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ENRS Poster 15.pptx


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ENRS Poster 15.pptx

  1. 1. Hookah and E-cigarette Usage: Attitudes, Knowledge, and Behaviors on a Northeastern University Campus Courtney Berenato, Gabrielle Amoroso, Diana Sireci, Lila Olman, Erin McArdle, Brittany Bungert, Qimin Chen, Cassie Anzalone, Kerrin Nelson Mentors: Joyce Rhodes-Keefe, RN-C, MS, Lori Sprague, MS, RN, Rosemary Collier, MS, RN, Geraldine R. Britton, RN, PhD, Abstract Purpose: To explore the health beliefs, attitudes, perceptions and knowledge of a university campus community about hookah and e-cigarette usage. Background: There is an increasing incidence of hookah and electronic cigarette (e-cig, e-hookah, vape pens) usage among the college-aged population today. At an urban Midwestern university, undergraduate college students reported a lifetime hookah use of 48%. However, many do not know the deleterious effects. In a study of 4,444 North Carolina university students, 50% of respondents stated that they did not know whether e-cigarettes were more harmful when compared to traditional cigarettes, with 17% reporting that they were less harmful (Sutfin, McCoy, Morrell, Hoeppner, & Wolfson, 2013). Likewise, Sharma, Clark, & Sharp (2014), found that study subjects displayed a significant lack of knowledge regarding the safety and health implications of hookah (“water pipe”), and perceived them as “safer and less addictive than cigarette smoking” (p.445). Current data regarding health and emerging needs of our campus community are limited, therefore emphasizing the need for this research. Methods: This study employed a descriptive research design, using a 23-question survey. The survey was distributed at a northeastern public university campus event with 238 respondents. A second survey will be conducted at a similar event at a later date. Results: Preliminary data analysis yielded a mean age for all respondents of 21.1 years; 48% were female, 52% were male. 93% of respondents were undergraduate, and 7% were graduate students. Responses for the merged data sets will be analyzed using SPSS version 22. Conclusion/Implications: Due to the fast developing nature of these products and their marketing, these data will contribute significantly to existing knowledge. Identification of current usage, attitudes and knowledge of hookah and electronic cigarettes can help us more effectively plan an intervention to promote a healthy campus environment. Purpose To determine cigarette, smokeless tobacco, e-cigarette, and e-hookah usage and knowledge of the campus community, as well as to evaluate attitudes towards a tobacco-free campus policy. Objectives: ❖ To determine usage and knowledge of cigarettes, smokeless tobacco, e-cigarettes, and e-hookah usage within the campus community. ❖ To assess attitudes and beliefs towards a tobacco-free campus policy. Setting: ❖ Conducted in a high traffic area at a medium-sized northeastern state university. Results Of a total of 342 students who responded • 7% (n=24) reported smoking 100 cigarettes in their lifetime • 54% (n=184) reported ever using hookah. • 17% (n=57) reported ever using e-cigarettes • 26% (n=89) reported ever using vapor hookah • 9% (n=30) reported ever using smokeless tobacco. A chi square test of independence was calculated comparing the use of e-cigarettes among those who reported smoking 100 cigarettes in their lifetime. Those who have smoked 100 cigarettes in their lifetime are more likely to use e-cigarettes than those who have not. A significant interaction was found (x2 (1)=48.34, p<0.001). A chi square test of independence was calculated comparing the use of vapor hookah among those who reported smoking 100 cigarettes in their lifetime. Those who have smoked 100 cigarettes are more likely to use vapor hookah. A significant interaction was found (x2 (1)=6.024, p<0.05). A chi square test of independence was calculated comparing the use of smokeless tobacco among those who reported smoking 100 cigarettes in their lifetime. Those who have smoked 100 cigarettes are more likely to use smokeless tobacco. A significant interaction was found (x2 (1)=33.234, p<0.001). Recommendations ❖ From the results of our research, students have responded with a knowledge deficit of hookah and E-cigarettes. Thus we propose an educational intervention with the use of interactive online module programs. The material would be research based but presented in a fun interactive format to help students relate to the material in their college settings and social environments as well as keep them involved in the intervention to facilitate better learning. Acknowledgments Supported by the Binghamton University Academic and Faculty Development Fund & Healthy Campus Initiative Statement of Disclosure: The author reports no actual or potential conflicts of interest. References Sharma, E., Clark, P. I., & Sharp, K. E. (2014). Understanding psychosocial aspects of waterpipe smoking among college students. American Journal of Health Behavior, 38(3), 440-447. doi: 10.5993/AJHB. 38.3.13 Sutfin, E. L., McCoy, T. P., Morrell, H. E. R., Hoeppner, B. B., & Wolfson, M. (2013, Aug 1). Electronic cigarette use by college students. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 131(3), 214-221. doi: 10.1016/ j. drugalcdep.2013.05.00 Methodology Design: ❖ A mixed methods study using a survey with open ended questions. ❖ Descriptive correlational design using convenience sampling. ❖ One page front and back survey with twenty questions. ❖ 357 total participants. ❖ Incentives to complete the survey consisted of a gift card random drawing for participants using their email addresses and free popcorn and/or candy. Procedure: ❖ Responses were analyzed using SPSS version 22 ❖ Responses analyzed for key themes individually and collectively ❖ We ran descriptive statistics, chi square, and correlations (Spearman’s Rho)