By Brooke Luckie
Team Member Database/
Kristen Kidd CINAHL
Morris, R., &
from consuming a
gatherer type diet.
Study on 9 non-
consumption of a
paleolithic type diet
weight loss in
The Paleolithic (Caveman) Diet: John Susen
Created by Dr. Loren Cordain :
Professor at the University of Colorado.
PhD. in Health - University of Utah (1981),
The Paleo Answer (2011)
The Paleo Diet (Rev.) 2010
The Peleo Diet for Athletes (2005)
http://www.thepaleodiet.com/dr-loren-cordain. Accessed June 19,2013
What is the Paleolithic Diet?
Summary Statement John Susen
The Paleolithic Diet is claimed to be similar to that of
our prehistoric ancestors. It is supposed to be healthier for us because
the foods included match our natural genetic structure.
Recommended foods include:
Grass produced meats
Fish and seafood
Fresh fruits and vegetables
Nuts and seeds (except peanuts)
Healthy oils (olive, walnut, flaxseed,
macadamia, avocado, coconut oils)
http://thepaleodiet.com/what-to-eat-on-the-paleo-diet. Accessed June 22,2013
A Days Menu by Kristen Kidd Citation: (Frassetto, Schloetter, Mietus-Synder, Morris,
& Sebastian, 2009)
Food Item Number of Servings Serving Size Total Grams
1 1 egg 60 grams
Pineapple-Raw 1 1 cup diced pieces 155 grams
-CANNED IN WATER-
1 1 can 172 grams
1 1 cup 240 grams
water-municipal 1 1 cup 682.67 grams
NUTS-ACORNS-RAW 2 1 oz 56.7 grams
4 1 oz 113.4 grams
1 1 cup 156 grams
ORANGE JUICE-RAW 1 1 cup 248 grams
1 1 cup 244 grams
BANANAS-RAW 1 1 FRUITWO/SKN&SEEDS 114 grams
Diet Analysis By
Nutrient Total Rec. % Rec
Calories 1564.4 2200 71.12%
Pro (g) 110.13 48 229.44%
Fat (g) 67.98 73.33 92.70%
Carb (g) 140.03 --
Fiber (g) 11.57 30 38.57%
Cal (mg) 241.96 1000 24.2%
Iron (mg) 8.94 10 89.4%
Na (mg) 2597.98 2400 108.25%
Pot (mg) 3619.97 --
Phos (mg) 1332.77 700 190.4%
Ash (g) 18.32 330 5.55%
VitA (IU) 4765.85 4000 119.15%
VitC (mg) 336.17 75 448.23%
Thia (mg) 1.83 1.1 166.36%
Ribo (mg) 1.35 1.1 122.73%
Breakfast Lunch Dinner
2 eggs 4 oz. wild sockeye salmon 4 oz. lean T-bone steak
1 oz. green sweet peppers 12 oz. bottled water 3 oz. spaghetti squash
1 oz. chopped onions Salad: 3 oz. green beans
1 oz. chopped tomatoes 2 oz. loose leaf lettuce 4 oz. peaches
1 oz. sweet red peppers 3 oz. red ripe tomatoes 1 oz. mangoes
4 oz. extra lean boneless ham 2 oz. raw onions 12 oz. bottled water
1 oz. chopped mushrooms 2 oz. sweet green peppers
2 oz. cucumbers
8 oz. raw orange juice 1 oz. olive oil
1 oz. cider vinegar 2 oz. walnuts
2 oz. apples with skin
Sample One Day Paleolithic (Caveman Diet)
(Based on a 2300/day calorie intake for a male 51-70)
Claimed Health Benefits
Restores the acid/base balance to a slightly alkaline level.
Provides for slow rises for blood glucose and insulin
kidney stones hypertension
insomnia motion sickness
inner ear ringing inflammatory disease
disorders of the GI tract By John Susen
http://thepaleodiet.com/paleo-diet-faq. Accessed June, 19, 2013
An unbalanced diet. Eliminates many healthy foods from the whole grain and
Very low in calcium which can result in unhealthy
Moderately low in fiber which is needed for intestinal health.
Moderately low in sodium. This may be helpful for those who need to monitor
hypertension, but the levels are lower than the recommended intake which
may be detrimental to those of normal health.
In spite of being high in monounsaturated fats, the diet was also high
in saturated fat and cholesterol. This could be the result of the high protein
content, in spite of the fact that lean meats were used.
Protein content was high (1.5 times the daily recommended level),
By John Susen
● I feel the diet is adequate for certain types of situations. Nine people participated in a
Metabolically Controlled Study. When participants switched to the paleolithic diet results
showed a decrease in blood pressure and cholesterol levels. It improved glucose tolerance
and lipid profiles without any weight loss in healthy sedentary humans. The diet also
decreases insulin secretion and increases insulin sensitivity. “It consistently improved status
of circulatory, carbohydrate and lipid metabolism/physiology”, (Frassetto, Schloetter, Mietus-
Synder, Morris, & Sebastian, 2009).
● The diets balance did seem to lack when in came to calcium intake, with only a 24.2% Rec.
The protein had twice the recommended intake with 229.44% Rec. Athletes, especially
weight lifters, require extra lean protein to compensate for their increased energy demands
needed to build muscle. You could switch out one of the higher protein meals, like the tuna,
for a vegetable or fruit. Consistently consuming high-protein meals could cause kidney
● The diet did fall within the recommended 1,500-2,000 calorie diet with 1564.4 calories
consumed. The subjects in the experiment neither gained or loss weight.
● The diet is very nutrient dense. Fruits and Vegetables, which are very nutrient dense, help
make up a good portion of the diet. Certain types of food are not allowed in the diet. Most of
which would add unnecessary calories like added sugars, processed cereals or alcohol.
● There's a good variety between meats, fruits, vegetables and nuts. In the diet though, your
not allowed to consume any dairy products. Not having any milk, cheese, ect could affect the
By Kristen Kidd
Consensus Statement Continued...
● The diet doesn't require anything special to make it more expensive. You could find these
produces at your local market or whole foods store. If anything it might make it a little
cheaper. There's certain things you can't have, thus you wont have to of buy these extra
items like butter, salt, milk, salad dressing, breads ect.
● Time shouldn't be an issue. It only takes 30 minutes prepare a meal like grilled chicken,
steamed broccoli, and fresh pineapples. There might be some time taken trying to plan out
your meals for the day/week. After awhile it should become second hand, like planning out
regular meals for the day/week.
● You would need determination for this diet. You can't have, the common things people find
pleasurable in their diet, like breads, cereals, certain desserts, sodas, or butter. That's where
palatability would come in. Butter and salt, which in excess isn't good nutrient wise, but is
always used to enhance taste. In the paleo-diet you can't use the common additives to help
enhance the taste of your food. If it doesn't coincide with the diets un/low-salted meats,
fresh/raw apples, fresh/raw vegetables, and fresh/raw nuts, then your not supposed to use it.
Some of the foods you can add on top of each other like grilling the pineapple with the
chicken, to help enhance taste. A lot can be trial and error when experimenting with different
food to increase the pleasurable side of it.
By Kristen Kidd
Consensus Statement Continued..
In order to improve the Paleo Diet two changes could be of some benefit. First, calcium
supplements can be included to help maintain healthy bones.Second, although this diet does not
include potatoes, people living in paleolithic times included root vegetables in their diets. Eating
potatoes would help offset any deficiencies of fiber in the diet. However being high in carbs, they
would most likely take away from the claimed benefits of this diet by interfering with the
predominance of low glycemic foods.
In contrast, the glycemic index has been a subject of questionable value anyway. Rather than
partake in the Paleolithic (Caveman) Diet, I would recommend following the advice presented
in out text. Eat a healthy and balanced diet consisting of foods from “all” of the food groups
accompanied by regular exercise. If anyone needs to watch their intake of carbohydrates (for
diabetes) or sodium/fat (for heart related conditions), etc., they get all the help they need by
following the guidelines provided by programs such as the Exchange System and