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Europe14notes.docx

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Europe14notes.docx

  1. 1. Chapter 14: The Formation of Western Europe, 800-1500 Section 1: Church Reform and the Crusades Main Idea: Why it matters now? Setting the Stage: Monastic Revival and Church Reform Problems in the Church 1. 2. Simony= 3. Reforms Begins at Cluny 1. When? 2. Where? 3. What happened? 4. What did it influence? Reform & Church Organization ● Papal Curia= ● Canon Law= Preaching Friars ● Friars= ● Dominicans= ● Franciscans= Religious Orders for Women ● Poor Clares= Cathedrals- Cities of God A New Style of Church Architecture ● Romanesque= ● Gothic= ● City of God=
  2. 2. The Crusades ● Pope Urban II= ● Goal of Crusades= Causes of Crusading Spirit ● Motives- ● How did this benefit Europeans? Crusade # What happened? Result: 1 2 3 4 The Crusading Spirit Dwindles The Later Crusades Example 1: Example 2: A Spanish Crusade ● Reconquista= ● Result? ● Inquisition= The Effects of the Crusades Negative Effects: Positive Effects:
  3. 3. Section 2: Trade, Towns and Financial Revolution Main Idea: Why it matters now? Setting the Stage: A Growing Food Supply 1. Using Horsepower 2. The 3 Field System The Guilds ● Guilds= A Commercial Revolution= 1. Fairs & Trade 2. Business & Banking 3. Society Changes Urban Life Flourishes: 1. Trade & Towns Grow Together 2. Merchant Class Shifts the Social Order ○ Burghars= The Revival of Learning Muslim Connection Scholars & the University Vernacular
  4. 4. Section 3: England and France Develop Main Idea: Why it matters now? Setting the Stage: England Absorbs Waves of Invaders 1. Early Invasions: 2. The Norman Conquest a. William the Conqueror= England’s Evolving Government ● Henry II= ● Eleanor of Aquitaine= Juries & the Common Law= The Magna Carta= The Model Parliament ● Parliament= Capetian Dynasty Rules France France Becomes a Separate Kingdom Philip 2 Expands His Empire Philip 2’s Heirs Estates-General= Beginnings of Democracy:
  5. 5. Section 4: The Hundred Years’ War & The Plague Main Idea: Why it matters now? Setting the Stage: A Church Divided ● Pope and King Collide ● Avignon and the Great Schism ○ Avignon= ● Great Schism= A Scholarly Challenge to Church Authority ● John Wycliffe= ● Jan Hus= The Bubonic Plague Strikes Origins & Impact Effects of Plague The 100 Years’ War 1. Origins 2. Longbow Changes Warfare 3. Joan of Arc
  6. 6. 4. Impact of 100 Years War
  7. 7. 4. Impact of 100 Years War

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