autism is and also what it is not is the first step people can take toward making this often misunderstood disorder a bit more palatable on the minds of the American people. </li></ul>
  8. 8. References <ul><li>“ Autism” by MedTV(June, 26 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Nash, J.M. (2007) “The Secrets of Autism Revealed: The number of children diagnosed with autism and Asperger’s is skyrocketing. Why?” </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieved: August, 21 2009 from </li></ul><ul><li>Wolman, D. (February, 25 2008) “The Truth About Autism: Scientists reconsider what they think they know”. </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieved: August, 21 2009 from </li></ul>