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Stagesfor change dvsv-training


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domestic violence

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Stagesfor change dvsv-training

  1. 1. Stages ForChange “Anyattempttoimposeyourwillonanotheris anactof violence.” Gandhi
  2. 2. Stages forChange Values Attitudes Beliefs What Happened Before Feelings Body Talk Up Talk Violence
  3. 3. Stages forChange Common Characteristics of The Batterer Although thereisno single“batterer profile,” certain characteristicsconsistently differentiatebatterers from non-batterers. Themorecommon characteristicsinclude: • Controlling behaviors(seePower & Control Wheel) • Minimizesor denieshisviolence • Viewsconflictsin termsof win-lose only; lacksconflict resolution skills • Blameshispartner • Isoverly dependent on hispartner • Haslow self-esteem • Isgenerally unassertivetoward anyoneelse • Lackscommunication skills • Rigid sex roles • “Playful” useof forcein sex • Often seen by friends/co-workersas not battering type • Abusesdrugsor alcohol; blameshis violenceon them
  4. 4. Stages forChange Common Beliefs of Batterers • Anger causesviolence • Women aremanipulative • Women think of men as paychecks • I giveher thepaycheck so she haseconomic power • If I don’t control her, she’ll control me • Smashing thingsisn’t abusive, it’sventing • Sometimesthere’sno alternative to violence • Women’sLibbershatemen • Women arejust asviolent asmen • Women want to bedominated by men • Somebody hasto bein charge • Jealousy isnatural in men • Violenceisoften abreakdown in communication • A man hastheright to choosehis partner’sfriends • A man can’t changeif thewoman won’t
  5. 5. Stages ForChange Domestic Violence 101 Domestic Violence: Any assault, aggravated assault, battery, aggravated battery, sexual assault, sexual battery, stalking, aggravated stalking, kidnapping, false imprisonment, or any criminal offense resulting in personal injury ordeath of one *family o r ho useho ld member by another, who is orwas residing in the same single dwelling unit. Family or Household Member: Spouse, former spouse, persons related by blood or marriage, persons who are presently residing together, as if a family, or who have resided together in the past, as if a family, and persons who have a child in common regardless of whetherthey have been married orhave resided togetherat any time.
  6. 6. Stages ForChange Domestic violence 101 – 2004 Hubbard House Stats 6,375 Hotlinecallsreceived6,375 Hotlinecallsreceived. 20,744 Counseling hoursprovided20,744 Counseling hoursprovided. 1,150 Clientssheltered1,150 Clientssheltered 557 – Children under 18557 – Children under 18 589 – Women589 – Women 3 - Men3 - Men 26,586 shelter days.
  7. 7. Stages ForChange Reasons ForStaying She may love her abuser since he may be more often loving than abusive. She may fear he will carry out his threats to kill her or the children. She may fear losing custody of her children. She probably suffers from low self-esteem because of his abuse and feels like a failure for not being able to stop it. She may feel that the abuse is deserved or it is her fault. She may have cultural or religious beliefs that keep her in the relationship. She may feel that the children need their father or she is incapable of raising them as a single parent. She may believe that she cannot survive emotionally without her partner and fears being alone She may be financially dependent on her partner and lacking in job skills. She may be so exhausted from dealing with the abuse on a daily basis that she is unable to make major decisions or changes.
  8. 8. Stages ForChange When Talking with a Victim Remain non-judgmental Benon-confrontational Validatefeelings Don’t ask questionsthat appear to blamethevictim for theabuse. Alwaysgivethevictim theright to decidewhat isbest.
  9. 9. Stages ForChange What Not to Say Areyou avictim of domestic violence? What did you do to provoketheattack? What wereyou doing right beforeyou wereattacked? Why haven’t you left?or Why do you keep going back?
  10. 10. Stages ForChange Effects on Children PRENATAL INFANTS TODDLERS OLDER CHILDREN  By 18 weeksof gestation, brain development is developing  In thewomb, it isbelieved that character traits areformed  A fetusbetween 10-15 weeks feelsand reactsto violence  Bonding and attachment before and around birth havelifelong effects 15% of USchildren enter life without attachment  Children rejected pre-natally show developmental, psychological and social handicaps  May cry more often and bemore irritablethan most infants.  May experience sleep disturbances and digestive problems.  May resist being held or being fed  May be developmentally delayed/Failureto thrive  May havelow self- esteem and lack of self confidence.  May bemore aggressiveOR more withdrawn than normal.  May exhibit high levelsof anxiety and fearfulnesswith physical manifestations such asstomach aches And nightmares.  May havelow self-esteem and lack of self confidence.  May feel inadequatefor not being ableto protect their mothers (thisisespecially truefor male children).  May besuicidal.  May beaggressivewith violent outburstsof anger.  May lack social skillsand do poorly in school.  May resort to juvenile delinquency and battering in their own dating relationships.
  11. 11. Stages ForChange Coping with Family Violence • Fourout of five children from violence homes witness extreme violence directed at themselves orothers in theirown homes • 30 to 40% of women who are battered grew up seeing theirmothers being abused • 50 to 80% of men who batterwitnessed theirfather’s violence against theirmothers • Three to five children in each classroom may be witnessing violence in theirhomes • Violent relationships begin when teens are about 15 years old and become involved in serious relationships
  12. 12. Stages ForChange Teen Dating Abuse… It’s More Common Than You Think
  13. 13. Dynamics of Teen Dating Abuse • 36% of female high school and college students surveyed, more than one in three have experienced some violence in a dating relationship. • 50% of dating women sufferphysical, sexual, emotional, orverbal abuse from theirdating partners. • The majority of violence occurs during the “going steady” orserious phase of the relationship. (But I Love Him, Dr. Jill Murray 2000) Stages ForChange
  14. 14. Dynamics of Teen Dating Abuse cont. • 25% of Female Homicide Victims are between 15 and 24 years old. • One in three women who are killed in the United States are murdered by theirboyfriend or husband. • 90% of abusive men in prison come from abusive homes. (ButI LoveHim, Dr. Jill Murray 2000) Stages ForChange
  15. 15. Why is Teen Dating Abuse So Common? • Peerapproval • Genderrole expectations • Lack of experience • Little contact with adult resources • Less access to societal resources • Legal issues • Substance abuse (Domestic andDatingViolence: Aninformationandresourcehandbook, compiled by the Metropolitan King City Council 1996) Stages ForChange
  16. 16. Continuum of Dating Abuse Verbal Abuse Emotional Abuse Mental Abuse Physical Abuse Sexual Abuse Stages ForChange
  17. 17. Characteristics of a Teen Abuser • Calling her/him names • Buying her/him a pagerorcell phone and expecting them to return the phone call immediately • Monopolizing all of her/his time • Isolating her/him from family, friends, and outside interests • Making him orher feel insecure • Blaming him orherforthings going wrong • Jealousy, Control, possessiveness • Saying “ILove You” too soon • Using Drugs orAlcohol • Forcing Sex Stages ForChange
  18. 18. Stages ForChange What is sexual violence? Any forced sexual contact by oneperson with another person. Thisincludestouching on top of and underneath clothing, includesforcing thevictim to touch the offender sexually, includestouching sexual body parts with objects.
  19. 19. Continuum of Sexual Violence Obscene phone calls Window peeping Flashing Sexual Harassment (verbal and/orphysical) Fondling Date Rape StrangerRape Multiple Assailants Relative Assault (Incest)    Stages ForChange
  20. 20. Myths of Sexual Assault 1) “Sheasked for it.” 2) “It can’t happen to me.” 3) Sex offendersaremotivated by sexual desire. 4) Sex offendersareretarded. 5) Sex offendersareacertain race. 6) Women frequently “cry rape”. Stages ForChange
  21. 21. Prevention will only come with social change:  Hold offendersaccountablefor thecrime  Recognizeavictim’s(anyone’s) vulnerability  Demonstrateempathy toward victims  Realizethat rapeisnot sexy Stages ForChange
  22. 22. Consent versus Force Consent meansboth personsagreeto sexual activity without theinfluenceof drugsor alcohol, without manipulation, promises, liesor blackmail, without physical force, threats, or theuseof weaponsor restraints. Force robsanother of their freewill and their right to refuse. Stages ForChange
  23. 23. Patterns of Rape • 70% are powerrapists - littlebodily injury, pre-planned, repetitive, offender known to victim • 25% are angerrapists - great physical trauma, impulsive, episodic • 5% are sadistic rapists - kidnapping, murder, torture, mutilation, calculated Stages ForChange
  24. 24. Three Phases of the Rape Experience (1) Threat of Attack (2) Victimization Occurs (3) Aftermath Stages ForChange
  25. 25. How Date Rape Occurs: • Failureto get aclear consent • Failureto stop when victim saysno • Using drugsor alcohol • Victim isunder 16 years • Victim isunder 18 yearsand offender isover 24 yearsof age • Usually during social occasions Stages ForChange
  26. 26. Date Rape Drugs: • Work in 5-20 minutes • Offender can remain anonymous • Render victimshelpless • Cheap • Cannot betasted in beverage • Eliminatememory of victim • Hard to detect in later blood tests Stages ForChange
  27. 27. Most rapes are not reported by victims :  Lack of understanding of what rapeis  Fear of not being believed  Fear of being blamed  Fear of getting into trouble  Fear of parent’sreaction  Fear of offender  Fear of getting abad reputation Stages ForChange
  28. 28. Reactions to Sexual Assault: Shock Disbelief Embarrassment Shame Guilt Depression Powerlessness Disorientation Re-triggering Denial Fear Anxiety Anger Stages ForChange
  29. 29. Marital Rape * Power * Punishment * Control * Sadistic * “Makeup” sex * Forced unacceptableacts * Multiplepartners * Videotapessold on internet Stages ForChange
  30. 30. Reduce yourRisk:  Practicegood communication skills  Trust your feelings  Go out in groups  Stay together  Stay sober  Becareful with beverages  Alwayslet someoneknow whereyou will be Stages ForChange
  31. 31. What to do when sexual assault occurs:  Get to asafeplace  Call afriend or relativewho can help  Call 911 or acrisishot line  Get medical help  Do not shower  Savetheclothing you werewearing  Get support, such ascounseling  And always remember, rape is neveryourfault Stages ForChange
  32. 32. Hubbard House Contact Numbers Emergency Shelter 354-0076 24 Hour Hotline 354-3114
  33. 33. STATEWIDE HOTLINE NUMBER 1-800-500-1119