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The Essay: Introductions
The Essay: Introductions
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The Essay: Starting to Write

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A general overview for beginning the writing process including pre-writing techniques of Topic Sentence Outline, FREECASH, and -LY Cousins, and essay plan. Created by Coleman's Classroom.

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The Essay: Starting to Write

  1. 1. Coleman’s Classroom www.clmn.net The Essay Starting the Essay
  2. 2. Coleman’s Classroom www.clmn.net What is Writing?
  3. 3. Coleman’s Classroom www.clmn.net Linear Process Recursive Process prewrite write revise prewrite write edit/ revise edit
  4. 4. Coleman’s Classroom www.clmn.net Writing is… Prewriting (Exploring) Writing Rewriting (Editing and Revising) –Editing –Revising
  5. 5. Coleman’s Classroom www.clmn.net In the Prewriting Stage First You MUST Consider…
  6. 6. Coleman’s Classroom www.clmn.net Topic What is the assignment? How do I feel about it? Do I have any experience or opinion? Have I seen a movie or read a book about it? How did I feel about class the readings?
  7. 7. Coleman’s Classroom www.clmn.net Audience Who are my readers? What do they know? Possibilities: Formal academic, casual academic, Formal Business, Casual,… others?
  8. 8. Coleman’s Classroom www.clmn.net Purpose Is my goal to entertain? to persuade? to inform?
  9. 9. Coleman’s Classroom www.clmn.net Then, you must come up with ideas! Prewriting techniques are helpful!
  10. 10. Coleman’s Classroom www.clmn.net Prewriting Techniques Freewriting Brainstorming Questioning Clustering Outlining Assertions (-LY Cousins) Categorization (FREECASH)
  11. 11. Coleman’s Classroom www.clmn.net Freewriting/ Brainstorming Write whatever comes to mind without worrying about grammar or correctness.
  12. 12. Coleman’s Classroom www.clmn.net Questioning Answering the WH- Questions Who What When Where Why How
  13. 13. Coleman’s Classroom www.clmn.net Clustering
  14. 14. Coleman’s Classroom www.clmn.net Outline Structure Thesis statement:____________________________ I. _______________________________________________ A. _____________________________________________________ B. _____________________________________________________ II. ______________________________________________ A. _____________________________________________________ B. _____________________________________________________ Concluding idea: ______________________________
  15. 15. Coleman’s Classroom www.clmn.net Topic Sentence Outline Example Thesis: Thus, having a good class is easy if you follow these three steps: prepare, concentrate and complete all assignments. TS1: Before the class, you should prepare before you arrive at the class. TS2: During the class, you can try to concentrate as much as you can and pay good attention to your instructor. TS3: After the class, you have to apply what you have learned by completing all assignments. Conclusion: To sum up, doing well in class is easy if you follow these above steps: prepare, concentrate and complete all assignments.
  16. 16. Coleman’s Classroom www.clmn.net Assertions Looking at the issue from various perspectives -LY Cousins
  17. 17. Coleman’s Classroom www.clmn.net -LY Cousins Using -ly adverbs to brainstorm can provide a way to begin thinking about your topic and how to explore it. Ask yourself how the topic/issue affects you, the society, or the world
  18. 18. Coleman’s Classroom www.clmn.net Physically Mentally Academically Spiritually Ethically Technologically Personally Socially Linguistically Politically Financially Environmentally Morally Racially Emotionally
  19. 19. Coleman’s Classroom www.clmn.net Categorization (FREECASH) A method for organizing an essay ideas is to use FREECASH, a set of eight categories that cover a wide range of ideas while at the same time providing specificity and organization.
  20. 20. Coleman’s Classroom www.clmn.net F Freedom, Fairness, Legality, Human Rights, Social Justice R Right & Wrong, Morality, Ethics E Economics, Monetary Issues, Finances, Expenses E Environments: natural, workplace, home, school, etc. C Convenience, Comfort A Appearance, Aesthetics S Safety, Security H Health: individual, societal, mental, physical, emotional, etc.
  21. 21. Coleman’s Classroom www.clmn.net Writing Take all your ideas Write draft Don’t have to start with the First Paragraph!
  22. 22. Coleman’s Classroom www.clmn.net Rewriting Revision – Content – Format – Documentation Editing – Grammar – Sentence Structure – Vocabulary – Punctuation
  23. 23. Coleman’s Classroom www.clmn.net Revising 1. Refine Thesis 2. Reorganize Material 3. Add Details 4. Reword Sentences 5. Look at Transitions
  24. 24. Coleman’s Classroom www.clmn.net Editing Check for complete sentences Check for FR and RO Check for SV agreement Eliminate Passive Verbs Check Spelling
  25. 25. Coleman’s Classroom www.clmn.net For More Information Email Mrs. C ccoleman@clmn.net Visit Coleman’s Classroom www.clmn.net

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