Reinforcement      & Punishment
Reinforcement●   Any stimulus added or removed contingent    upon a behavior that maintains or    increases the strength o...
Positive Reinforcement●   Is any action following a behavior that    increases likehood that action will occur    again.
Negative Reinforcement●   Always increases the chances that a    behavior will occur.
Punishment●   Is sometimes confused with negative    reinforcement. Punishment always    decreases the chances that a beha...
Punishment●   Punishment has several disadvantages,    including: Its frequently ineffective, It can    convey the idea th...
Positive Punishment●   Is also called “punishment by application.”●   This is done by presenting or applying an    aversiv...
Negative Punishment●   Is also called “punishment by removal.”●   In this version you would remove an    enjoyable stimulu...
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Reinforcement

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Reinforcement

  1. 1. Reinforcement & Punishment
  2. 2. Reinforcement● Any stimulus added or removed contingent upon a behavior that maintains or increases the strength of the behavior.
  3. 3. Positive Reinforcement● Is any action following a behavior that increases likehood that action will occur again.
  4. 4. Negative Reinforcement● Always increases the chances that a behavior will occur.
  5. 5. Punishment● Is sometimes confused with negative reinforcement. Punishment always decreases the chances that a behavior will occur.
  6. 6. Punishment● Punishment has several disadvantages, including: Its frequently ineffective, It can convey the idea that physical aggression is permissable and/or desirable,and it also doesnt present to act through a different, more appropriate behavior
  7. 7. Positive Punishment● Is also called “punishment by application.”● This is done by presenting or applying an aversive stimulus once the behavior has occurred.
  8. 8. Negative Punishment● Is also called “punishment by removal.”● In this version you would remove an enjoyable stimulus once the behavior has occurred.

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