Chinese  Society & Culture
Economic Changes <ul><li>1500-1800 – China mostly agricultural society </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1st change – increase in popu...
Chinese Family <ul><li>Emphasis on – family relations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on – Confucian ideals </li></ul></ul><ul...
Role of Women <ul><li>Women considered – inferior to men </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only males – could have formal education </...
Footbinding Notice how she has to have support to walk.
Footbinding
Footbinding
Cultural Developments <ul><li>The CH novel- developed during Ming Dynasty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Golden Lotus  – 1 st  ...
Rare Red - Ming Vase   <ul><li>How much did this porcelain Ming vase  </li></ul><ul><li>sell for ..?? </li></ul><ul><li>Ov...
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  1. 1. Chinese Society & Culture
  2. 2. Economic Changes <ul><li>1500-1800 – China mostly agricultural society </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1st change – increase in population </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meant – less land available </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shortage led to- unrest and revolts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Growth in – manufacturing & increased trade btw provinces </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Didn’t dev – commercial capitalism (private bus. Based on profit) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>b/c: trade & manuf – remained under control of gov’t </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>many CH – looked down on trade & manuf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>levied – heavy taxes on trade & manuf. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Chinese Family <ul><li>Emphasis on – family relations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on – Confucian ideals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CH family expected to – provide for its members needs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Incl 1. education of children </li></ul><ul><li>2. support of unmarried daughters </li></ul><ul><li>3. care of elderly </li></ul><ul><li>Expected to – sacrifice their individual desires for the benefit of family </li></ul><ul><li>Ideal family unit – in Qing China was the extended family </li></ul><ul><li>Clan – dozens or hundreds of related families </li></ul><ul><li>Families linked – clan councils or elders </li></ul><ul><li>Clan system – made it possible for wealthier families to help poorer relatives </li></ul>
  4. 4. Role of Women <ul><li>Women considered – inferior to men </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only males – could have formal education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wife – subordinate to the husband </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Couldn’t – divorce or inherit property </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Husbands expected – to provide support for wives and children </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Women restricted – movement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bound feet – a status symbol </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Footbinding Notice how she has to have support to walk.
  6. 6. Footbinding
  7. 7. Footbinding
  8. 8. Cultural Developments <ul><li>The CH novel- developed during Ming Dynasty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Golden Lotus – 1 st realistic social novel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Depicts – corrupt life of a wealthy landlord in Ming China </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ming & Qing Art </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Architecture – Imperial City </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Began by – Emperor Yong Le </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Complex of – palaces and temples </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Surrounded – walls </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Off limits – to commoners </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>So known as- Forbidden City </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ming Era art – most famous is blue/white porcelain </li></ul></ul>http://www.thebeijingguide.com/forbidden_city/forbidden_city_historical_tour.html
  9. 9. Rare Red - Ming Vase <ul><li>How much did this porcelain Ming vase </li></ul><ul><li>sell for ..?? </li></ul><ul><li>Over </li></ul><ul><li>$10 million!!! </li></ul>sold May 2006

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