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CH 24:3: NATIONALISM (CASE STUDY: ITALY
& GERMANY)
Main Idea: Nationalism contributed to the
formation of 2 new nations a...
1. NATIONALISM:A FORCE FOR UNITED
OR DISUNITY
Background: During the 1800s, nationalism
field efforts to build nation-sta...
1. NATIONALISM:A FORCE FOR UNITED
OR DISUNITY
Italy Germany
Austria Russia Ottoma
n Empire
WHAT HAPPENS BECAUSE OF
NATIONALISM?
Unites Breakup
AUSTRIA- BREAKUP
Hapsburgs
Brought together many nations
(Hungarians, Germans, Czechs, Slovaks, Serbs,
Italians….etc)
Aust...
RUSSIA
Czars
Rules large empire:
(Ukraine,Poland, Lutuanians, Latvians, Estonias, Finns,
Jews…etc)- each group had it’s ow...
OTTOMAN EMPIRE
Turks large empire
(Greeks, Slavs,Arabs, Bulgarians,Armenians)
Granted CITIZENSHIP to all
people under thei...
ITALY (1/2)
 Model for Italy= Piedmont-Sardinia
(state in Italy)
Camillo di Cavour= named
prime minister by Sardinia’s k...
ITALY 2/2
 Cavour secretly started to help a
nationalist rebel, GIUSEPPE
GARIBALDI, in southern Italy
 Garibaldi always ...
GERMANY
 Bismark Unites Germany
 German Confederation- 39
loosely grouped states
 Prussia was ready to unify
all German...
GERMANY
BismarckTakes Control:
Wilhelm 1 saw Parliament as
a threat to his army
JUNKERS- supported
wealthy landowning c...
GERMANY
 Prussia Expands
 Went to war with Austria to
win more land
 Victory increased
nationalism
 SevenWeeks’War
 D...
GERMANY
 Franco-Prussian War
 Many German states remained
independent from Prussia
 Southern Germans were Catholics
and...
A SHIFT IN POWER
 After the 1815 Congress ofVienna
there were 5 GREAT POWERS in
Europe
 Britain*
 France
 Austria
 Pr...
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24.3 power point

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24.3 power point

  1. 1. CH 24:3: NATIONALISM (CASE STUDY: ITALY & GERMANY) Main Idea: Nationalism contributed to the formation of 2 new nations and a new political order in Europe Why it matters? Nationalism is the basis of world politics today and has often caused conflicts and wars
  2. 2. 1. NATIONALISM:A FORCE FOR UNITED OR DISUNITY Background: During the 1800s, nationalism field efforts to build nation-states Nationalists were NOT loyal to the kings, but their people (those who shared common beliefs)
  3. 3. 1. NATIONALISM:A FORCE FOR UNITED OR DISUNITY Italy Germany Austria Russia Ottoma n Empire
  4. 4. WHAT HAPPENS BECAUSE OF NATIONALISM? Unites Breakup
  5. 5. AUSTRIA- BREAKUP Hapsburgs Brought together many nations (Hungarians, Germans, Czechs, Slovaks, Serbs, Italians….etc) Austro-PrussianWar (Prussia wins, pressured by Austrian Emperor to split his empire in ½) Austria-Hungary (aka Austro-Hungary After WW1, broke up into several nation- states
  6. 6. RUSSIA Czars Rules large empire: (Ukraine,Poland, Lutuanians, Latvians, Estonias, Finns, Jews…etc)- each group had it’s own culture RUSSIFICATION (forcing Russian culture on all) Strengthened ETHNIC NATIONALIST feelings Czar weakens 1917- last Czar gave up power
  7. 7. OTTOMAN EMPIRE Turks large empire (Greeks, Slavs,Arabs, Bulgarians,Armenians) Granted CITIZENSHIP to all people under their rule (pressured by British & French) Angered conservative Turks (who wanted no change- caused TENSION) Broke up after WW1
  8. 8. ITALY (1/2)  Model for Italy= Piedmont-Sardinia (state in Italy) Camillo di Cavour= named prime minister by Sardinia’s king (Victor Emanuel II)  Cavour’s Goal:  Expanded Piedmont-Sardinia’s power  Goal- united all Italy under Sardinian rule  Problem- Austria is controlling north Italy  What he did? Provoke a war with Austria (France helped)  Result: Italy won northern Italy
  9. 9. ITALY 2/2  Cavour secretly started to help a nationalist rebel, GIUSEPPE GARIBALDI, in southern Italy  Garibaldi always wore a red shirt into battle- known as “RED SHIRTS”  Captured Sicily and march northward  United northern and southern Italy, and stepped down to let the Sardinian king rule ALL of Italy  Rome came under Italian control and it became the capital  Pope continued to govern from Rome aka Vatican City
  10. 10. GERMANY  Bismark Unites Germany  German Confederation- 39 loosely grouped states  Prussia was ready to unify all German states  Prussia Leads German Unification:  Positive 1: Mainly German population- nationalism united them  Positive 2: Strong army  What did the people want? A constitution for the kingdom
  11. 11. GERMANY BismarckTakes Control: Wilhelm 1 saw Parliament as a threat to his army JUNKERS- supported wealthy landowning class, like Wilhelm  OTTO von BISMARCK= Junker, named prime minister, master of REALPOLITIK (“the politics of reality”- tough power politics)  Bismarck said he would rule without the consent of the Parliament and without a budget (broke the constitution)
  12. 12. GERMANY  Prussia Expands  Went to war with Austria to win more land  Victory increased nationalism  SevenWeeks’War  Dispute over newly won land (with Austria)  Prussia wins  Took control of northern Germany  The eastern and western parts of Prussia united for the 1st time
  13. 13. GERMANY  Franco-Prussian War  Many German states remained independent from Prussia  Southern Germans were Catholics and didn’t like Prussian Protestants  Bismarck’s Plan- if German states felt another outside pressure, they would love to be ruled by Prussia  He manufactured “incidents” to get what he wanted  Finally, Germans accepted Prussian rule  King Wilhelm 1 was crowned KAISER= emperor  Declared themselves the 2nd Reich (Holy Roman Empire was the the 1st)
  14. 14. A SHIFT IN POWER  After the 1815 Congress ofVienna there were 5 GREAT POWERS in Europe  Britain*  France  Austria  Prussia Germany*  Russia  Wars of mid-1800s strengthened some (*)

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