Visual Dictionary- CastInPlace

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Visual Dictionary- CastInPlace

  1. 1. Username: CastInPlace Visual Dictionary BSCI 2300 Matthew Mizzell
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper Definition: Sheet material used on the exterior of a house to prevent air infiltration Function: It is preventing air from infiltrating the building and preventing the increase of air volume inside the building 1
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation: Soffit Vent Soffit Vents are needed to allow cool air to flow into the attic space while still keeping out insects 2
  4. 4. Attic Ventilation: Ridge Vent Ridge Vents at the peak of the roof discharge the air entering through soffit vents or frieze block vents, and allow airflow through the attic 3
  5. 5. Attic Ventilation: Gable Vent Gable vents discharge the air from soffit vents or frieze block vents to create airflow through the attic 4
  6. 6. Attic Ventilation: Roof Turbine Roof Turbines have a fan that spins to suck hot air out of the attic space and discharge it, replacing gable or ridge vents 5
  7. 7. Backhoe Definition: Excavating equipment that consists of a digging bucket at the end of a two-part articulated arm, and is used for digging and dumping large amounts of dirt for various foundation and cut or fill projects Bucket Width: 24” 6
  8. 8. Batter Boards Definition/Function: A temporary frame built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface planes of the basement that will be built in the excavation, they establish the position, shape, and size of the building on site 7
  9. 9. Brick Arches: Parabolic Arch 8
  10. 10. Brick Arches: Roman Arch
  11. 11. Brick Arches: Arch with a Keystone 12
  12. 12. Brick Arches: Centering Definition: Temporary formwork for an arch, dome, or vault (this one was not removed) 13
  13. 13. <ul><li>Brick Bonds: Flemish Bond Flemish bonds feature rows of alternating stretcher and header bricks </li></ul>14
  14. 14. Brick Bonds: Stretcher Bond Stretcher bonds feature rows of all stretcher bricks next to each other 15
  15. 15. Brick Bonds: Rowlocks 16
  16. 16. Brick Bonds: Headers 17
  17. 17. Brick Bonds: Soldiers 18
  18. 18. Brick Bonds: Sailors 19
  19. 19. Brick Bonds: Stretcher Rowlocks (Shiners) 20
  20. 20. Brick Sizes: Modular Brick 3 1/2” x 7 1/2” x 2 1/4” 21
  21. 21. Brick Sizes: Roman Brick 3 1/2” x 11 1/2” x 1 5/8” 22
  22. 22. Bulldozer Definition: A crawler equipped with a metal blade used to push large quantities of soil, sand, or rubble during construction work 23
  23. 23. Cladding: Brick Clad Structure 24
  24. 24. Cladding: EFIS Clad Structure 25
  25. 25. Cladding: Stone Clad Structure Coursed Rubble 26
  26. 26. Cladding: Wood Board Clad Structure 27
  27. 27. Cladding: Wood Shingle Clad Structure Wood Shingle-Wood shingle that is sawed smooth on each side Wood Shake-Wood shingle that is split rough on at least one side 28
  28. 28. Code Requirements: Egress Window The window egress is 36” high by 32” wide and has a 24” sill. The requirements are for it to be at least 34 1/4” wide, 24” high and no more than a 44” sill. This window does not meet code because it is not wide enough. 29
  29. 29. Code Requirements: Stair Studied The stair has a riser of 8” and a tread of 10 1/2” without nosing. Code requires for a stair to have at least 10” tread and no more than 7 3/4” riser. The stair does not meet code because the riser is too high. 30
  30. 30. Concrete Joints: Control Joint Definition: An intentional, linear discontinuity in a structure or component, designed to form a plane of weakness where cracking can occur in response to various forces so as to minimize or eliminate cracking elsewhere in the structure 31
  31. 31. Concrete Joints: Isolation Joint Definition: A surface divider joint that provides space for the surface to expand 32
  32. 32. Concrete Masonry Unit: 1 CMU=3 Brick Courses 33
  33. 33. Concrete Masonry Unit: Definition: A block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same manner as a brick or stone; a concrete block. Typical dimensions: 7 5/8” x 7 5/8” x 15 5/8”. 34
  34. 34. Decorative Concrete Masonry Units: Split-Block 35
  35. 35. Decorative Concrete Masonry Unit: Ribbed 36
  36. 36. Doors: Exterior Flush Door 37
  37. 37. Doors: Exterior Panel Door Top Rail Lock Rail Bottom Rail Stile Panel 38
  38. 38. Doors: Transom Definition: A small window directly above a door Doors: Sidelight Definition: A tall, narrow window alongside a door Electrical Components: Power Pole Function: The power pole holds up power lines and contains the transformer, which is a device that changes the voltage of the alternating current. Transom Sidelight 39
  39. 39. Electrical Components: Power Pole Function: The power pole holds up power lines and contains the transformer, which is a device that changes the voltage of the alternating current. 40
  40. 40. Electrical Components: Service Head Function: Conducts electricity from outdoor lines to the meter base 41
  41. 41. Electrical Components: Meter Function: Measures the amount of electricity used by a certain unit for billing purposes 42
  42. 42. Electrical Components: Service Panel Function: A central box of switches where the various branches of electical wiring can be switched on or off for specific areas of a building 43
  43. 43. <ul><li>Electrical Components: Duplex Receptacle Function: Serves as a receptacle where any two electric appliances or devices can be connected to the electrical wiring </li></ul>
  44. 44. Framing Elements: #1 Anchor Bolt
  45. 45. Framing Elements: #2 Sill Plate
  46. 46. <ul><li>Framing Elements: #3 Floor Joists </li></ul>
  47. 47. Framing Elements: #4 Subflooring 44
  48. 48. Framing Elements: #5 Stud 45
  49. 49. Framing Elements: #6 Top Plate 46
  50. 50. Framing Elements: #7 Ceiling Joist 47
  51. 51. Framing Elements: #8 Sole Plate 48
  52. 52. Framing Elements: #9 Rafter 49
  53. 53. Framing Elements: #10 Roof Decking 50
  54. 54. Framing Elements: #11 Sheathing 51
  55. 55. Framing Elements: #12 Stringer 52
  56. 56. Front-end Loader Definition: It is a construction vehicle that is primarily used to load and transport materials onto or into another vehicle or place. It differs from a bulldozer in that it is used to pick up material rather than merely push it. 53
  57. 57. Gypsum Board Definition: An interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces 54
  58. 58. Heat Pump Advantage: Heat Pumps increase heating efficiency by a factor of 3 Disadvantage: Cooling ducts for heat pumps must be larger because of a larger volume of air Heat Pump: Compressor/ Condenser The compressor/ condenser extracts heat from the cool air outside by moving the air across coils that change the temperature of the refrigerant 55
  59. 59. Heat Pump: Air Handling Unit The Air Handling Unit contains filters, heating/cooling coils, and blowers to clean, regulate, and circulate the desired temperature throughout a house 56
  60. 60. Insulation: Blanket Insulation The purpose of insulation is to prevent the passage of heat from penetrating the wall of a house and keep the inside heat from escaping to the outside, while keeping the inhabitants comfortable and saving them money on energy costs 57
  61. 61. Insulation: Loose Fill Insulation 58
  62. 62. Insulation: Foamed Insulation 59 60
  63. 63. Insulation: Rigid Board Insulation 61
  64. 64. Lintel Definition: A beam that carries the load of wall across a window or door opening 62
  65. 65. Mortar: Concave Joint Tooled Joint 3/8” Large Office/Classroom Building Type S 63 64
  66. 66. Mortar: Raked Joint Tooled Joint 3/8” Small Mechanical Building Type S 65 66
  67. 67. Oriented Strand Board Definition: Nonveneered panel product composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions and bonded together under pressure 67
  68. 68. Plumbing: Lavatory 1 1/2” Piping used to drain 68
  69. 69. Plumbing: Water Closet 3” Piping used to drain 69
  70. 70. Plumbing: Manufactured Tub 70
  71. 71. Plumbing: Roof Vent The roof vent allows air to enter into the drainage and waste system to allow them to drain using the atmospheric pressure 71
  72. 72. Plumbing: Countertop Sink Drop-in Sink 72
  73. 73. Plywood Definition: Wood panel composed of and odd number of layers of wood veneer (thin sheets of wood) bonded together under pressure 73
  74. 74. Radiant Barrier Definition: Reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in roof or wall assemblies as a deterrent to the passage of infrared energy 74
  75. 75. Rebar 1/2” rebar #4 The deformations rolled into the surface of a rebar help it to bond tightly to concrete 75
  76. 76. Steep Roof Drainage: Gutter Definition: A channel that collects snowmelt and rainwater at the eave of a roof and channels it to a downspout 76
  77. 77. Steep Roof Drainage: Downspout Definition: A vertical pipe for conducting rainwater and snowmelt from the roof via the gutter and channeling it to the ground 77
  78. 78. Steep Roof Drainage: Splash Block Definition: Small pre-cast block of concrete or plastic used to divert water at the bottom of a downspout 78
  79. 79. Steep Roof Materials: Underlayment Definition: A layer of waterproof material such as building felt between roof sheathing and roofing to keep rainwater from leaking through the roof 79
  80. 80. Steep Roof Materials: Clay Tile 80
  81. 81. Steep Roof Materials: Shingles Definition: A small unit of water-resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion wit may other such units to render a wall or sloping roof watertight Metal Shingles Steep Roof Materials: 81
  82. 82. Metal Panel Roof Typical materials used: Aluminized Steel Steep Roof Shapes: Gable Roof 82
  83. 83. Steep Roof Shapes: Gable Roof 83
  84. 84. Steep Roof Shapes: Gambrel Roof 84
  85. 85. Steep Roof Shapes: Hip Roof 85
  86. 86. Steep Roof Shapes: Mansard Roof 86
  87. 87. Steep Roof Terms: Ridge Definition: The level intersection of two roof planes in a gable roof Steep Roof Terms: Valley Definition: A trough formed by the intersection of two roof slopes Steep Roof Terms: Eave Definition: The horizontal edge at the low side of a sloping roof Steep Roof Terms: Rake Definition: The sloping edge of a steep roof Ridge Eave Rake Valley 87
  88. 88. Steep Roof Terms: Fascia Definition: The exposed vertical face of an eave 88
  89. 89. Steep Roof Terms: Building Without a Fascia Definition: A Building that has no vertical face on its eaves 89
  90. 90. Steep Roof Terms: Soffit Definition: The undersurface of a horizontal element of a building, especially the underside of a stair or a roof overhang 90
  91. 91. Stone: Random Rubble Pattern 91
  92. 92. Stone: Coursed Rubble Pattern 92
  93. 93. Stone: Random Ashlar Pattern 93
  94. 94. Stone: Coursed Ashlar Pattern 94
  95. 95. Vapor Retarder Vapor retarder is intended to obstruct the passage of water vapor through a building assembly and is placed on the warm in winter side of a wall 95
  96. 96. Waterproofing Waterproofing is applied to the outside of the foundation and is impervious to water and water accumulation Loosely Laid 96
  97. 97. Weep Hole *Definition: A small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component assembly 97 98
  98. 98. Windows: Single-Hung The window has two components, with only the bottom one operable, and it opens from the bottom up and latches in the middle when closed 99
  99. 99. Windows: Sliding The window has two components, one of which is stationary and the other of which can slide horizontally and latch on the side 100
  100. 100. Windows: Awning The window has one component that tilts open outward. 101

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