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NAFDAC presentation

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NAFDAC Regulatory Activities on Pesticides.

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NAFDAC presentation

  1. 1. NAFDAC REGULATORY ACTIVITIES ON PESTICIDES A Presentation at A TWO DAY TRAINING/WORKSHOP: ON “APPLICATION TECHNIQUES AND SAFE USE OF PESTICIDES” UNDER THE SUSTAINABLE WEED MANAGEMENT TECHNOLOGIES FOR CASSAVA PROJECT IN NIGERIA ON 27th – 28TH April, 2015 BY Dr. Idayat A. Mudashir VETERINARY MEDICINES AND ALLIED PRODUCTS DIRECTORATE (VMAP) 1
  2. 2. CONTENTSCONTENTS INTRODUCTION  DEFINITION  LAWS REGULATING PESTICIDE  NAFDAC MANDATE  REGULATORY ACTIVITIES  REQUIREMENT FOR PESTICIDE REGISTRATION  REQUIREMENT FOR BULK IMPORTATION OF PESTICIDE  SAFE USE OF PESTICIDE  PRECAUTIONARY MEASURES  LABELING REQUIREMENTS  CONCLUSION 2
  3. 3. INTRODUCTIONINTRODUCTION  Pesticides play an important role in the struggle to increase food production, protect harvested food and to control vectors of diseases.  Current agriculture system promotes the reliance on agrochemicals, which has been steadily increasing during the last few decades and continues to grow in recent years. 3
  4. 4.  Many cases of accidents and death due to improper use of pesticides have occurred in Nigeria. In many countries, there are restrictions on the levels of there toxic chemicals in staple food products.  The regulatory system is designed to ensure that the remaining residues do not constitute unacceptable health risks to consumers. 4
  5. 5. DEFINITIONS The NAFDAC Pesticide Registration Regulation (2005) defines • Pest as any insect, rodent, nematode, fungus, weed or any other form of plant or virus or bacteria or other microorganism. • Pesticide as any chemical substance or mixture of substance intended for preventing, destroying, repelling, mitigating the effect of any pest of plants and animals. • Agrochemical is a term used to refer to the various chemical products used in agriculture and animal husbandry such as fertilisers, pesticides and soil conditioners. 5
  6. 6. DEFINITIONSDEFINITIONS  Pesticide residue refers to pesticides that may remain on or in food after they are applied to food crops, or as a result of environmental contamination or animal feeding on pesticide Treated feed  Maximum Residue Limit (MRLs) - is the maximum concentration of a Agrochemical residue legally permitted on a food commodity. 6
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  8. 8. Effect of Field Application The application on the field is still the major source of many accidents and residue in food and livestock. 8
  9. 9. LAWS REGULATING PESTICIDELAWS REGULATING PESTICIDE The purpose of laws and regulations is to protect end users from fraudulent claims about product performance and also most importantly protect human health and environment. NAFDAC is empowered through her laws and regulations to determine the intended use, quality, efficacy and safety of pesticides. E.g  NAFDAC Act Cap N1 LFN 2004  Counterfeit, Fake Drugs and Unwholesome Processed Food Act Cap C34 LFN 2004  Import (Prohibition) Act Cap 13 LFN 2004  Pesticides Registration Regulation 2005 9
  10. 10. NAFDAC’S MANDATENAFDAC’S MANDATE  NAFDAC was established by Decree 15 of 1993 as amended by Decree 19 of 1999 and now the National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control Act Cap N1 Laws of the Federation of Nigeria, 2004.  This Act mandates NAFDAC to regulate and control the manufacture, importation, exportation, distribution, advertisement, sale and use of food, drugs, cosmetics, chemicals, detergents, medical devices and packaged water (known as regulated products). 10
  11. 11. REGULATORY ACTIVITIESREGULATORY ACTIVITIES Regulatory activities being carried out by NAFDAC are as follows:-  Good Manufacturing Practise (GMP) Inspection.  Product Registration / Marketing Authorization.  Quality Control.  Issuance of Permit for bulk Importation.  Advert Control and Consumer complaint.  Enforcement / Litigation.  Pharmacovigillance and Post Marketing Surveillance.  Collaborate with Research Institute to conduct field trial evaluation to ascertain the safety and efficacy of Pesticides 11
  12. 12. REGULATORY ACTIVITIES cont’dREGULATORY ACTIVITIES cont’d  Port Inspectorate activities which inspects all regulated products and Routine Laboratory screening of every Consignment of an already registered product imported into the country.  The Agency to sustain and promoted the safe and responsible use of agrochemicals through workshops in collaboration with other relevant stakeholders. 12
  13. 13. REGISTRATION REQUIREMENT OFREGISTRATION REQUIREMENT OF IMPORTED PESTICIDEIMPORTED PESTICIDE  Product Registration: The registration requirement entails the submission of an application letter and duly completed registration form along with relevant documents which include: 1. Notarized Power of attorney. 2. Certificate of Manufacture and Free Sale Certificate. 3. Certificate of analysis 4. GMP invitation letter 5. Certificate of Incorporation 6. Evidence of Trade mark registration 7. Notarized Declaration 13
  14. 14. REQUIREMENTS FOR ISSUANCE OF PERMIT FORREQUIREMENTS FOR ISSUANCE OF PERMIT FOR BULK IMPORTATIONBULK IMPORTATION An applicant for Import Permit must submit the following documents with the application letter and duly completed application form: One copy of Certificate of Incorporation. One copy of Certified True Copy of Memorandum and Articles of Association. One copy of Current Tax Clearance Certificate. One copy Certified True Copy of Particulars of Directors-Form C07. Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) Credentials of the Technical Officer with a minimum of OND in related Science with a copy of appointment letter. 14
  15. 15. REQUIREMENTS FOR ISSUANCE OF PERMIT FORREQUIREMENTS FOR ISSUANCE OF PERMIT FOR BULK IMPORTATIONBULK IMPORTATION • Bulk means solid in an undivided quantity of 25kg or more or a container for liquids of 25L or more. • Images of bulk packages 15
  16. 16. SAFE USE OF PESTICIDES Pesticides are toxic to both pests and humans. However, they need not be hazardous to humans and non-target animal species if suitable precautions are taken. Most pesticides intentionally or accidentally will cause adverse effects. The main routes of exposure of pesticides into the body. are through the following: 1. Respiratory tract (inhalation), 2. Skin (dermal absorption) 3. Digestive. tract (ingestion) 16
  17. 17. PRECAUTIONARY MEASURES  Special precautions must be taken during transport, storage and handling.  Spray equipment should be regularly cleaned and maintained to prevent leaks.  People who work with pesticides should receive proper training in their safe use.  Use suitable equipment for measuring pesticides.  Appropriate Personnel Protective Equipment should be worn in accordance to manufacturers specifications. 19
  18. 18. LABELING REQUIREMENT The following are the basic labelling requirement on a Pesticide  Trade name of the product;  Name and quantity of active ingredient and Net content  Purpose for which it is to be used;  NAFDAC registration number;  Name and address of the manufacturer;  Date markings  Directions for use and storage;  First-aid instructions and advice to health personnel;  Hazard symbol;  Safety precautions and Warning; 20
  19. 19. CONCLUSION Campaigns by NAFDAC is focused on compliance to the direction for use and safety measures stated on product during application. The application on the field and handling is still the major source of many accidents. The activities of the Agency are geared towards promoting and protecting animal and human health by ensuring that all Pesticides / Agrochemicals registered are of quality standard, safe, and efficacious to assist in minimizing the detrimental effects on handlers, end users and environments. 21
  20. 20. Thank You for Listening For Further Enquiry please visit us at; Website: www.nafdac.gov.ng Email: vmap@nafdac.gov.ng 22

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