MLA Format


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MLA Format

  1. 1. MLA Format? For What? What is MLA and Why Do We Have to Use It? A Writing Center
  2. 2. Reasons to use it: To avoid plagiarism  To give credit to the original author  To allow people to find out more about your topic 
  3. 3. Things to Remember      Any information you get from a source must be cited, whether it is a quote, paraphrase or summary. Basic format for in-text citations (note there is no comma between name & page #, and no ‘p.’): (Author’s Last Name page #) (Smith 25) In-text citations should be placed as close to the information from the source within the text as possible (for example, at the end of the sentence for a quotation or the end of the paragraph for a summary). MLA is a 2-part system; both in-text citations and a Works Cited page are required. The Works Cited list is organized alphabetically by author’s last name, or if there is no author, the first important word in the title.
  4. 4. More Things to Remember        The Works Cited page is a new page in the same document as your paper (page numbering should continue) It is called Works Cited; center this at the top of the page. Double space the Works Cited page, just like the rest of your paper. For entries more than one line long, second and subsequent lines are indented. Book, magazine, newspaper, journal and web site titles are always italicized or underlined. Titles of articles, short stories and poems are always placed inside quotation marks. For quotations more than four lines long, use the block quote format – indent the entire quotation ten spaces (tab twice) and do not place inside quotation marks.
  5. 5. MLA = Modern Language Association The reason we use a standard form of citing resources is so that there is no confusion. It’s standard, therefore someone 3,000 miles away (who also uses MLA) will understand what your citation means.  MLA is commonly used for language and literature based disciplines.
  6. 6. What does the Modern Language Association say? The style recommended by the association for preparing scholarly manuscripts and student research papers… concerns itself with the mechanics of writing, such as punctuation, quotation, and documentation of sources.
  7. 7. MLA is a two-part System Works Cited Page  In-Text Citations  The in-text citations must match up with the entries on the Works Cited Page.
  8. 8. Where Do I Start? With Basic Format…
  9. 9. What’s Next? The Works Cited Page…
  10. 10. What About the Citations in the Paper? In-text Citations are based on the Works Cited page… Jeffries, Martin. Haunted Minds. New York: Jack-OLantern Publications, 2005. The area of the brain that contains past memories is sometimes filled with “horrid distortions of past tragedy” (Jeffries 56).
  11. 11. Sample Works Cited Page Entries
  12. 12. Book… Titles of books are underlined or italicized The author’s name should be LAST, FIRST Smith, Jane. Having Fun with Finger Paints. Morganton, NC: Artsy Press, Inc., 2005. Print. The state is required only if the location of the city is not well-known Use the most recent copyright year
  13. 13. Where to find this information in a book… Title Copyright Year Publisher Information (name and location) Author’s Name
  14. 14. Magazine (or Journal)… Article name should be in quotations The author’s name should be LAST, FIRST Carter, Hank. “Sharing the Wealth.” Debt Consolidation Monthly. 14.2 (2003): 25-31. Print. Page Magazine title should be underlined or italicized numbers Volume number Issue number Year of publication
  15. 15. Where to find this information in a magazine… Magazine title, date of publication, volume and issue numbers, page number Title of article Author of article
  16. 16. Web Site… The author’s name should be LAST, FIRST (if no author, skip this part) Name of the work (not the entire site) Date of access (when you looked at it) Gerber, Patsy. “Embarking on the Future.” Science Fiction Books of the World. 2005. Web. 10 Nov. 2005. Name of the web site When site was last updated URL in brackets <>
  17. 17. Where to find this information on a web site… Title of work Name of web site URL When last updated
  18. 18. Sample In-Text Citations
  19. 19. Book or Magazine… The setting of Briars on the Path is one that enlightens the reader as well as represents an innovative ideology – setting as character (Jones 27). Author’s last name Page number where information can be referenced
  20. 20. Website… If an article/work does not have an author, use the first word of the citation on the Works Cited page (if the word is in quotations, use quotations when cited parenthetically) The art of karate is not a new concept, it has been around for hundreds of years (“Karate” par.7). Asian countries have participated in this discipline and are considered the founders of the art (Hawthorne par.2). Author’s last name and paragraph number – since web sites do not have “pages”
  21. 21. Internet Options       UNC Citation Builder Son of Citation Machine Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University Microsoft Office References *Note that if there is a discrepancy between the way the computer formats a citation and what your textbook says, you should use the format in the textbook.
  22. 22. If you want one-to-one assistance… Go to the Writing Center!