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Session 14: Friday 27 th  February  Mindtools: Memory and Recall
<ul><li>Memory is linked with learning and building identity.  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Earliest memories: </...
<ul><li>Selective attention  – sometimes when we are focusing on something we don’t notice other things going on around us...
Modal Model - Sperling and others (1960)
Episodic and Semantic memory
  Working memory model - Baddeley and Hitch (1972)
 
Long term memory – Semantic memory  Hierarchical activation model - Collins and Quillian 1969
  Spreading Activation Model – Collins and Loftus (1976)
<ul><li>Episodic memory – Theoretical knowledge of specific moment. </li></ul><ul><li>Event based </li></ul><ul><li>Autobi...
<ul><li>Schema Theory: Anderson (1980) </li></ul><ul><li>Newest model  </li></ul><ul><li>There are certain processes you g...
<ul><li>Why do we forget?  </li></ul><ul><li>Information is not relevant </li></ul><ul><li>Distractions </li></ul><ul><li>...
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Session 14 notes

  1. 1. Session 14: Friday 27 th February Mindtools: Memory and Recall
  2. 2. <ul><li>Memory is linked with learning and building identity. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Earliest memories: </li></ul><ul><li>most peoples earliest memory occurred between 3 and 5 years old </li></ul><ul><li>most of the memories are linked to an action or a traumatic experience </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Whilst most people can generally hold around seven number is mind for a short period, most people will struggle to recall 10 or more numbers. </li></ul><ul><li>Mnemonics - memory aids </li></ul><ul><li>Linking things helps us to remember, for example making a story with objects or chunking numbers. </li></ul><ul><li>When Steven was remembering the items we choose for him he forgot the bucket as it wasn’t linked to anything in this story. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Selective attention – sometimes when we are focusing on something we don’t notice other things going on around us. E.g. counting the number of times a ball is passed and not noticing the gorilla in the background </li></ul>
  4. 4. Modal Model - Sperling and others (1960)
  5. 5. Episodic and Semantic memory
  6. 6.   Working memory model - Baddeley and Hitch (1972)
  7. 8. Long term memory – Semantic memory Hierarchical activation model - Collins and Quillian 1969
  8. 9.   Spreading Activation Model – Collins and Loftus (1976)
  9. 10. <ul><li>Episodic memory – Theoretical knowledge of specific moment. </li></ul><ul><li>Event based </li></ul><ul><li>Autobiographical </li></ul><ul><li>exposed once </li></ul><ul><li>Semantic memory – Factual knowledge independent of time and place. </li></ul><ul><li>Meaning based </li></ul><ul><li>nomothetic </li></ul><ul><li>rehearsed </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Schema Theory: Anderson (1980) </li></ul><ul><li>Newest model </li></ul><ul><li>There are certain processes you go through to do a certain thing e.g. getting up in the morning and making coffee, you put the kettle on to make coffee not to brush your teeth. </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Why do we forget? </li></ul><ul><li>Information is not relevant </li></ul><ul><li>Distractions </li></ul><ul><li>Not rehearsed enough – ‘if you don’t use it you lose it’ </li></ul><ul><li>Injury </li></ul><ul><li>traumatic experience – ‘motivated forgetting’ </li></ul><ul><li>stress </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>David Jonassen: Computers have better memory and recall than we do. We have better teaching ability than the computer. Turn them around </li></ul>

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