Laws--Code of Hammurabi


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Laws--Code of Hammurabi

  1. 1. The author of this PowerPoint is by HillaryBelen Chua in class 5R. Please enjoy yourselves!
  2. 2. 1. Purpose/Some Information I know2. King Hammurabi3. Code Of Hammurabi4. Mesopotamians Needs The Law5. Helping Us Change The World6. Some Pictures7. Bibliography8. Reflection9. Q&A (If we have time.)
  3. 3. I want to do this project because I am really curious about theancient laws of Mesopotamia and how they use the punishment. ButI do know some information about laws since in English GD, we arelearning about the ancient Mesopotamia (now claims as Iraq).Centuries ago, people started to live in a Fertile Crescent somewherein the Middle East. A Fertile Crescent is a place that can grow goodcrops and the the land is curved-shape. There were two rivers calledthe Tigris and Euphrates River between the land. Later on, the Greekscalled the land Mesopotamia, which also mean “between the rivers”and civilization developed in Mesopotamia!
  4. 4. King Hammurabi was the ruler of Babylonia, and yet created theCode of Hammurabi. Before we get to the Code of Hammurabi, letme introduce you to this wise king. Hammurabi was born in the1790 BCE and passed away in 1750 BCE. Nobody was sure how hedied. Some says he died because of natural causes. King Hammurabiconquered cities and expanded his empire. Hammurabi got strongerand stronger every time he conquered a city-state. Because thehistory is too long ago, so there is different results, but its around 13to 14 city-states. The people prayed for him and thought the godsand goddess gave power to Hammurabi.
  5. 5. The laws seem The Code of Hammurabi was the first laws system created inthe Middle East civilization. The laws were written in stone and was placedin a public location so everyone can take a look at the 282 laws that thecitizens should be obeyed. The laws might seem cruel by todays standardbut Hammurabi created those laws because he wants everyone to beresponsible for their own actions and Hammurabi wanted the citizens all tobe fair. One famous principle for this law: “An eye for an eye, a tooth for atooth”. It means that whoever disobey the laws, like killing someone, theperson shall be punished in the same way, which you all might know. Anddead was one of the most basic punishment back then. Some easyexamples:1. If a son slaps his father, his hands shall be cut off.2. If a person puts out another persons eye, the person would be put out for return.The law seem to be fair but it distinguish levels off people. So like if June isa noblewoman and put an eye out of a slave, June shall pay 2 mina of goldto the slave.
  6. 6. The Code Of Hammurabi is so important back then because ifthey don’t have laws, they Middle East side will turn into achaos. Also, law is the most important topic for the civilization,so if there is NO law in Mesopotamia, then civilization go downand into the mud. Hammurabi was really wise to create the firstlaw in the Western civilization. The code also made the placemore safe and made life fair, and the code help keepMesopotamia in order. The law had made such a greatcivilization that today we still use the laws but not to harsh likeHammurabi did. The code made the citizens think before theyact so they won’t do the wrong thing.
  7. 7. The laws helped us developed great civilization but wedo not follow the rules of the Code of Hammurabi.Because some laws are too harsh and as I say just now,dead is a common punishment. If Hammurabi didn’tcreated laws, the world we survive today would be ahuge chaos! However, if we still used the 282 laws thatHammurabi created, there will be lots of killing, and notmuch freedom. But the laws did help us today so theworld will be more organized and in control.
  8. 8. 1. Code of Hammurabi-Online History Sourcebooks2. Code of Hammurabi-LookLex Encyclopedia3. Hammurabi’s Code4. Hammurabi’s Code-New World Encyclopedia
  9. 9. In this project, I did lots of research of theCode of Hammurabi and put all my effort intoit. I also included some pictures so the audiencecan know the paragraph more clearly and thefont is readable. I hope all of you like mypresentation!
  10. 10. Q: How many laws how created in the Code of Hammurabi? A: 282 laws Q: What was the principle for the Code of Hammurabi? A: “An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth.” Q: When was Hammurabi born and dead? A: Born in 1790 BCE and dead in 1750 BCE.Q: Why do the Mesopotamians needed this law? Please say at least one example. A: 1) To stop the Middle East be a total chaos place. 2) To keep Mesopotamia in order. 3) The civilization in the Middle East will be gone forever 4) To make there life fair and safe.