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A Neurobiologist’s Guide
To Mind Manipulation
Casey Watts!


@kyloma caseywatts.com
“Intra-LA infusions of garcinol impair
training-related acetylation of histone H3
and fear memory consolidation.”My Papers...
Overview
A. Cognitive Restructuring
B. Psychological Safety
Notes, links, slides, video, mailing list at:
caseywatts.com/mindmanipulation
Part A
Cognitive Restructuring
1. “Opportunities”
2. How The Brain Works
3. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
1. “Opportunities”
2. How The Brain Works
3. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
“in-moment”

vs

“reflecting”
argument at work
snapping at your kids
Hangry, wet, raining, late
Stepped in a puddle
1. “Opportunities”
2. How The Brain Works
3. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Inner vs Outer Brain
LeDoux’s
Dual Pathway
Inner vs Outer Brain
Feelings
Limbic System

“inner brain”



“low road”

FAST ~ms
Feelings
Limbic System

“inner brain”



“low road”

FAST ~ms
Thoughts
Cortex

“outer brain”



“high road”

SLOW ~s
Brain as a System
An Engineer’s System
Animal Human
Autopilot Mindful
Automatic
Thoughts
Automatic

Feelings
Deliberate
Thoughts
Deliberate

Feelings
Negative

Thoughts







Negative

Feelings
How to intervene?
(hint: it is CBT)
1. “Opportunities”
2. How The Brain Works
3. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Depression
Anxiety
Bipolar disorder
Eating disorders
Schizophrenia
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Mental Illnesses
CBT is as effective as antidepressant drugs

for treating depression
Cognitive Behavioral

Therapy
Training
debugging tool
npm install constant-introspection
0. Whoop!
1. Input

2. Emotions & Thoughts
3. Response
0. Whoop!
😣


😮
❗
Whoop!
🤔“The Whoop State”
congratulate yourself
1. Input
Inputs
- stimuli from the environment
- things that happen
- people’s words/actions
Inputs
- automatic thoughts
- automatic emotions
Inputs
- current bodily state
Inputs
- current bodily state
Hangry
2a. Emotions
Expand emotional vocabulary
Emotion Processing Techniques
- Talking with close friends
- Journaling
- Reading Fiction
View emotions as data


non-judgmentally
2b. Thoughts
Maladaptive
Cognitions
or
Unhelpful
Thoughts
link at: caseywatts.com/mindmanipulation
Hangry, wet, raining, late
Stepped in a puddle
Hangry, wet, raining, late
Stepped in a puddle
“Wet shoes are
THE WORST”
Hangry, wet, raining, late
Stepped in a puddle
“If I’m late, I should
just not go.”
Hangry, wet, raining, late
Stepped in a puddle
“Today sucks.”
More Adaptive Thoughts
“I am feeling
frustrated”
“This
hangriness
will go away
when I eat”
“I’ll feel great
after I dry of...
Maladaptive
Cognitions
or
Unhelpful
Thoughts
link at: caseywatts.com/mindmanipulation
Print
This
0. Whoop!
1. Input

2. Emotions & Thoughts
3. Response
Other Tools
Therapist
CBT Book “Feeling Good”
Headspace (app)
Joyable (webapp)
links at: caseywatts.com/mindmanipulation
Part B
Psychological Safety
Safe Space
anyone would feel safe in this
group


with respect to their identity etc
Safe Space
anyone would feel safe in this
group


with respect to their identity etc
PsycSafe Group
current members feel s...
PsycSafety
shared belief held by members of a team that the team is

safe for interpersonal risk-taking
- Amy Edmondson
What makes teams
perform better?
(Google)
Failed Correlations
personality types
skills
backgrounds
management style
Successful
Correlations
“group norms”
PsycSafe Traits
1. communication

“conversational turn-taking”

2. empathy

“average social sensitivity”
safe for interpersonal risk-taking
➡
~higher collective IQ
6/6 voices heard



smarter than



5/6 voices heard
Goal:
Improving PsycSafety
10 Techniques

10 Minutes
Communication
Earned Dogmatism Effect
Declare Unknowns
Frame as Learning
Acknowledge Fallibility
Model Curiosity
Earned Dogmatism Effect
“I am experienced, therefore my idea is right.”
link at: caseywatts.com/mindmanipulation
Declare Unknowns
“We don’t fully understand X yet.”
Framing
“learning opportunity” not “BAD WRONG BAD”
Acknowledge Fallibility
“I make mistakes and I know it - tell me what you notice”
Model Curiosity
ask many questions
Communication
Earned Dogmatism Effect
Declare Unknowns
Frame as Learning
Acknowledge Fallibility
Model Curiosity
Empathy
Propinquity
Task vs Relationship
(PEARLS)
Validation
Depersonalize Ideas
Vulnerability
Propinquity
social closeness
Task
“[potential issues with your idea]”
Relationship
“You aren’t competent.”
PEARLS
link at: caseywatts.com/mindmanipulation
PEARLS
link at: caseywatts.com/mindmanipulation
Validation
recognition and acceptance of another person's [thoughts,
feelings, sensations, and behaviors] as understandabl...
1. Be Present
2. Accurate Reflection
3. Mind Reading
4. Context: their background
5. “anyone would”
6. Radical Genuineness
...
Depersonalize Ideas


“Idea A”



not “Casey’s Idea”
Vulnerability
increases trust
Empathy
Propinquity
Task vs Relationship
(PEARLS)
Validation
Depersonalize Ideas
Vulnerability
Communication
Earned Dogmatism Effect
Declare Unknowns
Frame as Learning
Acknowledge Fallibility
Model Curiosity
Empathy
P...
Homework
1. Bookmark
caseywatts.com/
mindmanipulation


2. Print ones in purple


3. Read (at least) 1 article
Yay!
fin
Bonus Content
Why doesn’t everyone already do CBT?
How do I get other people to do this?
Haidt’s

Elephant Model
Post-hoc

Rationalization
Haidt’s

“Moral Foundations Theory”
Between stimulus and response there is a space.
In that space is our power to choose our response.
In our response lies ou...
Anxiety
a feeling of worry, nervousness, or unease,
typically about an imminent event or something
with an uncertain outco...
Rumination
compulsively focused attention on the symptoms
of one's distress, and on its possible causes and
consequences, ...
More about Joyable
(app)
Social Sensitivity
“Reading the Mind in the Eyes”
link at: caseywatts.com/mindmanipulation
Neurobiologist's guide to mind manipulation 0.10
Neurobiologist's guide to mind manipulation 0.10
Neurobiologist's guide to mind manipulation 0.10
Neurobiologist's guide to mind manipulation 0.10
Neurobiologist's guide to mind manipulation 0.10
Neurobiologist's guide to mind manipulation 0.10
Neurobiologist's guide to mind manipulation 0.10
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Neurobiologist's guide to mind manipulation 0.10

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caseywatts.com/mindmanipulation

A useful-psychology double-whammy:

A) Developers are great systems thinkers. Surprise: your brain is a system too! Reframe frustration into accomplishment, and become a more effective and bubbly person using a frontal cortex feedback loop.

B) Want your team to be the happiest, most productive team around? Recent psychology research reveals one key attribute of the most successful teams, and it's within your influence.

Casey Watts ♡'s open communities, open communication, open software, open minds. He has set out on a quest to fill the world with happiness and bubbles. Lots of bubbles.

Published in: Technology
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Neurobiologist's guide to mind manipulation 0.10

  1. 1. A Neurobiologist’s Guide To Mind Manipulation Casey Watts! 
 @kyloma caseywatts.com
  2. 2. “Intra-LA infusions of garcinol impair training-related acetylation of histone H3 and fear memory consolidation.”My Papers Casey’s Research
  3. 3. Overview A. Cognitive Restructuring B. Psychological Safety
  4. 4. Notes, links, slides, video, mailing list at: caseywatts.com/mindmanipulation
  5. 5. Part A Cognitive Restructuring
  6. 6. 1. “Opportunities” 2. How The Brain Works 3. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  7. 7. 1. “Opportunities” 2. How The Brain Works 3. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  8. 8. “in-moment”
 vs
 “reflecting”
  9. 9. argument at work
  10. 10. snapping at your kids
  11. 11. Hangry, wet, raining, late Stepped in a puddle
  12. 12. 1. “Opportunities” 2. How The Brain Works 3. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  13. 13. Inner vs Outer Brain
  14. 14. LeDoux’s Dual Pathway Inner vs Outer Brain
  15. 15. Feelings Limbic System
 “inner brain”
 
 “low road”
 FAST ~ms
  16. 16. Feelings Limbic System
 “inner brain”
 
 “low road”
 FAST ~ms Thoughts Cortex
 “outer brain”
 
 “high road”
 SLOW ~s
  17. 17. Brain as a System
  18. 18. An Engineer’s System
  19. 19. Animal Human
  20. 20. Autopilot Mindful
  21. 21. Automatic Thoughts Automatic
 Feelings Deliberate Thoughts Deliberate
 Feelings
  22. 22. Negative
 Thoughts
 
 
 
 Negative
 Feelings
  23. 23. How to intervene? (hint: it is CBT)
  24. 24. 1. “Opportunities” 2. How The Brain Works 3. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  25. 25. Depression Anxiety Bipolar disorder Eating disorders Schizophrenia Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Mental Illnesses
  26. 26. CBT is as effective as antidepressant drugs
 for treating depression
  27. 27. Cognitive Behavioral
 Therapy Training
  28. 28. debugging tool npm install constant-introspection
  29. 29. 0. Whoop! 1. Input
 2. Emotions & Thoughts 3. Response
  30. 30. 0. Whoop!
  31. 31. 😣
  32. 32. 
 😮 ❗ Whoop!
  33. 33. 🤔“The Whoop State”
  34. 34. congratulate yourself
  35. 35. 1. Input
  36. 36. Inputs - stimuli from the environment - things that happen - people’s words/actions
  37. 37. Inputs - automatic thoughts - automatic emotions
  38. 38. Inputs - current bodily state
  39. 39. Inputs - current bodily state Hangry
  40. 40. 2a. Emotions
  41. 41. Expand emotional vocabulary
  42. 42. Emotion Processing Techniques - Talking with close friends - Journaling - Reading Fiction
  43. 43. View emotions as data 
 non-judgmentally
  44. 44. 2b. Thoughts
  45. 45. Maladaptive Cognitions or Unhelpful Thoughts link at: caseywatts.com/mindmanipulation
  46. 46. Hangry, wet, raining, late Stepped in a puddle
  47. 47. Hangry, wet, raining, late Stepped in a puddle “Wet shoes are THE WORST”
  48. 48. Hangry, wet, raining, late Stepped in a puddle “If I’m late, I should just not go.”
  49. 49. Hangry, wet, raining, late Stepped in a puddle “Today sucks.”
  50. 50. More Adaptive Thoughts “I am feeling frustrated” “This hangriness will go away when I eat” “I’ll feel great after I dry off”
  51. 51. Maladaptive Cognitions or Unhelpful Thoughts link at: caseywatts.com/mindmanipulation Print This
  52. 52. 0. Whoop! 1. Input
 2. Emotions & Thoughts 3. Response
  53. 53. Other Tools Therapist CBT Book “Feeling Good” Headspace (app) Joyable (webapp) links at: caseywatts.com/mindmanipulation
  54. 54. Part B Psychological Safety
  55. 55. Safe Space anyone would feel safe in this group 
 with respect to their identity etc
  56. 56. Safe Space anyone would feel safe in this group 
 with respect to their identity etc PsycSafe Group current members feel safe
  57. 57. PsycSafety shared belief held by members of a team that the team is
 safe for interpersonal risk-taking - Amy Edmondson
  58. 58. What makes teams perform better? (Google)
  59. 59. Failed Correlations personality types skills backgrounds management style Successful Correlations “group norms”
  60. 60. PsycSafe Traits 1. communication
 “conversational turn-taking”
 2. empathy
 “average social sensitivity”
  61. 61. safe for interpersonal risk-taking ➡ ~higher collective IQ
  62. 62. 6/6 voices heard
 
 smarter than
 
 5/6 voices heard
  63. 63. Goal: Improving PsycSafety
  64. 64. 10 Techniques
 10 Minutes
  65. 65. Communication Earned Dogmatism Effect Declare Unknowns Frame as Learning Acknowledge Fallibility Model Curiosity
  66. 66. Earned Dogmatism Effect “I am experienced, therefore my idea is right.” link at: caseywatts.com/mindmanipulation
  67. 67. Declare Unknowns “We don’t fully understand X yet.”
  68. 68. Framing “learning opportunity” not “BAD WRONG BAD”
  69. 69. Acknowledge Fallibility “I make mistakes and I know it - tell me what you notice”
  70. 70. Model Curiosity ask many questions
  71. 71. Communication Earned Dogmatism Effect Declare Unknowns Frame as Learning Acknowledge Fallibility Model Curiosity
  72. 72. Empathy Propinquity Task vs Relationship (PEARLS) Validation Depersonalize Ideas Vulnerability
  73. 73. Propinquity social closeness
  74. 74. Task “[potential issues with your idea]” Relationship “You aren’t competent.”
  75. 75. PEARLS link at: caseywatts.com/mindmanipulation
  76. 76. PEARLS link at: caseywatts.com/mindmanipulation
  77. 77. Validation recognition and acceptance of another person's [thoughts, feelings, sensations, and behaviors] as understandable (whether or not you agree)
  78. 78. 1. Be Present 2. Accurate Reflection 3. Mind Reading 4. Context: their background 5. “anyone would” 6. Radical Genuineness Validation Levels link at: caseywatts.com/mindmanipulation
  79. 79. Depersonalize Ideas 
 “Idea A”
 
 not “Casey’s Idea”
  80. 80. Vulnerability increases trust
  81. 81. Empathy Propinquity Task vs Relationship (PEARLS) Validation Depersonalize Ideas Vulnerability
  82. 82. Communication Earned Dogmatism Effect Declare Unknowns Frame as Learning Acknowledge Fallibility Model Curiosity Empathy Propinquity Task vs Relationship (PEARLS) Validation Depersonalize Ideas Vulnerability
  83. 83. Homework 1. Bookmark caseywatts.com/ mindmanipulation 
 2. Print ones in purple 
 3. Read (at least) 1 article
  84. 84. Yay! fin
  85. 85. Bonus Content
  86. 86. Why doesn’t everyone already do CBT?
  87. 87. How do I get other people to do this?
  88. 88. Haidt’s
 Elephant Model
  89. 89. Post-hoc
 Rationalization
  90. 90. Haidt’s
 “Moral Foundations Theory”
  91. 91. Between stimulus and response there is a space. In that space is our power to choose our response. In our response lies our growth and freedom. - Viktor Frankl
  92. 92. Anxiety a feeling of worry, nervousness, or unease, typically about an imminent event or something with an uncertain outcome.
  93. 93. Rumination compulsively focused attention on the symptoms of one's distress, and on its possible causes and consequences, as opposed to its solutions
  94. 94. More about Joyable (app)
  95. 95. Social Sensitivity “Reading the Mind in the Eyes” link at: caseywatts.com/mindmanipulation

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