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Ancient Egypt

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Ancient Egypt

  1. 1. Ancient Egypt Chapter 2:2
  2. 2. Geography • Nile River is the longest river in the world (4,100 miles)
  3. 3. Geography • Cataract= waterfall or stretch of rapids • Delta= marshy region formed by deposits of silt at the mouth of the river (triangle) • Upper (inland) and Lower Egypt (delta) • Nile flows northbound
  4. 4. Environment • Nile was consistent • Egyptian stayed close to the river • Invaders were shut out because of Sahara (natural barriers) • Traded with Mesopotamia
  5. 5. Clip: Man vs. Wild- The Sahara
  6. 6. First Kingdoms • First divided into 2 kingdoms (Upper & Lower) • Upper Kingdom King Menes, united all of Egypt • Capitol became, Memphis • Began the first Egyptian dynasty
  7. 7. • Clip: The Pharaoh Report (Horrible Histories)
  8. 8. Pharaoh • = Egyptian god-king • Theocracy= government in which the ruler is seen as divine • The pharaoh caused: the sun to rise, the Nile to flood, and the crops to grow
  9. 9. Pyramids • Pyramids (tombs) were more important as their palace • Pyramids were built as soon as leaders took reign
  10. 10. • Built of stone, granite and limestone • Pyramids show strength of Egypt
  11. 11. • Clip: Inside a Pyramid
  12. 12. Religion • Polytheistic • Most important, Ra, the Sun God, and Horus, the god of light • Isis, represented the ideal mother and wife • Worshiped about 2,000 gods and goddesses
  13. 13. • Clip: Prince of Egypt, “Playing with the Big Boys”
  14. 14. • Clip: Horrible Histories, Egyptian Gods
  15. 15. Afterlife • Life continued after death • Osiris, god of the dead, would judge • Objects were buried with them that they would need in the next life
  16. 16. Mummification • =embalming and drying of the corpse to prevent it from decaying
  17. 17. How to Mummify: • 1. Announcement of Death • 2. Embalming the Body • 3. Removal of Brain (hook inserted in nose) • 4. Removal of Internal Organs (liver, lungs, stomach and intestines • Taken out by slit on the abdomen, each was stored in canopic jars • 5. Drying out Process (with salt, left outside for 40 days) • 6. Wrapping of Body
  18. 18. • Clip: Pet Mummies in SLC
  19. 19. Slavery • Captives from foreign wars • Served in the homes, and mined gold • Egyptians could change social classes
  20. 20. Writing • Hieroglyphics= Egyptian writing system • Papyrus= tall stalks of reeds used to make paper • Egyptian writing was lost for centuries until the Rosetta Stone was found in 1799
  21. 21. • Clip: Hieroglyphics, Horrible Histories
  22. 22. Inventions • Early form of geography (Nile) • Skillful architects & engineers • First to use columns (homes, temples, palaces) • Calendar (time the flooding) • Medicine, surgeries (mummifications)
  23. 23. Activity
  24. 24. Activity: Different Beliefs in the Afterlife • Groups of 2-3 • Read Information • Create a visual of your religion’s point of view of the afterlife • Share
  25. 25. Beliefs in the Afterlife • Journey and struggling to unite with your family • Punishment, go through hell first to get to heaven, limbo (between) • heaven/hell, punishment • Journey, waiting period, house of the dead • Heaven/hell (punishment) • Reincarnation, rewards/punishments to move in cycle • Heaven/hell, all will live forever, depends on deeds, select few will go to heaven • Feared death, journey, punishment for good and bad, paradise • Life is prison, all men are gods • No hell (cease to exist), righteous live with god, 1,000 year war, survivors go to kingdom with god • Judgment day, heaven/hell • Spirit and physical world are similar, dream time,

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