Health and safety in france

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  • Hi Catherine,

    thanks for posting this useful presentation!!
    I want to get in contact with you. Could you please send me email of invite me Linkedin? Wendy van Beek info!improvementtrainingen.nl

    thanks!!
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  • Hello Catherine,
    Thank you so much for this information, not quite relevant to my situation but gave me an insight.
    We have the new LGV line being built just down the road and have a problem with large lorries breaking the speed limit (to the extent that one smashed the tarmac by braking too heard this morning).
    I was trying to find out whether the same rules apply here as in the UK -i.e. if the management are informed of a problem and then there is an accident the management are held responsible regardless of whether it is an employee or a sub contractor..
    We have a single track road and elderly residents who are effectively being held captive in their homes, and all I am asking of COSEA is that they ensure that the drivers keep to the 30k speed limit within the village.
    Will keep trawling the web.but am heartened by the information that you have so kindly provided.
    Bernadette.
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  • Hello Claire,

    Thanks for your comment.

    As a general rule, the official French regulation website, légifrance.gouv.fr translates most things, and even some Codes, and can be found at this address : http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/Traductions/en-English/Legifrance-translations

    Unfortunately, the Code du Travail hasn't been translated. I fear this may be the case for most legislation. Unless you're looking for a precise piece of information, I can't really help.

    Catherine
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  • Hi Catherine,
    Many thanks for posting the useful presentation. Do you know if there's a source where English translations of the French work code and other health and safety legislation, can be obtained?
    Claire
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Health and safety in france

  1. 1. Health and Safety in France<br />A guide to the different regulations and support systems<br />Catherine Hatton<br />Environment manager, AREVA NC<br />Friday 25th March<br />Fitou, France<br />
  2. 2. Plan <br />About me<br />Regulations in France :<br />Protection of workers<br />Building regulations<br />Handi-capable persons<br />Fire safety<br />Ergonomics of the work station<br />Nuisances (heat/cold, noise, smell and vibrations)<br />Workers’ rights and obligations<br />Support systems<br />At work<br />Public organizations<br /><ul><li>Bibliography</li></ul>Questions<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />2<br />
  3. 3. About me<br />British national, 22 years old, live in France<br />Studying for a Master’s in Industrial Risk Prevention (Marseille Pharmaceutical University)<br />Work at the nuclear retreatment site of Marcoule as an Environment manager<br />Have worked at the nuclear fuel production sites at Narbonne and Romans sur Isère as assistant safety engineer<br />3<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />
  4. 4. 4<br />Catherine Hatton - Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />
  5. 5. Plan <br />About me<br />Regulations in France :<br />Protection of workers<br />Building regulations<br />Handi-capable persons<br />Fire safety<br />Ergonomics of the work station<br />Nuisances (heat/cold, noise, smell and vibrations)<br />Workers’ rights and obligations<br />Support systems<br />At work<br />Public organizations<br /><ul><li>Bibliography</li></ul>Questions<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />5<br />
  6. 6. Regulations in France <br />All laws grouped in « Codes » :<br />Code du Travail (Code of Work)<br />Code de la Santé (Code of Health)<br />etc.<br /><ul><li>Around 10 000 articles in the Code du Travail … around half concern the obligations of the employer, the other half concerning directly the employee!</li></ul>6<br />Catherine Hatton - Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />
  7. 7. Plan <br />About me<br />Regulations in France :<br />Protection of workers<br />Building regulations<br />Handi-capable persons<br />Fire safety<br />Ergonomics of the work station<br />Nuisances (heat/cold, noise, smell and vibrations)<br />Workers’ rights and obligations<br />Support systems<br />At work<br />Public organizations<br />Questions<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />7<br />
  8. 8. Protection of workers (1/4)<br />One extremely important decree : the decree of the 5 thnovember 2001 relative to the protection of workers against occupational hazards<br />Stipulates an obligation for the employer to create a “Unique Document” listing every risk that their employee is exposed to, the frequency, and most importantly, the measures put in place to reduce the risk<br />8<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />
  9. 9. Protection of workers (2/4)<br />This document must be made available to everyworker, and explained to them on their first day of work<br />It shouldbeupdatedat least once a year, or aftersignificant changes in the workplace or risk management tools<br />Failure to have a « Document Unique » can cause a fine (up to 3 000€)<br />9<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />
  10. 10. Protection of workers (3/4)<br />All measures to protectworkersshouldbebased on the 9 basic priniples of riskprevention :<br />Avoidrisks<br />Assess and evaluaterisks<br />Removerisksfromtheir source<br />Adaptwork to man <br />Update work techniques in accordance with new technologies<br />10<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />
  11. 11. Protection of workers (4/4)<br />Replace dangerousthingswiththingsthataren’t (or are less) dangerous<br />Plan preventivemeasures<br />Protectcollectivelyratherthanindividually<br />Giveemployees the appropriate information for the accomplishment of theirwork<br />Theseprinciples are described in the Code du Travail!<br />11<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />
  12. 12. Plan <br />About me<br />Regulations in France :<br />Protection of workers<br />Building regulations<br />Handi-capable persons<br />Fire safety<br />Ergonomics of the work station<br />Nuisances (heat/cold, noise, smell and vibrations)<br />Workers’ rights and obligations<br />Support systems<br />At work<br />Public organizations<br />Questions<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />12<br />
  13. 13. Building regulations<br />Any room thatcancontain more than 19 people must have at least 2 emergency exits – witha push-bar opening<br />There shouldbeseparate WC for men and women, even if there are no women on site!<br />Lightingshouldbesufficient, as well as air renewal in every room<br />A break-room shouldbeprovided, thatcontains the necessaryequipment for food and drink preparation<br />13<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />
  14. 14. Plan <br />About me<br />Regulations in France :<br />Protection of workers<br />Building regulations<br />Handi-capable persons<br />Fire safety<br />Ergonomics of the work station<br />Nuisances (heat/cold, noise, smell and vibrations)<br />Workers’ rights and obligations<br />Support systems<br />At work<br />Public organizations<br />Questions<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />14<br />
  15. 15. Handi-capable persons (1/3)<br />Since 2005, everycompany of more than 50 employees must have at least 6% of handi-capable people.<br />If, after an accident atwork, an employeebecomesdisabled, the company has to provide a station of equivalent rate (same grade, samepay)<br />No discrimination shouldbeshown (positive or negative) whenrecruting<br />15<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />
  16. 16. Handi-capable persons (2/3)<br />All aspects available to « able-bodied » persons must be made available to handi-capable ones : restaurant, break-room, library, HR, reception, meeting rooms…<br />Special arrangements must be made to facilitatetheirdailywork : toilets, height of desks, light switches, ramps/handles/general office equipment<br />16<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />
  17. 17. Handi-capable persons (3/3)<br />Parking arrangements shouldbe made available, as well as voice-overs (in lifts) or touch-markers (underfoot, on stairs)<br />17<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />
  18. 18. Plan <br />About me<br />Regulations in France :<br />Protection of workers<br />Building regulations<br />Handi-capable persons<br />Fire safety<br />Ergonomics of the work station<br />Nuisances (heat/cold, noise, smell and vibrations)<br />Workers’ rights and obligations<br />Support systems<br />At work<br />Public organizations<br />Questions<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />18<br />
  19. 19. Firesafety (1/3)<br />All employees (in companies of more than 50 people) should be trained to use extinguishers<br />For smaller companies, at least 4 people should be trained to use extinguishers<br />Any room that can hold less than 18 people should have at least one fire escape, over 19, you add a door<br />19<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />
  20. 20. Firesafety (2/3)<br />These doors should have a <br /> push-bar system, and two <br /> openings :<br />Blocking a fire escape or <br /> fraudulently using an <br /> extinguisher is a criminal offence<br />20<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />
  21. 21. Firesafety (3/3)<br />For all new builds, the approval of building plans by a fireman is essential (same for disabled access – approved by the H&S department at the Mairie)<br />For some buildings, it is necessary to have smoke-evacuation conduits<br />Smoke detectors and automatic extinguishers (sprinklers) are obligatory<br />21<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />
  22. 22. Plan <br />About me<br />Regulations in France :<br />Protection of workers<br />Building regulations<br />Handi-capable persons<br />Fire safety<br />Ergonomics of the work station<br />Nuisances (heat/cold, noise, smell and vibrations)<br />Workers’ rights and obligations<br />Support systems<br />At work<br />Public organizations<br />Questions<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />22<br />
  23. 23. Ergonomics (1/5)<br />Ergonomics = the science relative to man atwork<br />A philosophy : adaptwork to man, and not man to work<br />The objective is to createbetterworking conditions<br />23<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />
  24. 24. Ergonomics (2/5)<br />The employer must facilitate the work of hisemployees : adapted chairs, desks, equipment, hours and break times.<br />The risk of RSS (Repetitive Stress Syndrome) must bestudied in the « Document Unique », and canbepart of inspections made by the Inspecteur du Travail (WorkplaceInspector – part of the Social Security organisms)<br />24<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />
  25. 25. Ergonomics (3/5)<br />25<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />
  26. 26. 26<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />
  27. 27. Ergonomics (5/5)<br />Machines to replace physical stress<br />27<br />Specific training courses to learn how to lift, and even move correctly<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />
  28. 28. Plan <br />About me<br />Regulations in France :<br />Protection of workers<br />Building regulations<br />Handi-capable persons<br />Fire safety<br />Ergonomics of the work station<br />Nuisances (heat/cold, noise, smell and vibrations)<br />Workers’ rights and obligations<br />Support systems<br />At work<br />Public organizations<br />Questions<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />28<br />
  29. 29. Nuisances – heat (1/4)<br />Air conditioning (indoors and vehicles) if indoortemperature > 26°C !<br />If outsidetemperature > 30°C, and workisoutside, the employer must provide 3L of water per person, per day, and shade to rest. The lunchtime break canbeprolongated, or hoursreorganised, but not obligatory<br />29<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />
  30. 30. Nuisances – cold (2/4)<br />Protective clothingshouldbeprovided (coat, hat, gloves, scarves), and a sheltered break room with hot-beveragefacilities and heatersalso<br />No exposure to extreme cold (temperature < -10°C) for<br />more than a few hoursat<br /> a time<br />30<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />
  31. 31. Nuisances – noise (3/4)<br />The pain limit for noise is 110dB<br />If more than 87dB during 8 hours => protective measures are obligatory<br />2 sets of earprotectors if more than 137dB<br />All workerwhospends more than 60% of his time in noise must have personalizedear protection<br />31<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />
  32. 32. Nuisances – smell and vibrations (4/4)<br />It’s hard to judge the « smelliness » of a workplace! If their are lots of complaints, activatedcharcoalpowder or pellets shouldbeused to absorb the smell<br />Anyvibratory machine shouldbeplaced on a stable, isolated support stand, apartfromanyother machine. No prolongated use.<br />32<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />
  33. 33. Plan <br />About me<br />Regulations in France :<br />Protection of workers<br />Building regulations<br />Handi-capable persons<br />Fire safety<br />Ergonomics of the work station<br />Nuisances (heat/cold, noise, smell and vibrations)<br />Workers’ rights and obligations<br />Support systems<br />At work<br />Public organizations<br />Questions<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />33<br />
  34. 34. Workers’ rights and obligations (1/4)<br />The « Droit de Retrait » literally « Right to Retire » : if the employeefeelshe/sheis in a dangerous situation, they are allowed to leavetheirwork station and informtheirhierarchy, without the threat of punishment or reprimand.<br />34<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />
  35. 35. Workers’ rights and obligations (2/4)<br />In the sameway, an employeewhojudges a colleague to be in a dangerous situation has the legal obligation to inform the employeeconcerned, as well as the hierarchy<br />Failure to do socanresult in a criminal trial<br />35<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />
  36. 36. Workers’ rights and obligations (3/4)<br />Everyemployee must receive a specific training programme uponarrival in a new workplace. <br />This programme shouldexplain, one by one, the differentriskthemes on the work site. <br />The direct manager shouldgive the employee a clearexplanation of the risksathis/herwork station<br />36<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />
  37. 37. Workers’ rights and obligations (4/4)<br />Anyworkerthatgives training shouldbetrained in H&S, or have help fromsomeonethatis<br />Anyoneis able to ask and follow a training programme on a specificriskheisexposed to, paid for by the employer<br />The obligatory training shouldbecomplemented by a leaflet, and a booster, 1 to 5 yearslater.<br />37<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />
  38. 38. Plan <br />About me<br />Regulations in France :<br />Protection of workers<br />Building regulations<br />Handi-capable persons<br />Fire safety<br />Ergonomics of the work station<br />Nuisances (heat/cold, noise, smell and vibrations)<br />Workers’ rights and obligations<br />Support systems<br />At work<br />Public organizations<br />Questions<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />38<br />
  39. 39. Support systems<br />Small or big, freely or legally, companiesaren’talone in H&S mattersatwork.<br />Several public and privateorganizations are available, for free or for a fee, to help or provide information<br />Help via Internet, the Mairie, the Ministry of Workand Employment, or the Ministry of Health…<br />39<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />
  40. 40. Plan <br />About me<br />Regulations in France :<br />Protection of workers<br />Building regulations<br />Handi-capable persons<br />Fire safety<br />Ergonomics of the work station<br />Nuisances (heat/cold, noise, smell and vibrations)<br />Workers’ rights and obligations<br />Support systems<br />At work<br />Public organizations<br />Questions<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />40<br />
  41. 41. Support systemsatwork<br />Occupational Doctor (on site or not)<br />CHSCT (Comitéd’Hygiène, de Sécuritéet des Conditions de Travail) – companies of more than 50 people<br />H&S Engineer<br />CE (Comitéd’Entreprise) – working hours and recreational activities<br />Syndicates – Trade Unions<br />41<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />
  42. 42. Plan <br />About me<br />Regulations in France :<br />Protection of workers<br />Building regulations<br />Handi-capable persons<br />Fire safety<br />Ergonomics of the work station<br />Nuisances (heat/cold, noise, smell and vibrations)<br />Workers’ rights and obligations<br />Support systems<br />At work<br />Public organizations<br />Questions<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />42<br />
  43. 43. Public support systems (1/2)<br />Sub-departments of ministriesof work, employment and health:<br />Inspection du Travail : can check the Document Unique, make surprise audits/inspections of work sites, intervenes in the analysis of accidents atwork,…but canalso help !<br />Websites : légifrance.fr, service-public.fr, travail-emploi-sante.gouv.fr<br />People : Doctors, CARSAT, Mairies,…<br />43<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />
  44. 44. Public support systems (2/2)<br />Differentorganizations, depending on the domain :<br />INERIS (general)<br />IRSN, ASN, DSND (nuclear)<br />INRS (prevention of work accidents)<br />MédiPrév (medical)<br />Websites : sante-securité.com, anact.com, inforisque.info<br />44<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />
  45. 45. Plan <br />About me<br />Regulations in France :<br />Protection of workers<br />Building regulations<br />Handi-capable persons<br />Fire safety<br />Ergonomics of the work station<br />Nuisances (heat/cold, noise, smell and vibrations)<br />Workers’ rights and obligations<br />Support systems<br />At work<br />Public organizations<br />Questions<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />45<br />
  46. 46. Plan <br />About me<br />Regulations in France :<br />Protection of workers<br />Building regulations<br />Handi-capable persons<br />Fire safety<br />Ergonomics of the work station<br />Nuisances (heat/cold, noise, smell and vibrations)<br />Workers’ rights and obligations<br />Support systems<br />At work<br />Public organizations<br />Questions<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />46<br />
  47. 47. Questions ?<br />47<br />
  48. 48. Plan <br />About me<br />Regulations in France :<br />Protection of workers<br />Building regulations<br />Handi-capable persons<br />Fire safety<br />Ergonomics of the work station<br />Nuisances (heat/cold, noise, smell and vibrations)<br />Workers’ rights and obligations<br />Support systems<br />At work<br />Public organizations<br />Questions<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />48<br />
  49. 49. Thankyou for listening !<br />49<br />Catherine Hatton – Friday 25th March, Fitou, France<br />
  50. 50. Health and Safety in France<br />A guide to the different regulations and support systems<br />Catherine Hatton<br />Environment manager, AREVA NC<br />Friday 25th March<br />Fitou, France<br />

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