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Advance use of Mikrotik in

  1. 1. Advance use of Mikrotik in Danish rural area Wireless networks <ul><li>Presentation at the MUM 2006 in Dallas Texas </li></ul><ul><li>By </li></ul><ul><li>Niels Sorensen </li></ul><ul><li>Denmark </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Representing: DjurslandS.net / DIIRWB.net / WSFII.net RanumNet.dk / SevelNet.dk / Powerline.dk / Platform.dk </li></ul></ul>Rewrite Version 2
  2. 2. Who? <ul><li>Niels Christian Sørensen (Danish &oslash;) </li></ul><ul><li>15 years experience in Computer Science </li></ul><ul><li>Wireless pioneer since 2000 together with DjurslandS.net </li></ul><ul><li>Live in rural area. </li></ul><ul><li>Employed at Aalborg University </li></ul><ul><li>Developing community and Commercial Wireless solutions </li></ul><ul><li>IT Consultant company: Platform.dk </li></ul>Mikrotik in rural area networks - MUM Dallas, Texas 2006
  3. 3. Why? <ul><li>Used Mikrotik for Commercial and community solutions since 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Wireless Hotspots in harbours </li></ul><ul><li>“ Network master” for DjurslandS.net from 2003 to 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Developed commercial solutions with Powerline 2004-6 - selling good </li></ul><ul><li>Designed and build SevelNet </li></ul><ul><li>Founder of RanumNet </li></ul><ul><li>Participating in DIIRWB / WSFII </li></ul>Mikrotik in rural area networks - MUM Dallas, Texas 2006
  4. 4. Denmark - Geography lesson Mikrotik in rural area networks - MUM Dallas, Texas 2006
  5. 5. Denmark - Facts! <ul><li>5.427.459 (5 mill) people (jan. 06) </li></ul><ul><li>Highest point 130m (1000 feet) </li></ul><ul><li>High living standard and general social infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>High IT infrastructure in urban areas </li></ul><ul><li>Lower Infrastructure in rural areas </li></ul>Mikrotik in rural area networks - MUM Dallas, Texas 2006 <ul><li>State wants to guarantee IT </li></ul><ul><li>Powercompanies go telecom </li></ul><ul><li>IT and Telecom is relatively expensive </li></ul><ul><li>3.610.100 phonelines </li></ul><ul><li>4.785.300 Cell phones </li></ul>
  6. 6. Denmark - no internet? <ul><li>Generally promise of up to 95% DSL coverage by Telecom </li></ul><ul><li>~ 81% have a computer </li></ul><ul><li>~ 83% have access to Inter net </li></ul><ul><li>~ 50% access to Internet at home </li></ul><ul><li>Rural areas with communities of op to 50.000 only 75% </li></ul><ul><li>Tendency to “await fiber solution” as solution in rural areas </li></ul>Mikrotik in rural area networks - MUM Dallas, Texas 2006
  7. 7. Why worry? <ul><li>IT underdevelopment in rural areas equals de-population </li></ul><ul><li>Social deroute in rural areas </li></ul><ul><li>2 urban cities tendency: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Copenhagen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aarhus </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Commercially unattractive </li></ul><ul><li>Fiber roll-out takes many years </li></ul>Mikrotik in rural area networks - MUM Dallas, Texas 2006
  8. 8. My Wireless Denmark DjurslandS.net DIIRWB (WSFII) RanumNet SevelNet Mikrotik in rural area networks - MUM Dallas, Texas 2006
  9. 9. Mikrotik in use as Community and Commercial solutions <ul><li>Communities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>lack of enough volunteer experts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Money matters </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Commerce: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most “professional” solutions are expensive especially CPE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problems with 802.11a/b/g and telephony solutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>... </li></ul></ul>Mikrotik in rural area networks - MUM Dallas, Texas 2006
  10. 10. Community solutions? <ul><li>Volunteer based Communities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tired of waiting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ready to “do it yourself” (or together) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heard / read about / seen similar solutions all over the world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unwilling to pay the expensive fiberbased solutions - if it comes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used to TV by satellite </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Denmark has Community culture </li></ul></ul>Mikrotik in rural area networks - MUM Dallas, Texas 2006
  11. 11. DjurslandS.net? <ul><li>Wireless ”rural area” network in Denmark </li></ul><ul><li>Currently 3.800 homes online </li></ul><ul><li>300+ access points for distribution and 250+ MT </li></ul><ul><li>Started in 1993 </li></ul><ul><li>Started as ”Bøvl” (”Computer troubles”) </li></ul><ul><li>Kazakstan 1999 - Unemployed and disabled Danes helps building IT educational centers in 5 schools. </li></ul><ul><li>Lithuania project 2000 – Same concept </li></ul><ul><li>Bjarke Nielsen (Funder of DjurslandS.net) had a vision </li></ul>Mikrotik in rural area networks - MUM Dallas, Texas 2006
  12. 12. DjurslandS.net - the Vision <ul><li>The vision in 10 points: </li></ul><ul><li>Keep and expand the citizens quality of life </li></ul><ul><li>Keep and attrackt more population to the rural area Djursland </li></ul><ul><li>Expand the rent ability for the companies of Djursland </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure, expand and attract new business to the area </li></ul><ul><li>Create possibilities for new business e.g. telecommuting </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid youth de-population by maintaining competitive jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain and attract new tourism </li></ul><ul><li>Create a good living environment - also for elderly and disabled </li></ul><ul><li>Prevent a long term decade - a low property zone mainly inhabited by elderly and socially disabled. A Digital divide. </li></ul><ul><li>Participate in create a whole Denmark in front in the IT society for generations to come. </li></ul>Mikrotik in rural area networks - MUM Dallas, Texas 2006
  13. 13. DjurslandS.net - Demographics <ul><li>Denmark: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Population: 5.4 million people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Total Area: 43905 m2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Population density: 124,6 people/km2 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Djursland: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Population: 82.420 people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Total area: 1.491 km2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Population density: 57,6 people/km2 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Approx. 1/2 of the general density. </li></ul>Mikrotik in rural area networks - MUM Dallas, Texas 2006
  14. 14. DjurslandS.net - the Movie Niels - please show us the movie! Mikrotik in rural area networks - MUM Dallas, Texas 2006
  15. 15. DjurslandS.net - Gear talk <ul><li>Started with Linksys allover </li></ul><ul><li>Backhaul was 2,4GHz now 5GHz </li></ul><ul><li>Clients mostly cheap Ovislink 2,4GHz </li></ul><ul><li>Starting to replace and expand using Mikrotik and 5GHz clients </li></ul><ul><li>Longest link 15km carries 20Mb FD </li></ul><ul><li>Fiber backbone ties it all together </li></ul><ul><li>60 Mb Internet Access </li></ul><ul><li>“ Fair Share” internet access of typ. 2/2Mb </li></ul>Mikrotik in rural area networks - MUM Dallas, Texas 2006
  16. 16. DjurslandS.net - Backbone Mikrotik in rural area networks - MUM Dallas, Texas 2006
  17. 17. DjurslandS.net - Development Mikrotik in rural area networks - MUM Dallas, Texas 2006
  18. 18. DjurslandS.net - Coverage 2004 Mikrotik in rural area networks - MUM Dallas, Texas 2006
  19. 19. DjurslandS.net - Most interesting links Mikrotik in rural area networks - MUM Dallas, Texas 2006 8km 11km 15km
  20. 20. DjurslandS.net - Most interesting links bw Mikrotik in rural area networks - MUM Dallas, Texas 2006 40Mb/s 20Mb/s
  21. 21. DjurslandS.net? Niels - Show us some images from Djursland Mikrotik in rural area networks - MUM Dallas, Texas 2006
  22. 22. DjurslandS.net - Mikrotik <ul><li>Mikrotik “saved” the project </li></ul><ul><li>User divide on routing platform </li></ul><ul><li>Too few “Linux nerds” </li></ul><ul><li>Started “borrowing” M$ server for routing </li></ul><ul><li>Met Dmitry and John, CeBIT 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Moved focus from platforms to learning how to route </li></ul><ul><li>Superusers can easily learn simple tasks in WinBox </li></ul><ul><li>We “nerds” may still “fool around” in shell </li></ul>Mikrotik in rural area networks - MUM Dallas, Texas 2006
  23. 23. DjurslandS.net - People <ul><li>100% non-commercial </li></ul><ul><li>100% build by volunteers </li></ul><ul><li>100% growth expected the next 2 years </li></ul><ul><li>Users still pay $320,- and $16,- / month </li></ul><ul><li>STILL NO HIRED STAFF </li></ul><ul><li>300+ Volunteers build everything </li></ul><ul><li>No fond finances, no help from government </li></ul><ul><li>Locals make “computer clubs all over” </li></ul>Mikrotik in rural area networks - MUM Dallas, Texas 2006
  24. 24. RanumNet.dk Mikrotik in rural area networks - MUM Dallas, Texas 2006 <ul><li>Moved “back to my new hometown” </li></ul><ul><li>Started with link from my brother to my new house </li></ul><ul><li>The rest of town say the antennas </li></ul><ul><li>Founded January 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Same Principe as Djurs but 5GHz and Mikrotik only running NStream </li></ul><ul><li>Will include VoIP </li></ul><ul><li>Cost: $500,- and $16,- month </li></ul><ul><li>First link to remote island made </li></ul>
  25. 25. SevelNet.dk - Commercial Mikrotik in rural area networks - MUM Dallas, Texas 2006 <ul><li>Powerline sold solution to the City </li></ul><ul><li>City had an “Investment community” that wished to finance the infrastructure, ROI = 3 years </li></ul><ul><li>First 25 CPE is running with VoIP </li></ul><ul><li>Next 50 is arriving from Latvia soon </li></ul><ul><li>Further 100 is ordered </li></ul><ul><li>Cost without Voip: $150,- / $26,- month </li></ul><ul><li>Cost with VoIP: $200,- / $30,- month </li></ul><ul><li>Mikrotik based backhaul and CPE </li></ul>
  26. 26. Broadband in Denmark Mikrotik in rural area networks - MUM Dallas, Texas 2006 <ul><li>Power companies ”go Telecom </li></ul><ul><li>They use billions of $ digging fiber </li></ul><ul><li>States publicly that every home is FTTH enabled within a few year </li></ul><ul><li>Logistically impossible </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum 10 years before the farms in Denmark is FTTH enabled </li></ul><ul><li>Using inferiour PON fiber solution </li></ul><ul><li>Still a big marked for wireless </li></ul><ul><li>No need yet for TV on demand (illigal) </li></ul>
  27. 27. Farmers in Denmark whining Mikrotik in rural area networks - MUM Dallas, Texas 2006 ” Being a farmer without broadband sucks” ” Rural areas needs speed on the internet”
  28. 28. HiSpeed Internet cost <ul><li>Even IF the Power/Telecom guys get there, a fiber internet connection is not cheap </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on speed, not price </li></ul><ul><li>Typicaly twice the price of DSL </li></ul><ul><li>DSL in denmark starts around $60,- / month – flatrate </li></ul><ul><li>Telephone monthly fixed fee is $20,- and then you start paying pr. minute </li></ul><ul><li>” Do it together” wireless solution has an ROI of 1 (one) year in Denmark </li></ul><ul><li>A commercially is absolutely feasible: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RouterBoards as hardware </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MT-OS as firmware </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5GHz (802.11a – 1W) radio technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need Cheap good buildin antennas in Danmark </li></ul></ul>Mikrotik in rural area networks - MUM Dallas, Texas 2006
  29. 29. DIIRWB / WSFII Mikrotik in rural area networks - MUM Dallas, Texas 2006 <ul><li>DIIRWB = Djursland International Institute of Wireless Broadband </li></ul><ul><li>DjurslandS.net created education facility </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching internationally how to build Wireless Rural area networks </li></ul><ul><li>“ Hands on” courses combined with theory </li></ul><ul><li>Part of the WSFII = “World Summit on Free Information Infratructures, supported directly by Kofir Annan </li></ul><ul><li>EU funding supports the idea </li></ul><ul><li>Part of the Baltic Rural Broadband Project </li></ul>
  30. 30. Summercamp 2006 Mikrotik in rural area networks - MUM Dallas, Texas 2006 <ul><li>Come join wireless geeks from all over the world, community as well as commerce. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2004 several hundred boys and girls came from no less than 36 contries on ALL continents </li></ul><ul><li>Workshops, seminars, hands-on experiments </li></ul><ul><li>Build your own antenna and test it. </li></ul><ul><li>Mesh, roam, link, share ideas and get new inspiration in 100% informal surroundings. </li></ul><ul><li>July 1-8 2006, Friland, Djurs, Denmark </li></ul><ul><li>Arnis and I want to come and nerd MT 24/7 </li></ul><ul><li>Brochure available after this commercial </li></ul>
  31. 31. Summercamp - Agenda Sorry Not yet BUT Niels, Please show us some pictures from Freifunk Sommerevent 2004 Mikrotik in rural area networks - MUM Dallas, Texas 2006
  32. 32. More Information (Thank you for listning) DjurslandS.Net: http://www. djurs .net SevelNet: http://www. sevel .net RanumNet: http://www. ranumnet . dk DIIRWB: http: //diirwb .net WSFII: http://www. wsfii . org Commerciel solutions: Niels C. Sorensen [email_address] . dk +45 2214 4077 Mikrotik in rural area networks - MUM Dallas, Texas 2006

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